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Cardiff Castle (Castell Caerdydd)

Cardiff Castle

 

Location: Castle St., Cardiff  Map

Tel. 029-2087 8100

Open: daily

Closed: Jan 1, Dec 25- 26

www.cardiffcastle.com

 

 

 

Description of Cardiff Castle

Cardiff Castle is a medieval citadel in Cardiff, capital of Wales, in United Kingdom.  Current Cardiff Castle was constructed on a high motte (hill) on the site of the Ancient Roman castra in 1091 by Robert Fitzhamon, lord of Gloucester. It became famous as a prison site for Robert Curthose, duke of Normandy and eldest son of William the Conqueror. His attempt to dethrone Henry I failed and he spent the rest of his life here. The castle was renovated in 1868 during Victorian Era by 3rd Marquess of Bute.

 

 

History

The Roman fort

There may have been at least two Roman forts in this same place. The first was probably built around 55 AD. during the conquest of the tribe of the Siluros. From the end of the second century to the middle of the third century, this place was occupied by civil buildings dedicated to the work on metal.

 

The Norman castle

The Norman Homage Tower was built on a hill where the Roman Castrum once stood, which was discovered by the third Marquis of Bute during his campaign. The Norman Tower, of which the deposit is conserved, was built around 1091 by Robert Ftizhamon, Lord of Gloucester and conqueror of Glamorgan. After the failed attempt of Robert Curthose, Duke of Normandy, the eldest son of William the Conqueror, to snatch England from Henry I, Robert of Normandy was taken prisoner here until his death in 1134. Cardiff castle, rebuilt in stone, was an important bastion of the Lord Marchers, of the dynasties of Clare and Despenser, of the Counts Beauchamps of Warwick, of Richard of York thanks to his marriage with the Neville family, and of the Herbert family, Counts of Pembroke. In the 18th century Cardiff castle became property of John Stuart, third Earl of Bute, who was converted by his wife, belonging to the Herbert family, into a large landowner, and whose heirs developed the docks that transformed Cardiff, which happened from being a fishing village to a large port during the 19th century.

 

 

 

 

 

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