Yosemite National Park is located in Tuolumne, Mariposa, Madera
Counties of California in United States. Yosemite National Park
covers an area of 761,266 acres (308,073 ha). Yosemite National Park
is a nature preserve in the Western Sierra Nevada, California.
Magnificent panorama of virgin forests, lakes, magnificent waterfall
and picturesque cliffs make it one of the most popular protected
areas in USA. Water from melted glaciers and rivers feed the Merced
River that dived the valley below.
discovered in the Yosemite Valley indicate that first people settled
these lands 8,000- 10,000 years ago. They called their beautiful
valley Ahwahnee, and themselves Ahwahneechee or "dwellers of
Ahwahnee". First European American settlers came here in the 1830's,
while first detailed study of these territories were undertaken 20
years later. Thousands of people flocked to area of Yosemite
National Park when gold was discovered here. Obviously these influx
of greedy and somewhat rude newcomers didn't sit well with Native
American population so a war broke out that became known as Mariposa
Wars. Eventually Mariposa Battalions (California militia of
California) drove Ahwahneechee from their native lands and business
started to take over these lands.
Increased movement of
people to this beautiful lands got attention of social activists who
urged the government to protected this beautiful land against human
development. Eventually the was introduced by Galen Clark and
Senator John Congress. The bill for a Yosemite Grant was passed by
both houses of the 38th United States Congress. It might be strange
today, but back in the day Congress actually pass things despite a
Civil War that was raging at the time. Yosemite National Park became
a protected area on June 30, 1864 after it was signed by President
Abraham Lincoln into law.
Horsetail Waterfall (Yosemite National Park)
Horsetail Waterfall is one of the most famous
landmarks in the Yosemite valley. It falls from a cliff on
the eastern slope of El Capitan mountain. It is not
extremely high or powerful, but in combination with a
Yosemite Valley it is one of most recognizable landscapes in
the Western United States. The best time to see it is in
late winter and spring when the water stream is the
strongest due to melting snow and ice. You can hear the
noise of falling water for several miles in all direction.
However, by early summer waterfall dwindles and is barely
visible from a viewing area.
Horsetail Waterfall is commonly visited in
February by people who want to snap a photo of a famous
"Fire Fall". This nickname was coined by photographer Galen
Rowell who took a picture in late winter. Falling water was
hit by setting sun, giving water its distinct orange
appearance that looked like a flowing lava. Famous
photographer didn't specify the exact location or time of
the day when he made his famous image, but many people come
in hopes to catch a similar breathtaking view.
El Capital (Yosemite National Park)
Yosemite National Park is a popular
destination for mountain climbers and especially El Capital
stands out among other peaks. It is a granite cliff that
reaches a height of 2,307 meters. Horsetail Waterfall flows
from the eastern slope of the mountain.
The Great Wall was viewed as impossible to
climb just several decades ago, but several dare devils
disproved this point of view. Camp 4 is located at the base
of the ascent where climbers prepare for their climb of El
Capitan. In addition to those who climb up, this cliff
became popular among those who try to jump down. Base
jumpers also use this cliff or their jumps into Yosemite