Wookey Hole Caves

Wookey Hole Caves

Location: Somerset Map

Human habitation: 50,000 years ago

Age of limestone: 400 million years

Known cave vandals: Alexander Pope


Description of Wookey Hole Caves

Wookey Hole Caves are natural underground caverns that are located in a province of Somerset in United Kingdom.  They are classified as sites of special scientific interest for biological and geological reasons.


The Wookey Hole Caves were formed by the erosion of the limestone hills of the Ax River. Formation of Wookey Hole Caves started around 400 million years. Human presence in these tunnel date back to 50,000 years ago, although the most famous visitor was famous poet Alexander Pope who is also the first recorded vandal who took part of geological formations as a memento from the caves. Currently this practice is prohibited for current tourists.


Shortly after leaving the caves, the waters of the Ax River are used in a paper mill. Considered as the oldest existing in Britain, it began its activities around 1610, even if a corn grinding mill operated there from 1086.

The caves are known for the "Witch of Wookey Hole", a humanoid-shaped rock outcrop known to be a witch turned into stone by a Glastonbury monk. These are also one of the pioneering sites for speleological dives in the country. Nearby is the Ebbor Gorge, another site of particular scientific interest.