Description of Edinburgh

Edinburgh is the capital and council of Scotland (United Kingdom). It is the second largest city in Scotland after Glasgow. It is located on the east coast of Scotland, on the banks of the Firth of the Forth River and the local unitary authority of the City of Edinburgh, it is the capital of Scotland since 1437 and seat of the Scottish government. It was one of the most important centers of education and culture during the Enlightenment thanks to the University of Edinburgh. Its districts The Old Town (old city) and The New Town (new city) were designated Patrimony of the Humanity by UNESCO in 1995. According to the census of 2011 it has a total population of 459 366 inhabitants.

Edinburgh is famous for its International Festival, the largest live-action festival in the world, and other festivals held in summer more or less simultaneously, most of which are grouped under the Edinburgh Festival name. During the festival the population of the city doubles. Edinburgh is the second most visited city in the United Kingdom, after London, with approximately 13 million tourists a year.


Travel Destinations in Edinburgh

Edinburgh Castle

Castle Hill

Tel. 0131- 225 9846

Open: daily                   Closed: Dec 25- 26


The Edinburgh Castle is an ancient fortress built on a rock of origin volcanic located in the city center of Edinburgh . It has been used for military purposes since the twelfth century , being intended for civil uses only in very recent times. It is located at the top of Castlehill Street, one of the four streets that form the Royal Mile . The castle is open to visitors and is managed by the specialized agency Historic Scotland . This is the most visited paid tourist attraction in Scotland .

Three of its sides are protected by steep cliffs , and access to the castle is limited to a steep slope on the eastern side of the castle. In the past there was an artificial lake in its northern zone. This lake, called Nor'Loch ( north lake), was desiccated in Georgian times with the construction of the New City , to be used as an outdoor mason and later as a park . It was from this moment when the citadel lost most of its defensive role.

The access to the castle is made through the esplanade, a wide paved square with an inclined plane that lies between the castle itself and the end of the Royal Mile. It is on this esplanade where the Military Tattoo is held annually , and it is here that once parades and various types of training for the military garrison of the castle were organized. The cylindrical battery is called half moon.

The castle is entered through a portal in front of the battery, which leads to a path that goes up to the right to the courtyard in the center of the fortress.


Palace of Holyroodhouse (Edinburgh)

East end of the Royal Mile

Tel. 0131- 556 1096

Open: daily



National Gallery of Scotland (Edinburgh)

The Mound

Tel. 0131- 624 6200

Open: daily



Royal Museum and Museum of Scotland (Edinburgh)

Chambers St.

Tel. 0131- 247 4422

Open: Mon- Say, Sun pm



Greyfrias Kirk (Edinburgh)

Greyrfriars Place

Tel. 0131- 226 5429

Open: Apr- Oct: Mon- Sat

Nov- Mar: Thu pm


Scottish National Portrait Gallery (Edinburgh)

1 Queen St.

Tel. 0131- 556 8921


Scottish National Portrait Gallery is a museum located on Queen Street in Edinburgh belonging to the National Galleries of Scotland . It houses the national collection of portraits of the most illustrious figures of this country although not all the works have been made by Scots. It also houses the Scottish national photography collection.

Admission is free to both the main exhibition and some of the special exhibitions that are temporary.

The building where the gallery is located is a Gothic Revival building of red sandstone designed by Robert Rowand Anderson , built between 1885 and 1889 and inspired by the Doge's Palace in Venice . It was built with the special purpose of housing the museum it currently hosts, which makes it the first in the world with these characteristics. 1

It is located on the border between the Old Town and the New Town , with views from a privileged situation over the latter.

The main facades develop an elaborate decorative sculpture scheme created by the leading Scottish sculptors of the time. Poets, kings and statesmen guard the sides located on Queen Street and North St Andrew Street while William Wallace and Robert the Bruce take care of the main entrance.

In the main Hall, at the entrance, two stories high, there is an impressive introduction to the history of Scotland represented by the concatenation in the form of a frieze throughout the perimeter of the hall of small full-length drawings of the main Scottish characters from the Stone Age to the end of the 19th century . It is a visual encyclopedia of Scottish history thanks to the details of the people and dresses of each era.

Also in the hall, it is a privileged central position, there is a magnificent statue of Robert Burns surrounded by the busts of other Scottish illustrious such as James Watt , Walter Scott and Donald Dewar.

In the gallery you can also find a printing press, a section of references and a library, all accessible to any type of public through a prior request. In addition to these cultural resources, within the building itself there is a souvenir shop and a cafeteria.