Belize

Canada

Caribbean Islands

Costa Rica

Guatemala

Mexico

Nicaragua

Panama

USA

North America

 

 

North America is located in the northern part of the western hemisphere (or northern hemisphere). It borders the Atlantic Ocean on the east, the Pacific Ocean on the west, the Arctic Ocean on the north, and South America by the Panama Canal on the south. North America also includes many islands in the Caribbean Sea (mainly the West Indies). North America covers an area of ​​24.228 million square kilometers (including nearby islands), which accounts for about 16.2% of the total land area of ​​the earth today, and is the third largest continent in the world. The population is 528.72 million (July 2008), ranking 4th in the world.

About 17,000 to 40,000 years ago, humans reached North America for the first time through the Bering Land Bridge (the location of the Bering Strait) during the last ice age. The first people to arrive are called ancient Indians. After Columbus arrived in the Americas in 1492, the Native Americans of North America began contact with the civilizations of Eurasia. The race and culture of North America today reflect the exchange and influence between European colonists, North American natives, African slaves and their descendants. The northern part of North America was strongly influenced by European colonists, while the southern part was relatively more influenced by indigenous people and African culture. Influenced by European colonists, the vast majority of North American residents now speak English, French or Spanish

 

Top Archeological destinations

Altun Ha Archeological Site (Belize)

Like many other Mayan ruins in Belize and Yucatan peninsula in general Altun Ha is a modern name. In local Yucatec Maya language haltun can be translated as a cistern while ha means "water".

 

Caracol (Belize)

Caracol or El Caracol (Spanish for snail) is located 25 miles from a Xunantunich in the Cayo District in Belize. Sitting high above sea level on the Vaca Plateau at 503 meters (1500 ft) this beautiful city was one of the largest Mayan cities and the largest in Belize.

 

El Mirador Archeological Site (Guatemala)

El Mirador is ancient Mayan archeological site situated in El Petén Department in Guatemala. It is one of the largest and oldest of the Mayan sites.

 

 

Tikal (Guatemala)

Tikal is an important Mayan archeological site that gained a title of UNESCO World Heritage Site. Tikal ancient site located in El Petén Department of Guatemala.

 

Chichen Itza (Mexico)

Chichen Itza (from Yucatee Maya: Chichen Itza: “at the mouth of the well of the Itza”) is one of the largest Mayan city in the Northern Yucatan peninsula. Chichen Itza is located not far from another popular tourist destinations as Cancun, Riviera Maya and many others.

 

Coba Archeological Complex (Mexico)

Coba is a large archeological complex of the Mayan civilization dating back to Pre- Columbian period. It is situated close to tourist area on the coast and many tourists come here to climb one of the tallest pyramids in the Mayan World.

 

Palenque (Mexico)

Palenque is a medium sized Mayan city, but it is one of the best preserved and mysterious. Its largest religion building is the Temple of Inscriptions. In the ancient times it served for religious rituals and burial of Pakal, most famous of Palenque's rulers. His sarcophagus is covered by depiction of a man that some people say resembles modern day astronaut in a space capsule.

 

Teotihuacan (Mexico)

The name "Teotihuacan" was given by the Aztec native tribes who spoke Nahuatl language and settled these lands long after the city went into a decline. It is translated as a "the place where the gods were created" since locals believed it was the birthplace of all divinities.

 

Cahokia Mounds (USA)

Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site is a massive settlement of Native Americans in Collinsville in the South Illinois in USA. It is the largest archaeological site North of Mexico.

 

 

Natchez Trace (USA)

Natchez Trace runs from Natchez, Mississippi to Nashville, Tennessee states of United States. The trail is thousands years old and was probably originally trumped by bison and deer. Later Choctaw and Chickasaw connected the road and used as a trade route. Arriving Europeans started using this route and in 1801 US government signed a peace treaty with Choctaw that allowed Europeans passage.

 

Mesa Verde National Park (USA)

Mesa Verde National Park is situated in Montezuma County, Colorado in United States. It is designated as an UNESCO World Heritage Site for the ruined settlement of the Anasazi tribe. This historic reserve covers a total area of 52,485 acres

 

Chaco Culture National Historical Park (USA)

Chaco Culture National Historical Park is situated in San Juan and McKinley Counties, New Mexico in United States. It covers an area of 33,978 acres (13,750 ha) and protects one of the largest and most interesting settlement of the mysterious Anasazi tribe. According to the legends of the Navajo people that took over these lands centuries later, Anasazi simply disappeared in the underground cavers through the crevices.

