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Zion National Park

Zion National Park

 

 

 

 

 

Description of Zion National Park

Location: South Utah  Map

Area: 146,578 acres

Info: Zion Canyon Visitor Center, (435) 772- 3256

Open: late Mar- early Nov: 8am- 6pm daily (to 8pm in summer)

early Nov- late Mar: 8am- 5pm daily

 

Official site

 

What to see:

- Virgin River Narrows

- Temple of Sinawava

 

Zion National Park is situated in South Utah in United States. Zion National Park covers an extensive area of 146,578 acres. Zion National Park is an unique biosphere located at the junction of the Colorado Plateau, Great Basin and Mojave Desert. It is famous for various landscapes with unique life zones. The main attraction of the park is the Zion canyon, a slit of 24 kilometers in length and up to 800 meters deep excavated by the north arm of the Virgin River on red sandstone terrain. Other points of interest are the Great White Throne, the narrows of the Virgin River and the Kolob Arch. In the area of ​​the Zion and Kolob canyons, there are nine geological formations that date back 150 million years, originating from sediments that occurred during the Mesozoic Era, time of the dinosaurus. During all that time, the region has been covered by swamps, streams, ponds, lakes, vast deserts and dry beds. The elevations caused by the Colorado plate raised the region some 3,000 m 13 million years ago.

The first humans arrived in the area 8000 years ago. They were small family groups of Amerindians who settled in the region such as the weavers of Anasazi baskets that arrived in 300 AD. The increasingly nomadic habits prompted this people to move to what is now known as Virgin Anasazi in the 500 AD. Another group, the Parowan Fremont also inhabited the area. Around the fourteenth century there was the mysterious disappearance of both groups, arriving in the area the Parrusits ​​and other southern tribes. The cannon was discovered by the Mormons in 1850, inhabiting it two years later. In 1909, the Mukuntuweap National Monument was created, intended for the protection of the canyon. In 1919 it was decided to extend the protection thus creating the Zion National Park. Zion or Sion means in ancient Hebrew place of refuge or sanctuary as a reference to mount Sion in Jerusalem. The Kolob section was proclaimed Zion National Monument in 1937 but became a park in 1956.

Zion National Park is located at the junction of the Colorado plate, the Great Basin and the Mojave Desert. The unique geography and the variety of ecosystems allow the existence of an important diversity of flora and fauna. There are 289 species of birds, 75 of mammals (including 19 species of bats), 32 species of reptiles as well as a large number of plants. Biodiversity is distributed through four zones: desert, riverbanks, forests and coniferous forests. Among the fauna highlights the puma, deer, eagles, California and mountain goats.

 

 

 

Fees and permits

A $30 entrance fee is required for all private vehicles entering the park that is good for seven days. Motorcycles, individuals on foot, and bicyclists are charged a $12 entrance fee. Private vehicles which only visit Kolob Canyons still need to pay the $30 entrance fee (good for the whole park).

There are several passes for groups traveling together in a private vehicle or individuals on foot or on bike. These passes provide free entry at national parks and national wildlife refuges, and also cover standard amenity fees at national forests and grasslands, and at lands managed by the Bureau of Land Management and Bureau of Reclamation. These passes are valid at all national parks including Zion National Park:

The $80 Annual Pass (valid for twelve months from date of issue) can be purchased by anyone. Military personnel can obtain a free annual pass in person at a federal recreation site by showing a Common Access Card (CAC) or Military ID.
U.S. citizens or permanent residents age 62 or over can obtain a Senior Pass (valid for the life of the holder) in person at a federal recreation site for $80, or through the mail for $90; applicants must provide documentation of citizenship and age. This pass also provides a fifty percent discount on some park amenities. Seniors can also obtain a $20 annual pass.
U.S. citizens or permanent residents with permanent disabilities can obtain an Access Pass (valid for the life of the holder) in person at a federal recreation site at no charge, or through the mail for $10; applicants must provide documentation of citizenship and permanent disability. This pass also provides a fifty percent discount on some park amenities.
Individuals who have volunteered 250 or more hours with federal agencies that participate in the Interagency Pass Program can receive a free Volunteer Pass.
4th graders can receive an Annual 4th Grade Pass that allows free entry for the duration of the 4th grade school year (September-August) to the bearer and any accompanying passengers in a private non-commercial vehicle. Registration at the Every Kid in a Park website is required.
In 2018 the National Park Service will offer four days on which entry is free for all national parks: January 15 (Martin Luther King Jr. Day), April 21 (1st Day of NPS Week), September 22 (National Public Lands Day), and November 11 (Veterans Day weekend).

 

 

 

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