Ermak Travel Guide


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North America

Welcome to North America Travel Guide!






The North America is a subcontinent with an area of more than 24 million km 2. It is located in the northern hemisphere between the Arctic, Atlantic and Pacific oceans and north of South America. The highest peak in North America is Mount McKinley in Alaska at 6,194 m above sea level.


Top Archeological destinations

Altun Ha Archeological Site (Belize)

Like many other Mayan ruins in Belize and Yucatan peninsula in general Altun Ha is a modern name. In local Yucatec Maya language haltun can be translated as a cistern while ha means "water".


Caracol (Belize)

Caracol or El Caracol (Spanish for snail) is located 25 miles from a Xunantunich in the Cayo District in Belize. Sitting high above sea level on the Vaca Plateau at 503 meters (1500 ft) this beautiful city was one of the largest Mayan cities and the largest in Belize.


El Mirador Archeological Site (Guatemala)

El Mirador is ancient Mayan archeological site situated in El Petén Department in Guatemala. It is one of the largest and oldest of the Mayan sites.



Tikal (Guatemala)

Tikal is an important Mayan archeological site that gained a title of UNESCO World Heritage Site. Tikal ancient site located in El Petén Department of Guatemala.


Chichen Itza (Mexico)

Chichen Itza (from Yucatee Maya: Chichen Itza: “at the mouth of the well of the Itza”) is one of the largest Mayan city in the Northern Yucatan peninsula. Chichen Itza is located not far from another popular tourist destinations as Cancun, Riviera Maya and many others.


Coba Archeological Complex (Mexico)

Coba is a large archeological complex of the Mayan civilization dating back to Pre- Columbian period. It is situated close to tourist area on the coast and many tourists come here to climb one of the tallest pyramids in the Mayan World.


Palenque (Mexico)

Palenque is a medium sized Mayan city, but it is one of the best preserved and mysterious. Its largest religion building is the Temple of Inscriptions. In the ancient times it served for religious rituals and burial of Pakal, most famous of Palenque's rulers. His sarcophagus is covered by depiction of a man that some people say resembles modern day astronaut in a space capsule.


Teotihuacan (Mexico)

The name "Teotihuacan" was given by the Aztec native tribes who spoke Nahuatl language and settled these lands long after the city went into a decline. It is translated as a "the place where the gods were created" since locals believed it was the birthplace of all divinities.


Cahokia Mounds (USA)

Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site is a massive settlement of Native Americans in Collinsville in the South Illinois in USA. It is the largest archaeological site North of Mexico.



Natchez Trace (USA)

Natchez Trace runs from Natchez, Mississippi to Nashville, Tennessee states of United States. The trail is thousands years old and was probably originally trumped by bison and deer. Later Choctaw and Chickasaw connected the road and used as a trade route. Arriving Europeans started using this route and in 1801 US government signed a peace treaty with Choctaw that allowed Europeans passage.


Mesa Verde National Park (USA)

Mesa Verde National Park is situated in Montezuma County, Colorado in United States. It is designated as an UNESCO World Heritage Site for the ruined settlement of the Anasazi tribe. This historic reserve covers a total area of 52,485 acres


Chaco Culture National Historical Park (USA)

Chaco Culture National Historical Park is situated in San Juan and McKinley Counties, New Mexico in United States. It covers an area of 33,978 acres (13,750 ha) and protects one of the largest and most interesting settlement of the mysterious Anasazi tribe. According to the legends of the Navajo people that took over these lands centuries later, Anasazi simply disappeared in the underground cavers through the crevices.


Montezuma Castle (USA)

Montezuma Castle National Monument is located in Yavapai County, Arizona in USA. Montezuma Castle was rediscovered in the late 19th century. It was mistakenly linked to the last Aztec emperor Montezuma II who was killed by the Spaniards in the 16th century.


Fort Union National Monument (USA)

Fort Union National Monument is situated in Mora County, New Mexico in United States. It covers an area of 721 acres (292 ha) of the former American fortress that was established on the old frontier. It was originally constructed in 1851.


Panama Viejo (Panama)

Panama Viejo is a former old Panama City, those ruins are still visible despite years of negligence and disrepair. Today it is situated in its suburbs of the modern capital of Panama.


Cabrits National Park (Dominica)

Cabrits National Park lies on a peninsula that was formed by two extinct volcanoes in the Northeast side of the island just North- West of Portsmouth.




Top Haunted and Abandoned destinations

Barkerville Ghost Town (Canada)

Barkerville Ghost Town is situated in a province of British Columbia in Canada. It was originally found in 1862 and named after prospector William Barker who struck it rich a year earlier founding a large deposit of gold. Although some historians claim that the name of the ghost town is owed to barking of the local packs of wolves.


San Lucas Prison (Costa Rica)

San Luca Prison is located on a San Lucas Island (Isla San Lucas) in Province of Puntarenas of Costa Rica. Before the arrival of the Spanish conquistadors the island was believed to be sacred by the local Chara people. Costa Rican turned this island into one of the worst prisons in the country. Numerous inmates died here under inhumane circumstances. Today San Lucas Prison is considered one of the most haunted places not only in Costa Rica, but all over North America.


Sanatorio Carlos Duran (Costa Rica)

Sanatorio Carlos Durán Cartín or Sanatorium of Carlos Duran is located 7 km North of Carthage, in the Cartago province of Costa Rica. It stands in the shadow of Irazu Volcano as a testament to human tragedy and charity of those who dedicated themselves to helping others.


