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Aztec Ruins National Monument

Aztec Ruins National Monument




Location: San Juan County   Map

Area: 318 acres (1.3 km2)

Constructed: 11th- 13th centuries




Description of Aztec Ruins National Monument

Aztec Ruins National Monument is situated in San Juan County, New Mexico in United States.  It is located near the city of Aztec and northeast of Farmington, near the Animas River. The Salmon ruins and Heritage Park, with more ancestral structures, are located a short distance to the south, just west of Bloomfueld and near the San Juan River.


Aztec Ruins National Monument covers an area of 318 acres (1.3 km2) and protects ruins of the Anasazi settlement that was created between 11th and 13th centuries. Its name is derived from a mistaken romantic belief that it belonged to the Aztec tribes. Early European settlers that initially stumbled on the ruins of the settlement assumed that it belonged to the Aztec civilization that spread their great empire to the American Southwest. Aztec Ruins were added to the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites.


The place was declared a National Monument of the Aztec Ruins on January 24, 1923 by Presidential proclamation of Warren G. Harding, and with a change of boundaries it was renamed "ruins" on July 2, 1928. As a historical property of the Service of National Parks, the national monument was listed administratively in the National Register of Historic Places on October 15, 1966. The Aztec Ruins was added to the list of World Heritage Sites of Unesco, as part of the National Historical Park of the Chaco Culture on December 8, 1987.




The property was part of a 160-acre (65 ha) homestead owned by H.D. Abrams, who supported the ruins preservation. The H.D. Abrams House in Aztec is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.





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