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Yellowstone National Park

Yellowstone National Park






Description of Yellowstone National Park

Location: Wyoming, Idaho, Montana    Map

Area: 2,219,791 acres (898,318 ha)


Yellowstone National Park is situated in a state of Wyoming in United States, although part of this massive reserve extend into Montana and Idaho. Yellowstone National Park covers an area of 2,219,791 acres (898,318 ha). Yellowstone National Park is added to the UNESCO World Heritage Site due to its natural resources and unique geologic formations. Yellowstone National Park is the first protected natural reserve in the World due to its unique biosphere and unforgettable geologic formations. The main landscapes of Yellowstone National Park are geysers, hot springs and fumaroles, i.e. cracks in the on the slopes and at the foot of volcanoes. Territory of Yellowstone National Park is taken by an enormous super volcano. Currently it is dormant and not active, but if it will explode and erupt in the future, it will wipe out most of major cities in North America. This super volcano did erupt several times over a course of 2 million years. Millions tons of lava covered large areas of Yellowstone National Park that subsequently solidified, giving it unearthly appearance.
One of the most popular landmarks in Yellowstone National Park is a Mammoth spring. It erupts boiling water with dissolved chemicals that deposit in series of step "Terraces" with limestone deposits. These terraces contain white, yellow and orange color depending on a chemical impurity. Other geologic formation are "Grand Prismatic Spring" and "Morning Glory" that are colorful hot springs of all colors of the rainbow. Its unique coloration is due to various bacteria that live in these hot springs. However most of the most visited sites in Yellowstone National Park is an Old Faithful, a massive geyser that shoots hot water in the air. It erupts at a regular time interval every couple of minutes and hence it got its name. Another smaller Beehive Geyser is located just next to it, but it is erupts less frequently.



Yellowstone Upper Falls (Yellowstone Natural Park)

Yellowstone Upper Falls is arguable one of the most beautiful waterfalls of Yellowstone National Park. Most of tourists view Yellowstone Upper Falls from natural lookouts at a distance. Few visitors, however, realize that there is a trails that allows you to climb the cliffs that allow you admire Upper Falls from up close. Additionally from here you can see the Second Yellowstone Upper Falls.


Grand Geyser (Yellowstone Natural Park)

Most hot springs and geysers are located in the valley of the Upper Geyser Basin area nor far from the Old Faithful Geyser. This area that measures about 2 square km sees numerous geysers that appear and disappear representing change in geologic activity of the Yellowstone Supervolcano underneath. Some erupt constantly every 2- 3 minutes, while some are dormant for years. Grand Geyser is one of the largest and powerful geysers among these. It constantly spews columns of hot water into a sky at a height of 60 meters. Tourists admire Grand Geyser from a small path that lies along geysers. It would be very foolish to leave the hiking trail and take a closer look of the formation. Boiling water and immense force can easily harm and even kill anyone who will approach geysers too closely.

Yellowstone Caldera

Yellowstone Caldera

Yellowstone Caldera is the volcanic caldera of Yellowstone Supervolcano that is hidden below subsequent geologic formations. Caldera is formed by the collapse of large land area following a volcanic eruption. Its name is derived from Latin caldaria that can be translated as "cooking pot". Yellowstone Supervolcano is the largest known volcano on the planet that lies dormant for many millions of years. Its last eruption occurred seventy thousand years, but the constant geothermal activity continues to this day. It is visible through earthquakes, changes in topography and activity of geysers. Eruption of Yellowstone Supervolcano can potentially end life not only in the North American, but damage most of the planet.

Despite potential danger Yellowstone Caldera is one of the most visited places in the Yellowstone National Park. Local thermal lake is painted in a rainbow of colors. Hot springs decorate landscape with stone columns and stelae. This area is easily accessible by a network of hiking trails.



Fees and permits

All vehicles and individuals entering Yellowstone National Park must pay an entrance fee that is valid for seven days. The fee is $35 for non-commercial vehicles, $15 for hikers and cyclists, and $25 for motorcycles and snowmobiles. As an alternative to the seven-day fee, you can buy a Park Annual Pass, which costs $60 and is valid until the end of the month 1 year after the purchase date.

If you plan to visit both Yellowstone and Grand Teton National Parks, you can pay a single entrance fee for both at a discount compared to paying two separate fees for the two parks. The combined fee is $50 for non-commercial vehicles, $20 for hikers and cyclists, and $40 for motorcycles and snowmobiles.

There are several passes for groups traveling together in a private vehicle or individuals on foot or on bike. These passes provide free entry at national parks and national wildlife refuges, and also cover standard amenity fees at national forests and grasslands, and at lands managed by the Bureau of Land Management and Bureau of Reclamation. These passes are valid at all national parks including Yellowstone National Park:

The $80 Annual Pass (valid for twelve months from date of issue) to Yellowstone National Park can be purchased by anyone. Military personnel can obtain a free annual pass in person at a federal recreation site by showing a Common Access Card (CAC) or Military ID.
U.S. citizens or permanent residents age 62 or over can obtain a Senior Pass (valid for the life of the holder) in person at a federal recreation site for $80, or through the mail for $90; applicants must provide documentation of citizenship and age. This pass also provides a fifty percent discount on some park amenities. Seniors can also obtain a $20 annual pass.
U.S. citizens or permanent residents with permanent disabilities can obtain an Access Pass (valid for the life of the holder) in person at a federal recreation site at no charge, or through the mail for $10; applicants must provide documentation of citizenship and permanent disability. This pass also provides a fifty percent discount on some park amenities.
Individuals who have volunteered 250 or more hours with federal agencies that participate in the Interagency Pass Program can receive a free Volunteer Pass.
4th graders can receive an Annual 4th Grade Pass that allows free entry for the duration of the 4th grade school year (September-August) to the bearer and any accompanying passengers in a private non-commercial vehicle. Registration at the Every Kid in a Park website is required.
In 2018 the National Park Service will offer four days on which entry is free for all national parks: January 15 (Martin Luther King Jr. Day), April 21 (1st Day of NPS Week), September 22 (National Public Lands Day), and November 11 (Veterans Day weekend).





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