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Fort Donelson National Battlefield

Fort Donelson National Battlefield







Description of Fort Donelson National Battlefield

Location: Dover, Tennessee  Map

Area: 1,007 acres (408 ha)

Official site


Fort Donelson National Battlefield cover are of two Confederate forts Donelson and Heiman that stand overlooking Cumberland river in Dover, Tennessee. It was captured in February 1962 by Union general Ulysses S. Grant and Admiral Andrew Hull Foote which secured a major water highway necessary for victory in the Civil War. It was here that obscure and largely unknown Grant gained his nickname of "Unconditional Surrender" by his first two initials of U.S. The battle resulted in 800 killed and over 3000 wounded soldiers on both sides.


Union Army Brigadier General Ulysses S. Grant and Union Navy officer Andrew Hull Foote managed to capture the three Confederate fortresses, thus opening the Tennessee (river) and the Cumberland (river) to control the Union. The commanders received national recognition for their victories in February 1862 as they were the first major union achievements in the American Civil War. The capture of Fort Donelson and its garrison on the part led to the conquest of the capital and industrial center of Tennessee, Nashville, which remained in the hands of the Union from February 25, 1862 until the end of the war, giving effective control over much of the State.

This event will cause a blow to the Confederate States of America at the beginning of the conflict. The main part of the park located in Dover (Tennessee), mainly commemorates the battle of Fort Donelson. Fort Heiman, in the nearby county of Calloway, was a Confederate artillery battery active during the Battle of Fort Henry.



Union Commanders

Brig. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant


Flag Off. Andrew Hull Foote



Confederate Commanders

Brig. Gen. John B. Floyd


Brig. Gen. Gideon J. Pillow


Brig. Gen. Simon B. Buckner



Fort Donelson National Battlefield preserves much of the original battle site, including the river batteries and the eroded remains of the fort, but the area in which the Confederate States Army attacked on February 15, 1862, is largely in private hands and occupied by residential development. The Cumberland River was dammed in the 1960s; this area is currently referred to as Lake Barkley. It covers an area roughly similar to the original river while at flood stage, as it was during the battle. The Civil War Trust (a division of the American Battlefield Trust) and its partners have acquired and preserved 368 acres (1.49 km2) of the battlefield, most of which has been conveyed to the NPS and incorporated into the battlefield park.


Dover Hotel


Former headquarters of Brig. Gen. John B. Floyd and site of final surrender

Fort Donelson National Cemetery


Fort Donelson National Cemetery covers 15.34 acres (62,080 m2) and contains 670 grave sites of Union soldiers









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