Paricutin Volcano (Mexico)

Paricutin Volcano is located in the Mexican states of Michoacan. Its sudden eruption in the middle of the 20th century forced several hundred flee the area. Additionally flowing lava from the Paricutin Volcano covered nearby cities, thus preserving them.

Waverly Hills Sanatorium (USA)

Waverly Hills Sanatorium is a massive abandoned hospital that was constructed in 1924 to treat and prevent spread of Tuberculosis. It is located on the outskirts of Louisville in  South- West Louisville/ Jefferson County in Kentucky state. Later it was handed over to Geriatrics medicine in 1962 after first antibiotic streptomycin was invented to treat Mycobacterium tuberculosis, causative bacteria of tuberculosis. It was finally closed in 1980 due to unsatisfactory care for its patients. It is considered to be one of the most haunted places in United States.


Trans- Allegheny Lunatic Asylum (USA)

Trans- Allegheny Lunatic Asylum is situated at Asylum Drive, Weston, West Virginia in United States. In the 19th century society in United States began to shift its views on treatment of individuals with mental issues and challenges. In the middle of the century Thomas Kirkbride developed a theory of construction of a Sanatorium with supportive and curative environment for the patients. Over 300 such facilities were constructed across the country. Trans- Allegheny Sanatorium became one such facility.


America's Stonehenge (USA)

America's Stonehenge is located near Salem. It is arguable the most mysterious places in USA that is still in the middle of the debates on the age of the construction and its origin.



Eastern State Penitentiary (USA)

Eastern State Penitentiary is located in the outskirts of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in United States. This prison covers an area of 11 acres (45,000 m2) and was constructed in 1829. It was eventually closed in 1971.

Glenn Dale Hospital (USA)

Glenn Dale Hospital is located in Glenn Dale, Prince Georges County, Maryland just outside of Washington D.C., USA. Glenn Dale Hospital was constructed in 1934 to isolate and treat patients with tuberculosis. In the early 60s Glenn Dale changed its purpose due to improvements in medicine and treatment of the tuberculosis or the "white death". Last 20 years medical center was transformed into a center for chronically and mentally ill patients.


Bodie Ghost Town (USA)

Bodie was named after Waterman S. (Bill) Bodey who discovered large gold deposit north of Mono Lake in 1859. Unfortunately for him a winter storm caught him off guard and he froze to death. A mining camp on the gold mine site was named after him. Things were going slow for Bodie until 1875 then a large pocket of precious metal was discovered after an accidental cave in. It quickly swelled to 10,000 residents.


Bannerman Castle (USA)

Bannerman Castle is a picturesque structure that implements architecture of the European castle in United States. It is located on small Pollepel Island that covers an area of 6.5 acres in the Hudson river about 50 miles north of New York City. The name of the island of Pollepel is sometimes attributed to a Dutch words that literally means "a wooden spoon", while other claim it is named after a girl named Polly Pell who was stranded on the island once.


Saint Elmo Ghost Town (USA)

Saint Elmo Ghost Town located in Colorado is one of the best preserved ghost town in United States. It was originally found by gold prospectors in 1880. Initially called Forrest City due to heavy forested area this city changed its name due to objections at the post office. California already had a city by this name, thus a under a new name it was incorporated as a Saint Elmo after a popular novel of the time. At its peak this city had population of 2000.


Pennhurst Insane Asylum (USA)

Pennhurst Insane Asylum is located in Spring City in a state of Pennsylvania, United States. Pennsylvania Legislature authorized funds to construct a large complex that became known as Eastern Pennsylvania State Institution for the Feeble-Minded and Epileptic. Pennhurst State School and Hospital was completed in 1908 with intention to help physically and mentally disabled individuals to some degree of rehabilitation.


Peoria State Hospital (USA)

Peoria State Hospital also known as Illinois Asylum for the Incurable Insane or Bartonville State Hospital is situated in Bartonville, Illinois. It was constructed in 1895-1910. It was closed in 1972 and have been abandoned since then.


Ohio State Reformatory (USA)

Ohio State Reformatory is a former prison situate in a small town of Mansfield, Ohio Despite it small size made history as a filming location of The Shawshank Redemption (1994). Besides the Ohio State Reformatory claims to be one of the most haunted locations in United States.

Villisca Axe Murders (USA)

Villisca Axe Murders House in Villisca, Iowa is a famous site of a gruesome murder of the whole family that occurred here on June 10, 1912.










Top Natural Reserves destinations


Devil's Lake (USA)

Devil's Lake is located just two miles south of Baraboo, Wisconsin on the South Range of the Baraboo hills. Devil’s lake got it’s name from the Ho- Chunk nation. Native Americans believed that during their rituals a voice was heard coming from a lake. These celebrations are still held annually. At the south end of the lake there is a burial mount in a form of a giant bird that spreads its wings.  More


Porcupine State Park (USA)

Porcupine State Park is a wilderness area in the Porcupine mountains, named so by the Ojibwa tribe due to silhouette of the range. On the northern side it is bordered by lake Superior. Besides it has two small lakes. The first one is Lake of the Clouds and it is clearly visible from the observation point. Another lake is Mirror lake that is accessible by foot. It is less crowded and camping on its shore is pleasant and secluded. More

Monument Valley Navajo Tribal Park (USA)

Monument Valley Navajo Tribal Park is located in a state of Arizona in USA. This iconic nature reserve became synonymous with American West. More