Soberanía National Park (Parque Nacional Soberanía)

Soberanía National Park



Location: Colón, Panamá provinces Map

Area: 55,000 acres (220 km2)

Tel. 500- 0855



Description of Soberanía National Park

The Soberanía National Park is situated 25 km (16 mi) from Panama City in Colón, Panamá provinces in Panama. Nature reserve covers an area of 55,000 acres (220 km2). The Soberanía National Park contains over 525 species of birds, 1300 species of plants, 79 species of reptiles, 55 species of amphibians and 105 species of animals that including agoutis, white- faced capuchin monkeys, Geoffroy's tamarins, mantled howler monkeys, anteaters, two- toed sloths and three- toed sloths and many others. Keep an eye for dangerous poisonous snakes that might be found in the old foliage on the jungle floor.
A network of trails expands throughout the Soberanía National Park. This includes Camino de Cruces, Camino del Oleoducto trail and Camino de la Plantación trail, El Charco trail and many others. The Chagres river or Rio Chagres that flows through the Soberanía National Park was used by the Spanish conquistadors who used this water way for transport of gold and silver from Peru to the Atlantic ocean, where it was loaded on the ships and shipped to Europe. It takes about 5 to 6 hours to hike here. The river banks have a basic campground available for overnight stay. Parts of the old paving stones have been restored to its original condition.


The great diversity of flora and fauna of the park is complemented by the historical and cultural value represented by the conservation of the paved Camino de Cruces, which crosses the park of East and West, and the remains of the town Venta de Cruces. The first was used in colonial times to transport merchandise and treasures from Peru, Baja California and Chile. This was a communication channel that linked the Atlantic with the Pacific, through a narrow path, but made of stones of different sizes, which were stuck in the ground, giving a solidity and firmness that defied the centuries. The Camino de Cruces presented enormous dangers, apart from the possibilities of attacks by criminals, robberies and murders, to which these desperate travelers were exposed. The events that took place in California, with the discovery of gold deposits, in California (1848), determined a resurgence for the intercontinental transport of the immense amount of passengers eager to move to the new paradise. The second Venta de Cruces was a place of rest for adventurers and conquerors who traveled this road for centuries; It was an important point in the Camino de Cruces, here the merchandise was unloaded and transferred to boats to be transported by the Chagres to the sea, or loaded in mule trains, if their destination was Panama.

With an extension of 19545ha., Located on the East Bank of the Panama Canal, covering part of the province of Panama and Colon. (See map) The park was created by Executive Decree N ° 13 of May 27, 1980, and whose objective is the following:
a) Protect and conserve the natural and cultural values ​​of the area. b) Protect your genetic resources. c) Develop Environmental Education and the opportunity for public recreation. d) Provide opportunities for research and scientific activities for purposes. Article 5 of the Park establishes: it is prohibited to occupy the area declared "Soberanía" National Park and the development of agricultural activities, grazing, hunting, felling, burning, gathering and destruction of renewable and cultural resources in it, as well as commercial and labeling. The Park is a natural area of ​​easy terrestrial access from the cities of Panama and Colon. Services: the administrative headquarters is located at the intersection of the Omar Torrijos highway (former Madden or Forestal), with the Gaillard highway, which leads to the town of Gamboa, headquarters of the Dredging Directorate of the Panama Canal Authority. In the administrative headquarters we find the offices of the park, where the visitor is informed and oriented on issues related to it. We also find the houses of Technicians and Park Rangers that has all the basic services, used by the staff that works in the park. This protected area has 5 houses and control posts for park rangers, located in: Unión Veragüense, Aguas Claras, Limón, Agua Salud and Frijoles. Location: The park is located along the eastern margin of the Panama Canal, in the provinces of Panama and Colon and is 25 kilometers away by road from Panama City. Access: It is one of the protected areas of the country with the easiest access, since it is just over half an hour from Panama City. A road that leads to the dam of Madden crosses the humid tropical forests of the park.