Little Bighorn Battlefield National Monument is situated in Big Horn County, Montana in United States.
Bighorn Battlefield National Monument
covers an area of 765 acres (3.0972 km2).
It commemorates the Battle of Little Bighorn, in which on June
25-26, 1876, the seventh US cavalry regiment under George A. Custer
of Indians of the Lakota Sioux, Arapaho and Cheyenne under their
leaders crushing Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse on the Little Bighorn
River. The Battle of the Little Bighorn River was the largest
military defeat of the US Army in the Indian Wars. The memory was
largely shaped by the military view for over a century. The memorial
site at the site of the Battle was already dedicated in 1879 as the
National Cemetery, became a National Monument in 1946 and got its
present name in 1991. It is located in the Reserve of the Crow
Indians, along with the Reno-Benteen Battlefield Memorial, which
commemorates the final battle.
In December 1991, President George H. W. Bush renamed the
memorial to its current name of Little Bighorn Battlefield National
Monument, declaring that Indians' sacrifices should be equally
commemorated and their role and culture honored in the future. For
this purpose, the Indian Memorial was built in the following years,
a monument with three wire mesh figurines, which remind of the three
peoples involved Sioux, Cheyenne and Arapaho.
Sitting Bull (1831- 1890)
George Armstrong Custer
Marcus Reno (1834- 1889)
Markers honoring the Indians who fought at Little
Big Horn, including Crazy Horse, have been added to those of the
U.S. troops. On Memorial Day, 1999, the first of five red granite
markers denoting where warriors fell during the battle were placed
on the battlefield for Cheyenne warriors Lame White Man and Noisy
The warriors' red speckled granite memorial markers
dot the ravines and hillsides just as do the white marble markers
representing where soldiers fell. Since then, markers have been
added for the Sans Arc Lakota warrior Long Road and the Minniconjou
Lakota Dog's Back Bone.
On June 25, 2003, an "unknown Lakota
warrior marker" was placed on Wooden Leg Hill, east of Last Stand
Hill to honor a warrior who was killed during the battle, as
witnessed and reported by the Northern Cheyenne warrior Wooden Leg.