Honolulu, Hawaii

Honolulu is the capital of the state of Hawaii in the United States. Honolulu is by far the largest city in Hawaii with a population of around 337,000, mostly of Asian descent. At the same time, Honolulu is also a county with a population of 910,000, about three quarters of the population of all of Hawaii, and all of that in the southeastern tip of the island of Oahu.

When the first King Kamehameha I defeated his Oahu opponents at the Battle of Nuuanu and unified Hawaii, the capital was still Lahaina on the island of Maui. He himself moved his residence from the Big Island to Waikiki. Under Kamehameha III, the capital was moved to Honolulu, and a new residence was built with the buildings of the Iolani Palace and the Aliiolani Hale.

But soon Honolulu grew on Asian immigrants who were hired as cheap labourers: they lived in China-Town just off downtown Honolulu, and soon the Hawaiians were a minority in their own country.

The last ruler of Hawaii, Queen Liliuokalani, was arrested at Iolani Palace in 1893, and a few years later the former Kingdom of Hawaii was annexed by the United States. By the way, the queen was very musical, the song "Aloha Oe" was set to music by her.

Honolulu gained notoriety during World War II when the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor, even though the port is outside of the city limits but in Honolulu County.


Getting here

By plane
Most tourists land at the Honolulu airport, but it is also possible to fly into Maui from San Francisco and travel from there to Honolulu.

Honolulu International Airport (Daniel K. Inouye International Airport, IATA: HNL)

By train
The rail lines that used to run on Oahu have long since been dismantled. A new rapid transit system called "HART" is scheduled to open on Oahu between 2020 and 2025.

By bus
The bus system "TheBus" opens up almost all parts of Oahu. A single ride costs $2.75, a day ticket $5.50 (as of 2018)

By boat
There is no scheduled service between the United States mainland and the Hawaiian Islands.
Cruise ships dock at 2 Honolulu Cruise Termnial at Pier 2 or at Pier 11 at the Aloha Tower.



The Waikiki Trolley runs in 3 lines (RED / BLUE / GREEN Line) starting from the Waikiki Shopping Plaza in a Hop-On-Hop-Off scheme.



Aloha Tower am Hafen.
Royal House, 417 King Street
Bernice P. Bishop Museum, 1525 Bernice Street. E-Mail: visitorexperience@bishopmuseum.org.
Diamond Head
Washington Place, 320 S Britannia St, Honolulu. Tel.: +1 808-536-804 , HI 96813, USA.
Hawaii Maritime Center, Dock 7, Honolulu harbor wikipedia.
National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific (Punch Bowl), 2177 Puowaina Dr, Honolulu. Tel.: +1 808-532-3720.
Waikiki Beach (The Strand von Waikiki)
Waikīkī Aquarium, 2777 Kalakaua Ave. Tel.: +1 808-923-97412777. , Honolulu, HI 96815, USA.
Waikiki Shopping Plaza
King Kamehameha Statue
Honolulu Zoo Queen Kapi'olani Park in Honolulu
Halo Blow Hole Lookout
Ala Moana Center
Waikiki Shingon Mission (buddhist. Tempel)
Manua Falls
Queen Emma Summer Palace
Pearl Harbor and USS Arizona Memorial


What to do

Outdoor recreation
On land
Hawaii's year-round tropical weather offers perfect running weather year-round, so bring your running shoes. Kapiolani Park and Ala Moana Beach Park are where most joggers in Honolulu congregate; the 4-mile loop around Diamond Head is also a popular and scenic route. If you're looking for a challenge, Tantalus Drive above Makiki is a winding, two-lane road that's relatively safe for joggers. The Honolulu Marathon, held on the second Sunday of December every year, is a massive event that draws between 20,000 and 25,000 runners annually.

Biking Honolulu's streets and bike paths is a great way to see the city and stay in shape. There are several bike shops in town that rent different types of bikes. You can also take Highway 72 to Waimanolo, east of Honolulu if you want to drive on the open road.

Ice skating is probably the last thing you'd expect in a tropical city, but West Honolulu's Ice Palace is the perfect spot if the hot climate is too much for you.

On the water
There are great surfing beaches around Waikiki. For lessons, the beach boys give daily private surfing lessons on Waikiki Beach. A one-hour lesson includes lessons on land and in the water. The instructors teach paddling, timing and balance techniques. Reservations are not required, just report to the Waikiki Police Station at the Diamondhead Beach booth. You can also try one of the many surf schools in Waikiki.

