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Theodore Roosevelt National Park

Theodore Roosevelt National Park







Description of Theodore Roosevelt National Park

Location: Billings County/ McKenzie County  Map

Area: 70,448 acres (285 km²)


Theodore Roosevelt National Park is situated in Billings County and McKenzie Counties in a state of North Dakota in United States. Theodore Roosevelt National Park covers an area of 70,448 acres (285 km²). The largest, the South Unit, is located off Interstate 94 near Medora. The smaller North Unit is 130 km away North of the South Unit, next to the U.S. Route 85 or Route 85, south of Watford City. Elkhorn Ranch is located between the north and south units, approximately 32 km west of Route 85 and Fairfield. The Little Missouri River flows through the three park units while the Maah Daah Hey trail connects the three.


Theodore Roosevelt National Park is divided into three units: South Unit, North Unit and the Elkhorn Ranch Unit. The terrain of the park includes badlands, open prairie, hard wood draws. It is home to bison, prairie dogs and many other wildlife species. The Little Missouri River runs through the park.

Visitor Information - Park Headquarters, (701) 623-4466.
Visitor Information - North Unit, (701) 842-2333.
Visitor Information - South Unit, (701) 623-4730 ext. 3417.
If visiting multiple sites in one day, remember that the North Unit is in the Central Time Zone, while the South Unit follows Mountain Time.




Connection with Roosevelt
Roosevelt arrived in North Dakota for the first time in September 1883 to hunt bison. During this first short trip he managed to hunt animals and fell in love with the harsh lifestyle and the "perfect freedom" of the West. He invested $ 14,000 at the Maltese Cross Ranch that was being managed by Sylvane Ferris and Bill Merrifield seven miles south of Medora and that winter Ferris and Merrifield built the Maltese Cross cabin. After the death of his wife and mother on the same day, February 14, 1884, Teddy Roosevelt returned to his ranch in North Dakota seeking solitude and time to heal. That summer he began the construction of his second ranch, Elkhorn Ranch, 35 miles north of Medora for which he hired two Maine lumberjacks, Bill Sewall and Wilmot Dow, to take care of them. Teddy Roosevelt developed a great interest in his ranches and hunting in the West and detailed his experiences in articles published in eastern newspapers and magazines. He wrote three important works about his life in the West: Ranch Life and the Hunting Trail, Hunting Trips of a Ranchman and The Wilderness Hunter. the wild lands).

The risks and efforts of his "exhausting" life in the wild and the loss of his livestock during the winter of the famine of 1886-1887 were very influential in the initiatives for conservation that Theodore Roosevelt developed as president of the United States (1901 -1909).


After the death of Theodore Roosevelt in 1919 explorations were carried out in the Badlands of Little Missouri to determine possible locations of a park. Camps of the Civil Conservation Corps were set up in the future units of the park between 1934 and 1941 and roads and other structures that are still used today were built. The area received the designation of Roosevelt Recreation Demonstration Area in 1935. It came under the control of the United States Fish and Wildlife Service under the name of Theodore Roosevelt National Wildlife Refuge (national refuge for wildlife) and on 25 April 1947 President Truman established Theodore Roosevelt National Memorial Park, the first and only National Memorial Park established in the history of the country. In 1978, already with the addition of the modifications in its limits and the inclusion of 121,1 km2 of Theodore Roosevelt Wilderness (wild area), the name of the zone happened to be national park Theodore Roosevelt.



Fees and permits

Entrance fees are good for seven days and allow entry into all units of the park:
$20 per vehicle for private vehicles.
$15 per motorcycle.
$10 per person travelling on foot, horse, or by bike.
An annual pass that grants unlimited entry to Theodore Roosevelt National Park for one year costs $40.

There are several passes for groups traveling together in a private vehicle or individuals on foot or on bike. These passes provide free entry at national parks and national wildlife refuges, and also cover standard amenity fees at national forests and grasslands, and at lands managed by the Bureau of Land Management and Bureau of Reclamation. These passes are valid at all national parks including Theodore Roosevelt National Park:

The $80 Annual Pass (valid for twelve months from date of issue) can be purchased by anyone. Military personnel can obtain a free annual pass in person at a federal recreation site by showing a Common Access Card (CAC) or Military ID.
U.S. citizens or permanent residents age 62 or over can obtain a Senior Pass (valid for the life of the holder) in person at a federal recreation site for $80, or through the mail for $90; applicants must provide documentation of citizenship and age. This pass also provides a fifty percent discount on some park amenities. Seniors can also obtain a $20 annual pass.
U.S. citizens or permanent residents with permanent disabilities can obtain an Access Pass (valid for the life of the holder) in person at a federal recreation site at no charge, or through the mail for $10; applicants must provide documentation of citizenship and permanent disability. This pass also provides a fifty percent discount on some park amenities.
Individuals who have volunteered 250 or more hours with federal agencies that participate in the Interagency Pass Program can receive a free Volunteer Pass.
4th graders can receive an Annual 4th Grade Pass that allows free entry for the duration of the 4th grade school year (September-August) to the bearer and any accompanying passengers in a private non-commercial vehicle. Registration at the Every Kid in a Park website is required.
In 2018 the National Park Service will offer four days on which entry is free for all national parks: January 15 (Martin Luther King Jr. Day), April 21 (1st Day of NPS Week), September 22 (National Public Lands Day), and November 11 (Veterans Day weekend).





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