 

Montezuma Castle (USA)

Montezuma Castle National Monument is located in Yavapai County, Arizona in USA. Montezuma Castle was rediscovered in the late 19th century. It was mistakenly linked to the last Aztec emperor Montezuma II who was killed by the Spaniards in the 16th century.

 

Fort Union National Monument (USA)

Fort Union National Monument is situated in Mora County, New Mexico in United States. It covers an area of 721 acres (292 ha) of the former American fortress that was established on the old frontier. It was originally constructed in 1851.

 

Panama Viejo (Panama)

Panama Viejo is a former old Panama City, those ruins are still visible despite years of negligence and disrepair. Today it is situated in its suburbs of the modern capital of Panama.

 

Cabrits National Park (Dominica)

Cabrits National Park lies on a peninsula that was formed by two extinct volcanoes in the Northeast side of the island just North- West of Portsmouth.

 

 

 

Top Haunted and Abandoned destinations

Barkerville Ghost Town (Canada)

Barkerville Ghost Town is situated in a province of British Columbia in Canada. It was originally found in 1862 and named after prospector William Barker who struck it rich a year earlier founding a large deposit of gold. Although some historians claim that the name of the ghost town is owed to barking of the local packs of wolves.

 

San Lucas Prison (Costa Rica)

San Luca Prison is located on a San Lucas Island (Isla San Lucas) in Province of Puntarenas of Costa Rica. Before the arrival of the Spanish conquistadors the island was believed to be sacred by the local Chara people. Costa Rican turned this island into one of the worst prisons in the country. Numerous inmates died here under inhumane circumstances. Today San Lucas Prison is considered one of the most haunted places not only in Costa Rica, but all over North America.

 

Sanatorio Carlos Duran (Costa Rica)

Sanatorio Carlos Durán Cartín or Sanatorium of Carlos Duran is located 7 km North of Carthage, in the Cartago province of Costa Rica. It stands in the shadow of Irazu Volcano as a testament to human tragedy and charity of those who dedicated themselves to helping others.

 

Paricutin Volcano (Mexico)

Paricutin Volcano is located in the Mexican states of Michoacan. Its sudden eruption in the middle of the 20th century forced several hundred flee the area. Additionally flowing lava from the Paricutin Volcano covered nearby cities, thus preserving them.

Waverly Hills Sanatorium (USA)

Waverly Hills Sanatorium is a massive abandoned hospital that was constructed in 1924 to treat and prevent spread of Tuberculosis. It is located on the outskirts of Louisville in  South- West Louisville/ Jefferson County in Kentucky state. Later it was handed over to Geriatrics medicine in 1962 after first antibiotic streptomycin was invented to treat Mycobacterium tuberculosis, causative bacteria of tuberculosis. It was finally closed in 1980 due to unsatisfactory care for its patients. It is considered to be one of the most haunted places in United States.

 

Trans- Allegheny Lunatic Asylum (USA)

Trans- Allegheny Lunatic Asylum is situated at Asylum Drive, Weston, West Virginia in United States. In the 19th century society in United States began to shift its views on treatment of individuals with mental issues and challenges. In the middle of the century Thomas Kirkbride developed a theory of construction of a Sanatorium with supportive and curative environment for the patients. Over 300 such facilities were constructed across the country. Trans- Allegheny Sanatorium became one such facility.

 

America's Stonehenge (USA)

America's Stonehenge is located near Salem. It is arguable the most mysterious places in USA that is still in the middle of the debates on the age of the construction and its origin.

 

 

Eastern State Penitentiary (USA)

Eastern State Penitentiary is located in the outskirts of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in United States. This prison covers an area of 11 acres (45,000 m2) and was constructed in 1829. It was eventually closed in 1971.

Glenn Dale Hospital (USA)

Glenn Dale Hospital is located in Glenn Dale, Prince Georges County, Maryland just outside of Washington D.C., USA. Glenn Dale Hospital was constructed in 1934 to isolate and treat patients with tuberculosis. In the early 60s Glenn Dale changed its purpose due to improvements in medicine and treatment of the tuberculosis or the "white death". Last 20 years medical center was transformed into a center for chronically and mentally ill patients.

 

Bodie Ghost Town (USA)

Bodie was named after Waterman S. (Bill) Bodey who discovered large gold deposit north of Mono Lake in 1859. Unfortunately for him a winter storm caught him off guard and he froze to death. A mining camp on the gold mine site was named after him. Things were going slow for Bodie until 1875 then a large pocket of precious metal was discovered after an accidental cave in. It quickly swelled to 10,000 residents.

