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Description of Bath

Bath is a city in the ceremonial county of Somerset, in the south-west of England. It is located 156 km west of London and twenty-one kilometers southeast of Bristol. The population of the city is 83,992 inhabitants (2001). It was granted city status in 1590 through a royal decree of Queen Elizabeth I, and later that of county borough ("county municipality") in 1889, which guaranteed administrative independence from the rest of Somerset. Bath later became part of Avon, when the county was created in 1974. Since 1996, with the abolition of Avon County, the city has been the main center city ​​of the unitary authority of Bath and North East Somerset ("Bath and Northeast of Somerset", B & NES).

Bath was founded as a thermal complex by the Romans under the Latin name of Aquae Sulis ("the waters of Sulis"), in 43 BC, although the oral tradition without any sustenance suggests that it already existed from before.The Romans built the complex and a temple in the adjacent hills in the valley of the river Avon, around the source of the thermal springs. The city was fairly large and an important civil and trade center of the province of Britannia. This amazing complex was constructed in the first century AD. In the ancient times it was covered by a roof, which since collapsed. This allowed natural light to penetrate the waters of the pool that turned green from all the algae growth in the water. Later, local baths were popularized for its thermal waters during the Georgian era, which led to great expansion that left a recognized Georgian architectural legacy for whose construction Bath stone was used.

Bath was recognized as a World Heritage Site by Unesco in 1987. The city has a large variety of theaters, museums and other buildings of cultural importance, which has contributed to its development as a tourist destination, receiving more than 3 each year, 8 million one-day visitors and one million tourists who spend more time in this place There are two universities (the University of Bath and the University of Bath Spa) and numerous secondary and higher education centers.