The Corkscrew Swamp Sanctuary is a nature reserve
in the Western Everglades near the city of Naples and Bonita Springs
in Collier County. The nature reserve was established in 1954 to
protect the cypresses and is home to the largest stock of 400 to 700
year old cypresses in the US. Overall, the Corkscrew Swamp Nature
Reserve has an area of approximately 52.6 km² with a variety of
animal species. This area is managed by the National Audubon
A boardwalk of a little over 3 km (1.9 mi) length
provides walking access through pine flatwoods, wet prairie, stands
of pond cypress and bald cypress, and marsh ecosystems within the
sanctuary. Getting off the walkway is dangerous. In 2017, some parts
of the boardwalk were damaged by bald cypress trees knocked over by
Hurricane Irma. Most of the damage was repaired, but several small
sections have been permanently closed.
The sanctuary is a
gateway site for the Great Florida Birding Trail. It is an important
breeding area for the endangered wood stork and other wetland birds.
It also has wintering passerines, including the painted bunting.
Numerous wading bird species can be found in the wetlands of the
sanctuary, including the yellow-crowned night heron, black-crowned
night heron, tricolored heron, great egret, and snowy egret.
Specialist birds include limpkin, barred owl and, in summer,
swallow-tailed kite. The nature reserve shows various landscape areas,
the pine highlands, wet meadows, the cypress forest, the wetland and
the lettuce lake.
Hares, snakes, lizards and various species
of birds live in the Corkscrew Swamp Nature Reserve. Even endangered
bird species such as the wood stork have their habitat there.