 

Bannerman Castle (USA)

Bannerman Castle is a picturesque structure that implements architecture of the European castle in United States. It is located on small Pollepel Island that covers an area of 6.5 acres in the Hudson river about 50 miles north of New York City. The name of the island of Pollepel is sometimes attributed to a Dutch words that literally means "a wooden spoon", while other claim it is named after a girl named Polly Pell who was stranded on the island once.

 

Saint Elmo Ghost Town (USA)

Saint Elmo Ghost Town located in Colorado is one of the best preserved ghost town in United States. It was originally found by gold prospectors in 1880. Initially called Forrest City due to heavy forested area this city changed its name due to objections at the post office. California already had a city by this name, thus a under a new name it was incorporated as a Saint Elmo after a popular novel of the time. At its peak this city had population of 2000.

 

Pennhurst Insane Asylum (USA)

Pennhurst Insane Asylum is located in Spring City in a state of Pennsylvania, United States. Pennsylvania Legislature authorized funds to construct a large complex that became known as Eastern Pennsylvania State Institution for the Feeble-Minded and Epileptic. Pennhurst State School and Hospital was completed in 1908 with intention to help physically and mentally disabled individuals to some degree of rehabilitation.

 

Peoria State Hospital (USA)

Peoria State Hospital also known as Illinois Asylum for the Incurable Insane or Bartonville State Hospital is situated in Bartonville, Illinois. It was constructed in 1895-1910. It was closed in 1972 and have been abandoned since then.

 

Ohio State Reformatory (USA)

Ohio State Reformatory is a former prison situate in a small town of Mansfield, Ohio Despite it small size made history as a filming location of The Shawshank Redemption (1994). Besides the Ohio State Reformatory claims to be one of the most haunted locations in United States.

Villisca Axe Murders (USA)

Villisca Axe Murders House in Villisca, Iowa is a famous site of a gruesome murder of the whole family that occurred here on June 10, 1912.

 

 

 

Top Natural Reserves destinations

 

Devil's Lake (USA)

Devil's Lake is located just two miles south of Baraboo, Wisconsin on the South Range of the Baraboo hills. Devil’s lake got it’s name from the Ho- Chunk nation. Native Americans believed that during their rituals a voice was heard coming from a lake. These celebrations are still held annually. At the south end of the lake there is a burial mount in a form of a giant bird that spreads its wings.  More

 

Porcupine State Park (USA)

Porcupine State Park is a wilderness area in the Porcupine mountains, named so by the Ojibwa tribe due to silhouette of the range. On the northern side it is bordered by lake Superior. Besides it has two small lakes. The first one is Lake of the Clouds and it is clearly visible from the observation point. Another lake is Mirror lake that is accessible by foot. It is less crowded and camping on its shore is pleasant and secluded. More

Monument Valley Navajo Tribal Park (USA)

Monument Valley Navajo Tribal Park is located in a state of Arizona in USA. This iconic nature reserve became synonymous with American West. More

  

 

Physical Geography
Terrain
The continental coastline is about 60,000 kilometers long. The northern, northern and eastern coasts of the west are more tortuous, with many islands and fjords; the southern half of the coast is relatively straight. The total area of ​​the peninsula is approximately 2.1 million square kilometers. The total area of ​​the island is about 4 million square kilometers, ranking first among all continents, among which Greenland is the largest island in the world.

Plains and hills on the continent account for about 42% of the total area, plateaus and mountains above 500 meters above sea level account for about 58%, and the average elevation is about 700 meters. The basic feature of the continental topography is that the north-south mountains are distributed on the east and west sides parallel to the coast, and the great plains are distributed in the middle. The terrain is clearly divided into three zones:

Eastern mountains and plateaus
To the north of the St. Lawrence River is the Labrador Plateau , and to the south is the Appalachian Mountains . The terrain is high in the south and low in the north. The elevation is generally 300 to 500 meters. There is a narrow coastal plain along the Atlantic Ocean on the east side of the Appalachian Mountains, and the west side gradually descends to meet the central plain.

Central Plains
Located between the Labrador Plateau-Appalachian Mountains and the Rocky Mountains, from the Hudson Bay in the north to the Gulf of Mexico in the south , running through the middle of the mainland. There are many lakes and rapids in the northern part of the plain, and the Mischipil Plain in the south. The western part of the plain is the world famous Great Plain .

