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Fort Ticonderoga

Fort Ticonderoga

 

 

 

 

 

 

Description of Fort Ticonderoga

Location: 100 Fort Ti Rd, Ticonderoga, NY  Map
Area: 21,950 acres
Tel. (518) 585-2821
Open: 9:30am- 5pm
Architect: Marquis de Lotbinière

 

+1 518 585-2821, e-mail: fort@fort-ticonderoga.org. Route 74. Daily mid-May to mid-Oct. 9AM-5PM. Restored 18th century fort with exhibits and reenactments. No pets, no camera tripods. Adults $12, seniors $10.80, ages 7-12 $6. World-renowned museum and historic restored fort on scenic Lake Champlain. Site of major victories in the French & Indian War and American Revolution. Restored King's Garden, Military Garrison Garden, Children’s Garden, and Native American Garden. Hands-on kids programs daily. Fife & Drum Corps and artillery demos daily July and August. Encampments and special events throughout the season. Museum store, restaurant, picnics, easy drive from Lake Placid.

 

Fort Ticonderoga is a French citadel constructed in 1755- 58 in Ticonderoga, New York State in United States. Fort Ticonderoga was designed by Marquis de Lotbinière and covers an area of 21,950 acres. Fort Ticonderoga, called Fort Carillon from 1755 to 1759, is a large fort built by the French in the eighteenth century at the southern end of Lake Champlain in New France, in present-day New York, United States. It was built by Michel Chartier de Lotbinière, lieutenant and ordinary engineer of the king, from 1755 to 1757, during the Seven Years' War. The name "Ticonderoga" comes from the Iroquois "tekontaró: ken", meaning "at the junction of two rivers".

Fort Ticonderoga controls a portage point on the 6-km-long La Rivière River between Lake George and Lake Champlain, which is followed by several rapids. It was a strategically important portage on commercial routes between the British-controlled Hudson Basin and the French-controlled St. Lawrence River Basin. Nicknamed "the key of the continent", it was the scene of several battles between French and British and between British and Americans, during the American Revolutionary War.

The battle of Fort Carillon in 1758 saw 4,000 French victoriously repel the assault of 16,000 British soldiers. In 1759, the British hunt a symbolic French garrison, occupying a height threatening the fort. In May 1775, during the American Revolutionary War, the Green Mountain Boys militia and some other groups seized the fort during a surprise attack led by Ethan Allen and Benedict Arnold. The captured guns were transported to Boston, where their deployment allows the capture of the city by the patriots in March 1776. The Americans hold the fort until June 1777, when the British general John Burgoyne occupies again the heights surrounding the fort, forcing the Continental Army to evacuate Ticonderoga and its defenses. The only direct attack of the fort took place in October 1777, when John Brown, at the head of 500 Americans, tries to seize it, against one hundred defenders.

Shortly after, the British abandoned Fort Ticonderoga after the failure of the Saratoga campaign and he ceased to have military utility after 1781 and the end of the war. It is gradually falling into ruins, as its building materials, such as stone, wood or metal, are reused by the inhabitants of the region. It became a tourist attraction during the nineteenth century and its owners restored it in the early twentieth century. It now houses a museum and a research center, managed by a foundation.

 

 

 

Fort Ticonderoga

Fort Ticonderoga

 

 

 

 

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