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Antonine Wall

Antonine Wall

 

 

Location: Central Belt of Scotland  Map

Constructed: 142- 154 AD

 

 

 

 

Description of the Antonine Wall

Antonine Wall is a lesser known Ancient Roman military fortification stretched across Central Belt of Scotland.  Antonine Wall was constructed in 142- 154 AD on the order of Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius. Gradual push inside the island made Hadrian's Wall somewhat obsolete since it didn't protect settlements and fortresses that appeared north of it. The reason for the creation of this fortified limes was to advance the Roman defensive positions, considering that the province of Britania was already safe, in order to guarantee its defense, and in passing subjugate the hostile tribes that lived between both walls, in the lands highlands of southern Caledonia. These tribes of the picts constituted an important threat by their hostility, before which their lands were devastated and a great number of their inhabitants imprisoned and deported to Germania.

 

As the Roman legions left the island in the early 5th century the wall and its fortresses were abandoned. Many of the stones that made them up were reused for other structures by surrounding farmers.

 

Currently it is in worse shape than the Hadrian's Wall. Little remains from its former glory other than impressive earthworks that are still visible in the Scottish countryside. It stretched 58 km from the Forth Estuary, on the east coast of the island over the North Sea, to the Gulf of Clyde, on the west coast over the Irish Sea, along the line of the old forts built by Cneo Julio Agrícola. It was inscribed on the list of World Heritage Sites in 2008 as part of the "Frontiers of the Roman Empire".

 

 

 

 

History

The reason for the creation of this fortified limes was to advance the Roman defensive positions, considering that the province of Britania was already safe, in order to guarantee its defense, and incidentally submit to the hostile tribes that lived between both walls, in the lands High in southern Caledonia . These tribes of the Picts constituted a major threat because of their hostility, to which their lands were ravaged and a large number of their inhabitants imprisoned and deported to Germania .

The wall was not as solid as Adriano's, since it was formed by a wall of peat and rammed earth instead of stone, although it had a pit greater than the first and also had 19 forts and a military path in its southern part . However, the fortification was abandoned after the death of Emperor Antonino Pio, towards 162 , gradually returning the northern tribes to descend. At the death of Emperor Comfortable , possibly in 196 or 197 , when Governor Clodio Albino withdrew much of his garrison by proclaiming himself Emperor and moving to Lugdunum (present-day Lyon), the northern tribes staged a major attack on the Roman borders on the island, which led in 208 to Emperor Septimius Severus to reestablish legions in Antonino's wall, also ordering wall repair operations, so sometimes it is cited as "wall of Septimius Severus."

 

 

 

 

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