Western mountains and plateaus
It belongs to the northern section of the Cordillera Mountain System, stretching from Alaska to the south of Mexico, and mainly includes three parallel mountains, from east to west: Rocky Mountains, Alaska Mountains-Canadian Coastal Mountains-Cascade Range-Sierra Nevada, The western coastal islands of Canada-the coastal mountains of the United States, of which Denali Peak in the Alaska Range is 6,194 meters above sea level, the highest peak in North America. Between the eastern and central mountain plateau mountains and basins, USA , California, Death Valley National Park in the Badwater Basin is the lowest point in North America.

Climate
North America straddles tropical , temperate , and frigid zones , and the climate is complex and diverse. Since all mountains are north-south or nearly north-south, the humid air from the Pacific Ocean only reaches the western coastal areas; the cold air from the Arctic Ocean can pass through the Central Plain to the south; the humid air from the tropical Atlantic Ocean can also pass through the Central Plain. Going deep into the north, the climate in North America is very unstable. Winter is sometimes cold and sometimes warm. In the subtropical areas along the Gulf of Mexico , severe cold and snow will also occur in winter.

Hydrology
The outflow area of ​​North America accounts for about 88% of the continent's area, of which the Atlantic basin accounts for about 48% of the continent, and the Pacific basin accounts for about 20%. Except for the St. Lawrence River , all major rivers originated in the Rocky Mountains. Rivers east of the Rocky Mountains flow into the Atlantic and Arctic Oceans, and rivers to the west flow into the Pacific Ocean. The inflow area (including the no-flow area) accounts for about 12% of the continent's area, mainly distributed in the western United States and Greenland.

The Mississippi River is the largest river in North America and the fourth largest river in the world in terms of length. Important rivers are: Mackenzie River , Yukon River , St. Lawrence River and Rio Grande River . There are many waterfalls on the rivers of North America. The largest waterfall is Yosemite Falls , with a drop of 700 meters; Niagara Falls , with a drop of 51 meters and a width of 1,240 meters.

There are many lakes in North America. The total area of ​​freshwater lakes is about 400,000 square kilometers, ranking first in all continents. The lakes are mainly distributed in the northern half of the continent. Central Plateau region of the Great Lakes : Lake Superior , Lake Huron , Lake Michigan , Lake Erie , Lake Ontario , with a total area of 245,273 square kilometers, is the world's largest freshwater lake group, there is "North of the Mediterranean," said. Among them, Lake Superior is the world's largest freshwater lake.

Population

The population distribution across the continent is very uneven, with most of the population distributed in the coastal areas of the southeast and southwest. The vast northern areas and the inland areas of the western United States are sparsely populated, and some places are even uninhabited. Residents are mainly descendants of immigrants from Europe , of which Anglo-Saxons are the most, followed by blacks , Indians , mixed races , and a small number of Jews , Japanese and Chinese . Mainly believe in Protestantism and Catholicism . General English and Spanish . Eight of the 10 most populous metropolitan areas in North America are in the United States.

Economy
According to statistics from the International Monetary Fund in 2016, the per capita GDP of North America is US$41,830, which is the continent with the highest per capita GDP in the world.

Canada, Mexico, and the United States all have prosperous and diversified economies. The United States is the largest economy among these three countries, and it is now (2018) the largest economy in the world. According to statistics from the World Bank, the per capita GDP (purchasing power evaluation) of the United States reached 57,466 US dollars in 2018. The first, second and tertiary industries of the United States accounted for 1.2%, 22% and 77% of the GDP respectively. Canada has high-growth services, mining and manufacturing. Canada’s per capita GDP (purchasing power evaluation) is estimated at $xx, making it the 11th largest economy in the world. Canada’s primary, secondary, and tertiary industries account for 2%, 20% and 80% of GDP, respectively. Mexico is the 15th largest economy in the world. As a newly industrialized country, Mexico's modern and traditional industries and agriculture coexist. Its main income comes from oil exports, manufacturing, electronics, heavy industry, automobiles, construction, food, banking and financial services. The North American economy can be divided into three regions: the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), the Caribbean Community and Common Market (CARICOM), and the Central American Common Market (CACM). In addition to these large-scale trade agreements, there are many other trade agreements between countries.

Administrative district
There are 23 countries in North America , of which 2 are in North America , 8 are in Central America (the United Nations Geographical Program considers Mexico to be part of Central America), and 13 are in the West Indies .

In addition there are 22 in North America have not yet independent overseas territories , belong to the United Kingdom (6), France (6), Netherlands (6), United States (3) and Denmark (1), which under the French Klee Perton Island and Navassa Island, part of the United States, are desert islands with impermanent residents .