Performing Arts
In addition to the traditional luaus and hula shows, Hawaii has a thriving scene of theaters, concerts, clubs, bars and other events and entertainment. Honolulu has two major theater complexes. The oldest and most popular is the Diamond Head Theater. It has been entertaining audiences with Broadway-style performances since 1919 and has been dubbed "The Broadway of the Pacific." Another theater is the Hawaii Theater in Downtown Honolulu. It offers performances similar to the Diamond Head Theater and has been performing since 1922. Additional performances are also held at the Neil S. Blaisdell Arena and Concert Hall and the Waikiki Shell.



There are several shopping centers in Honolulu ranging from the typical large malls to unique areas popular with tourists. The International Market Place in Waikiki is one such place, filled with market stalls and shops set amidst a jungle-like backdrop of banyan trees. Also in Waikiki are the Royal Hawaiian Shopping Center, the duty-free T Galleria by DFS, and the Waikiki Shopping Plaza, which is also very popular with tourists.

There are also some shops downtown. The Aloha Tower Marketplace on the harbor front next to the Aloha Tower is very popular with tourists. Between downtown and Waikiki is the Ala Moana Center, the largest mall in Hawaii and the largest open-air mall in the world. The Victoria Ward Centers are also located there. For something truly unique, Chinatown has food and seafood markets, as well as many lei (the ornamental flower lei) makers on the street corners.

East Honolulu has several regional malls, Kahala Mall and Koko Marina Center, with various large stores and movie theaters. In western Honolulu, Aloha Stadium hosts the Aloha Stadium Swap Meet every Wednesday, Saturday and Sunday, an opportunity to shop at local merchants and artists and get things much cheaper than anywhere else. Beyond western Honolulu in the suburb of Aiea is the Pearlridge Center, the state's largest indoor mall, with the upscale outlet mall Waikele Premium Outlets further afield in the suburb of Waipahu.



There are several places that stay open until 2am. Some are open until 4am. Most of Honolulu's bars and nightclubs are located along Kuhio Avenue.



It is unknown when Honolulu was first settled or when the name was first used, but oral histories suggest that the area was first settled by Polynesians in the 12th century. The Port of Honolulu is also called "Kulolia" or "Ke Awa O Kou". The first European to reach Honolulu was British Captain William Brown with his ship Butterworth; he came in 1794 and named the port "Fair Haven". Others also called it "Brown's Harbour". Honolulu quickly became Hawaii's largest port. At that time the trade in the wood of the sandalwood tree was important. Furthermore, Honolulu was an important supply point for whalers. In 1845 Kamehameha III. Honolulu the capital of the Kingdom of Hawai'i. It was also the capital of the Republic and Territory of Hawaii and is still the capital of the US state of Hawaii today.

Ten structures and sites in Honolulu have National Historic Landmark status, including Pearl Harbor, 'Iolani Palace and the USS Arizona Shipwreck. The city has 103 structures and sites listed on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) as of November 2, 2018.



East of Honolulu is Diamond Head, 750 feet (232 m) high, made of tuff. The mountain is the symbol of the city.

city outline
Honolulu is divided into 5 districts:
Downtown Honolulu: This district, which includes historic Chinatown, is home to the island's most important government and commercial buildings. It is also the political and economic center of Honolulu. There are many attractions, several museums, the Hawaii Theater and the tallest building in Hawaii. The most important government buildings are the Hawaii State Capitol, Washington Place and City Hall Honolulu Hale. Also in the historic center is the statue of King Kamehameha I and the ʻIolani Palace.
Waikīkī: Waikiki is located directly on the sea and is framed in the north by the Ala Wai Canal. To the east lies Diamond Head Crater. Hotels, restaurants and bars are mainly located in the district.
Mānoa Makiki: The district borders downtown Honolulu to the north and the terrain is more mountainous. The highlight of the landscape is the extinct Punchbowl Crater. The University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa is located in Mānoa Makiki. This is the area where Barack Obama grew up.
Eastern Honolulu: This region has many sandy beaches and rocky coastlines. It consists of five residential areas and extends to the southeastern tip of O'ahu. To the west are Waikiki and Diamond Head.
Western Honolulu: This district is where the airport is located. It consists of three residential areas. Here is the famous military port of Pearl Harbor.



Honolulu's climate is tropical with dry summers (April to September) and some rain in winter (October to March). However, one cannot speak of a rainy season. The number of sunshine hours is consistently high throughout the year, as is the temperature. The year-round maximum temperature is between 26.7 and 31.5 degrees, the minimum temperature is between 18.6 and 23.4 degrees. The lowest temperature ever measured was 13.3 degrees.[9] Even though Honolulu is in the tropics, hurricanes are very rare. The water temperature on the beaches of Honolulu is also consistently warm year-round and is at least 24 degrees even in winter.