Indianapolis, Indiana

Indianapolis is the capital of the US state of Indiana in the United States of America. As of the 2020 census, 887,642. inhabitants in Indianapolis, making it the third largest city in the American Midwest. The Indianapolis Metropolitan Area (Indianapolis plus suburbs) has around 2,100,000 inhabitants (as of 2020). Indianapolis is the administrative seat of Marion County.

Indianapolis International Airport is an international airport.


Sights and culture

Indianapolis is also called "Circle City". The city owes its name to the Monument Circle in the city center. The memorial honors the fallen soldiers of the American Civil War and the Mexican-American War. Also in the city center is another war memorial, the War Memorial Plaza. It was built in honor of the fallen soldiers of both world wars. There is also a National Memorial to the USS Indianapolis.

The city's nightlife takes place mainly in Broad Ripple in the north of the city.

Sights also include the Children's Museum and the Indianapolis Museum of Art. The speedway has its own museum, the Indianapolis Speedway Hall of Fame.

The city is home to one of America's major orchestras, the Indianapolis Symphony Orchestra.

Elvis Presley gave his last concert here on June 26, 1977 in the Market Square Arena.


The Scottish Rite Cathedral is an American Masonic temple located in downtown Indianapolis, Indiana. It has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places since June 6, 1983. It was designed by architect George F. Schreiber and built between 1927 and 1929 at a cost of $2.5 million. He belongs to a Masonic body, bearing the name of "Valley of Indianapolis Scottish Rite"



Children's Museum of Indianapolis, 3000 North Meridian Street. Tel: +1.317.334.3322, Fax: +1.317.921.4019, Email: Price: Admission: Adult: $12.00; Youth (2-17 years): $7.00; Seniors (60+): $11.00. Parking: Free.The Children's Museum of Indianapolis is a children's museum located in Indianapolis, Indiana, USA. It occupies an area of 43,933.85 m² on 5 floors, is the largest children's museum in the world, and is visited annually by more than a million visitors. It has about 120,000 items in its collection, divided primarily into the American Collection, the World Culture Collection, and the Natural Science Collection. In addition to exhibitions, the collection includes a carousel, dinosaurs and a steam locomotive; the building is decorated with glass fireworks, which is the subject of one of the exhibitions; The museum's collection includes about 50,000 toys donated by collectors Frank and Teresa Kaplan.
Eiteljorg Museum of American Indians and Western Art, 500 West Washington Street. Tel: +1 317.636.9378. Price: Admission: Adult: $8.00; Youth (5-17 years) and students: $5.00; Seniors (65+): $7.00. Parking: Free.
Indianapolis Museum of Art, 4000 Michigan Rd. Tel: +1-317-920-2660.
Conner Prairie Living History Museum, 13400 Allisonville Rd., Fishers. Phone: +1-317-776-6006.


The Indiana State Museum (abbr. ISM) is a museum in Indianapolis, United States. Located in the city's White River State Park. The museum contains exhibits that tell about the culture and history of Indiana from prehistoric times to the present day. The museum is equipped with an IMAX system.

The museum's collection began to take shape in 1862, during the Civil War, when the state librarian R. Deloss Brown began to collect minerals and other curiosities that he kept in a cabinet. In 1869, the Indiana General Assembly passed an ordinance on the collection and storage of the state's geological and mineralogical artifacts. The first employees of the museum were geologists who collected and marked the first samples of the collection. The museum's collection was originally displayed indoors on the third floor of the Indiana State Capitol building in 1888. Then she moved to different rooms of the Capitol until she found herself in the basement of the building. Here the collection was located for the next almost 45 years.

During this time, many attempts were made to allocate a separate building for the museum, and only in 1962, Governor Matthew Welsh approved the idea of a new building for the Indian Museum. When the city government moved into the new offices of the Indianapolis City-County Building, the old government building was given over to the museum. It underwent extensive renovations to accommodate it as a museum, and in 1967 the Indiana State Museum opened its doors in a new building with four floors for exhibits and staff, as well as a basement for storage.

In 1976, the museum received accreditation from the American Association of Museums. Over the years, the collection grew and in the 1970s - 1980s, nearby buildings and objects were acquired to the main building of the museum, creating a museum complex. In 1984, the City decided to create a new museum and recreation complex in White River State Park. On December 31, 2001, the museum in the squares of the old town hall was closed and opened in the city park on May 22, 2002. The construction of a new complex in the White River Pare cost $105 million.

