Barnard Castle

Barnard Castle


Location: Teesdale, County Durham Map

Constructed: 11th century

Description of Barnard Castle

Barnard Castle is a city in Teesdale, county of Durham, England, where a castle named in the same way is placed. Barnard Castle, gave its name to the city, since the name of the castle comes from the Scottish Barnard de Balliol. Around the castle grew a village of the same man who is now a prosperous and industrial city. The castle has the Tees River to the north, 55 km to the southeast, Newcastle, 48 km to the east, Middlesbrough, and 34 km to the southwest the county of Durham. Apart from the castle there is also the Bowes Museum (Bowes Museum) within the city.


Barnard castle was built in 1125 by Bernard or Barnard de Balliol the old shortly after the conquest of the northern lands of England by the Normans, it had its heyday with Barnard de Balliol the Younger in 1198 and during the second half of the 12th century. Barnard castle passed into the hands of the Balliol family (of which the King of Scotland, John or John Balliol, was the most important member), after that in 1340 Guy de Balliol publicly scolded and insulted his father, for delivering to Scotland to the English, ignoring him as king and even as a father, despising the surname Balliol. Because of this he adopted his grandfather's name Barnard as his new surname and retired to Barnard Castle inherited by his grandfather, he belonged to the Barnard Family. Much later the castle was a flying possession of Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick. King Richard III inherited it through his wife, Anne Neville, but fell into ruins in the seventeenth century. Barnard castle ruins are now under the care of English Heritage.