Caerphilly Castle (Castell Caerffili)


Location: Caerphilly, Wales  Map

Open: 1st April to 31st October 2008 9am- 5pm daily

1st November 2008 to 31st March 2009
9:30am- 4pm Monday to Saturday, 11am- 4pm Sunday


Description of Caerphilly Castle

Caerphilly Castle Layout

Caerphilly Castle is located near a town of Caerphilly just 7 miles (10 km) north of Cardiff in Wales of United Kingdom. Caerphilly Castle is the largest of all castle in all of Wales and second largest in all of Great Britain. Unlike many castle in the region its was not constructed by Edward I, but earl Gilbert de Clare in the years between 1268 and 1271. A descendant of Norman rulers earl had a dispute over lands with Prince of Gwynedd (North Wales) Llywelyn the Last and castle was a good assurance of the claim for these lands. However both rulers probably should have watched their Eastern neighbor Edward I. The last simply took over lands of both rulers and acquired the castle along with new territories.


The castle sat a lot of bloodshed and sieges during its long history. Its unique concentric design (castle surrounded by rings of walls) and artificial lake presented a difficult task for the attackers. However with invention of new weapons and tactics made this stationary military location obsolete and abandoned. It was largely untouched by the English Civil war except probably for leaning tower that the cannon fire managed to tilt, but not destroy. It still remains one of the most notable features at the Caerphilly. Eastern gate house served as a prison for awhile, but it was also abandoned. First restoration attempts started in the late 18th century and continue to this day.