Niagara Falls is one of the most powerful and
picturesque waterfalls in the World. Niagara Falls is situated on the
border between United States and Canada. You can view majestic cascades of Niagara Falls
from the Prospect Point Observation Tower (240 feet or 73 meters high) or take a
closer look of the base by taking an elevator ride of Cave of the Winds. You can
also rent a boat ride on a Maid of the Mist and take a look at both series of
cascades, one American and a Horseshoe Basin on the Canadian side. The falls are
particularly beautiful at night. Electricity generated by Niagara Power Project
illuminates the waters of the fall.
Humans tried to conquer Niagara Falls since at least the 30's of
the 19th century. Various dare devils went over a cliff, hidden in the barrel,
others walked the tightrope stretched across the abyss. Those who survived often
were hit by a hefty fine, others perished in turbulent waters and sharp rock of
the Niagara Falls.
The international boundary runs approximately
through the middle of the Horseshoe Falls, the largest of the three.
Despite this, the Horseshoe Falls are often called the "Canadian
Falls". The American Falls, the Bridal Veil Falls and the two
islands are in the USA. See the individual city articles Niagara
Falls (Ontario) and Niagara Falls (New York) for local listings for
With four to six million cubic feet (168,000 m³)
of water falling every minute, the combined falls form the highest
flow rate of any waterfall in the world. Horseshoe Falls is the most
powerful waterfall in North America, based on its exceptionally-high
flow rate and a vertical drop of more than 165 feet (50 m). While
not exceptionally high, the Niagara Falls are very wide. Renowned
for their beauty, they serve as a huge source of hydroelectric power
and are well illuminated at night.
Niagara serves as gateway
to attractions in the surrounding Niagara Region, including wineries
and the Shaw Festival at Niagara-on-the-Lake.
There are two
road bridges at Niagara Falls, plus one at Lewiston-Queenston and
one in Buffalo; these four crossings are usually very busy as they
By motorcar, Niagara is a relatively easy day
trip from Toronto (75 miles, 121 km) or Buffalo (17 miles, 27 km).
By rail, it was one of the few places where a bridge could carry a
locomotive across the Canadian border during the Underground
Railroad era of the 1850s; Amtrak/VIA still use Niagara as a rail
border crossing for passengers from New York City on the "Maple
Leaf" to Toronto. "GO" commuter trains on the
Oshawa-Toronto-Hamilton "Lakeshore" mainline are extended to Niagara
on weekends in high season, but do not cross the border.