Currently, the Indiana State Museum has over 40,000 square feet (4,000 m²) of exhibition space and over 452,000 artifacts in its collection.



Indianapolis Zoo, 1200 West Washington Street. Tel: +1 317 630 2001, email: Open: Mon - Thu 9 a.m. - 4 p.m., Fri - Sun 9 a.m. - 5 p.m. Price: Zoo admission only: Adults: $12.50, Seniors and Children (2-12): $7.50. Parking: $5.00.
The White River Gardens, 1200 West Washington Street. Tel: +1 317 630 3252, Email: Price: Garden Admission Only: Adults: $7.00, Seniors and Children (2-12): $6.00. Parking: $5.00.



Soldiers' and Sailors' Monument
The Soldiers' and Sailors' Monument in Indianapolis, Indiana, USA, is a 87-meter-tall neoclassical war memorial erected from 1888 to 1901 to honor the fallen Hoosier. It is meant to commemorate the sons of Indiana who fell from the Declaration of Independence in 1776 to the end of the American Civil War in 1865. The monument, made of oolitic limestone and bronze, stands on Monument Circle in the center of the city, which was later built around the monument. It was designed by the German architect Bruno Schmitz, who specializes in monumental buildings. Some of the figures are by the Austrian sculptor Rudolf Schwarz (1866-1912), the bronze frieze by Nikolaus Geiger, who was born in Bavaria and later became a professor at the Academy of Arts in Berlin. The monument was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1973. On the lower level is the Colonel Eli Lilly Civil War Museum.



The Indianapolis Zoo is a combination of a zoo and a botanical garden. It is a non-profit organization (non-profit organization). The site is located in the city of Indianapolis in the state of Indiana in the USA. The zoo is bordered to the north and east by the White River. The zoo is a member of the World Association of Zoos and Aquariums (WAZA) and the Association of Zoos and Aquariums (AZA). In 2021, the zoo was visited by over 1.2 million guests.

The concept for a zoo in Indianapolis was first discussed in the 1940s. Momentum for the zoo slowed during World War II and it was not until 1962 that construction began, eventually opening in 1964 as the Washington Park Children's Zoo. In 1982, consideration began to move the zoo to a new location in downtown Indianapolis that would offer more space. A site in White River State Park proved to be the ideal location. On November 1, 1987, the Washington Park Children's Zoo closed its doors. The new zoo grew to five times its previous size and opened in 1988. The White River Gardens botanical garden was attached to the zoo in 1999.

The Indianapolis Zoo is home to 1465 animals representing 233 different species (as of 2021). Animals are kept in extensive outdoor enclosures divided into eco-zones. Animal species that share the same habitat in the wild are also kept together in the zoo. Desert and steppe dwellers occupy a large space. In another section, mainly forest dwellers are shown. In order to preserve endangered species, various breeding programs are implemented at the zoo. The Flights of Fancy section features bird species. There, visitors have the opportunity to feed flamingos and parrots. The following pictures show some selected mammal species from the zoo's stock.

Botanical Garden
To the south of the zoo grounds is a botanical garden called the White River Gardens. There are over 1000 different native and exotic plant species. The garden is divided into a variety of different representative gardens, including a cactus garden, a shade garden, a water garden, an orchid garden and a garden that can be used specifically for weddings. Also in the garden is the Hilbert Conservatory, a butterfly zoo where many species of butterflies can be observed. Some of the giant salamanders (Cryptobranchidae) are kept in a large water tank that mimics their natural environment. In collaboration with Purdue University and other zoos in the area, efforts are being made to create a safe environment for the mud devils to reproduce in order to be able to release captive bred animals into the wild.

In 2021/22 major redesign measures will be carried out in the botanical part of the zoo, which is why the botanical garden will not be accessible to visitors during this period until spring 2023.

Other facilities
The aquatic animals are concentrated under the name Oceans. Dolphins are housed in a dolphinarium. Through glass panes, visitors can observe the animals swimming and hunting five meters below the surface of the water. A show aquarium features large tanks that are home to many different species of fish, coral, and sea anemones. A penguinarium shows different species of penguins. Walruses and California sea lions are kept in a rock-lined outdoor pool.

There is also an amusement park on the site, in which a roller coaster and a carousel provide entertainment for visitors.



Indianapolis was founded in 1821 at the request of the State of Indiana. The aim was, as in the case of Washington D.C. at the federal level to create a central capital. Indianapolis was built on the model of Washington, which means that all streets lead to the center of the city, Monument Circle. The rise to the economic center of Indiana had to wait until the city was opened up by the railroad in 1847. As a transportation hub between Chicago, St. Louis, Columbus and Cincinnati, the city grew rapidly. Today it is not only the political, but also the undisputed economic center of Indiana.

