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Trail of Tears

Trail of Tears






Description of the Trail of Tears

Location: Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Illinois, Kentucky, Missouri, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Tennessee


Trail of Tears is historic term given to several paths that were used by the native tribes of Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Muscogee Creek, and Seminole during forceful relocation to a state of Oklahoma in 1831. Many suffered from disease, starvation, disease and robbers along the way. Approximately 60,000 to 130,000 natives and 2000 African Americans died along Trail of Tears.





The Trail of Tears refers to the forced transfer of the Choctaw in 1831 and the Cheroke in 1838 to the West of the United States by the imposition of the Americans. As a result of this migration, an estimated 4000 Cherokee Indians were killed. In the Cherokee language, this event is designated as "Nunna daul Isunyi", which in English could be translated as "the road where we cry".

It was the result of the application of the Treaty of New Echota, an agreement signed under the provisions of the Indian Removal Act of 1830, which exchanged Amerindian territories in the east for others west of the Mississippi River, but which was never accepted by elected leaders. The tribe or the majority of the Cherokee people did in fact exercise a law by which the Amerindians could remain in the states of Georgia and Florida, where the Indian Removal Act was temporarily annulled as the Cherokee protested the said act in the courts. Despite this, President Martin Van Buren ignored the law, sending federal troops to gather some 17,000 Cherokees in camps before being sent to the West. Most of the deaths occurred due to weather conditions, racial harassment of the Americans and poor planning on food and shelter by the government. After bringing them together, the US Armed Forces they played a limited role in the journey itself, with the Cherokee Nation taking over the majority of the emigration.

The Cherokees were not the only Native Americans who were forced to emigrate in those years, and therefore the phrase Trail of Tears is sometimes used to refer to similar events suffered by other indigenous peoples, especially by the Five Civilized Tribes. In fact, the phrase itself may have originated as a description for the transfer of the Choctaw Nation.




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