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Richborough Roman Fort (Rutupiæ)

Richborough Roman Fort

 

Location: Richborough, Kent Map

Constructed: AD 43

Former roman name: Rutupiæ

Tel. 01304 612 013

Open: Apr- Sept daily

Entrance Fee: adult £4.90

Children (5- 15 years) £2.90

Family (2 adults, 3 children) £12.70

 

 

 

Description of Richborough Roman Fort

Richborough Roman Fort (Rutupiæ)

Richborough Roman Fort, Richborough Castle or Rutupiæ as it was formerly known is an ancient Roman fortress situated in Richborough, Kent in United Kingdom. Richborough Roman Fort was constructed in 43 AD after invasion of Roman emperor Claudius to protect legions from constant skirmishes with local tribes. Richborough today lies two and half from a sea shores, however in the ancient times it was a harbor for the occupational armies situated in the natural lagoon in the Wantsum Channel. Along with Portus Dubris (modern Dover), Rutupiæ secured Roman presence on the islands. This settlement was an important site for colonization and cultural influence of local people. Romans brought sword to these lands, but also understood that their achievements and way of life might be more beneficial and attractive to local people. Over generations Richborough Fort area was increased in size in 250 AD and incorporated Saxon families inside its walls along with Roman military barracks. In the 3rd century Romans also constructed an amphitheatre for gladiator and animal fights. Rutupine shore also became famous for its oysters that were shipped to other corners of the empire.

 

Archaeological digs in Richborough Roman Fort uncovered presence of Christian influence in the region. One of the oldest churches in United Kingdom was discovered in Richborough. Interestingly archaeologists discovered a statue of Roman god of agriculture, Demeter, that was used in construction of the Christian temple where it served as a threshold.

 

The Roman armies abandoned this site and England around 410 AD and local Saxon tribes took complete control over ancient fortifications. About this time Saxons constructed a chapel of Saint Augustine. In the 12th century the church was rebuild, however by the 17th century it was abandoned and in ruins. Much of the stone was used by local for construction of the newer buildings. In the mid 19th century first archaeological digs in the area of Richborough Roman Fort were undertaken. Today much of the ancient fort is still hidden underground.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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