After the administrative reform of 1970 ("Unigov"), the city of Indianapolis received almost all administrative tasks within its area of responsibility. Thus, all suburbs of Indianapolis were incorporated. The communities of Beech Grove, Lawrence, Southport and Speedway in Marion County were spared this shift in jurisdiction. The mayor of Indianapolis is also the chief administrator of Marion County.

Historical objects
Indianapolis is home to the historic Ralph Waldo Emerson Indianapolis Public School #58. The school building is located at 321 North Linwood Street and was listed on the National Register of Historic Places as a Historic Monument on December 6, 2004 with number 04001309.
At 6551 Shelbyville Road is the historic Anderson Thompson House.
Lockefield Gardens is located on Indiana Avenue (NRHP ID 83000133).

Structures and sites in Indianapolis have National Historic Landmark status, including the home of former President Benjamin Harrison, the Indiana World War Memorial Plaza and the Athenæum (German House). The city has 228 structures and sites listed on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) as of November 3, 2018.

The April 15, 2021 Indianapolis FedEx rampage killed nine people.



According to the 2010 census, the population was 58.6 percent white and 27.5 percent African American; 2.1 percent were of Asian origin. 9.4 percent of the population were Hispanics. The median income per household in 2015 was US$41,987. 21.3 percent of the population lived below the poverty line.



The incumbent mayor is Democrat Joe Hogsett. Indianapolis has long been considered relatively conservative for a big city; the Democrats dominated less than in other major cities. This has now changed. Ever since the 2004 US presidential election, when the city was a blue (Democratic voting) island in red (Republican) Indiana and voted for John Kerry, Marion County or Indianapolis has always voted for the Democratic presidential nominee. This has to do with the growing urban-rural polarization, with Democrats thriving in urban areas and Republicans in rural areas. For example, former majority Democratic areas in rural southern Indiana are now firmly in Republican hands, while Indianapolis has become a Democratic stronghold. In the 2020 United States Presidential Election, 63.35% of Marion County voters voted for Joe Biden and 34.30% of voters voted for Donald J. Trump.



There are the following universities:
Butler University
Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis
University of Indianapolis
Ivy Tech
Marian University
Most youth attend the Indianapolis Public Schools (downtown school district) or equivalent schools on the outskirts of the city.



The Indianapolis metro area had a gross domestic product of $135.4 billion in 2016, ranking 26th among the metropolitan areas of the United States. The unemployment rate in the metro area was 3.0 percent, below the national average of 3.8 percent as of March 2018. Personal income per capita was $49,681 in 2016, giving Indianapolis an above-average income level.



Indianapolis International Airport is the city's international airport. Inner-city traffic is very much dominated by automobile traffic: 92% of all locomotion is by car, only about 2% on foot. (Comparison Leipzig 27% on foot and 36% by car)


Sports in Indianapolis

Contrary to popular belief, the Indianapolis Motor Speedway is not in Indianapolis, but in Speedway, a separate city that is completely surrounded by Indianapolis. The race track is the venue for the famous Indianapolis 500 (Indy 500 for short) car race. The race takes place on Memorial Day, the last Monday in May. The cars participating in the race are therefore also called Indycars. The race course, dubbed The Brickyard, is also used in the NASCAR Sprint Cup at the Allstate 400 at the Brickyard in August and was used as the venue for the US Formula 1 Grand Prix. Since Formula 1 has not been a guest in Indianapolis since 2008, the track was converted into the venue for the Indianapolis Grand Prix of the motorcycle world championship.

The best-known clubs in Indianapolis are the Indiana Pacers, a basketball team in the National Basketball Association (NBA), the Indiana Fever, a basketball team in the Women's National Basketball Association (WNBA), and the Indianapolis Colts, an American football team in the National Football League ( NFL), they play their home games at Lucas Oil Stadium and won the Super Bowl in 2007. Victory Field is home to the Indianapolis Indians, an International League baseball team.

Indianapolis is also home to the Indiana Ice, a USHL junior ice hockey team. Before that there was also a professional team, the Indianapolis Ice, which played in the IHL until 2001 and then in the Central Hockey League until 2004.

The 1987 Pan American Games, the 2001 World Police and Fire Games, the 2002 Basketball World Cup, and Super Bowl XLVI all took place in Indianapolis.



John Taffe (1827–1884), politician
George Andrew Reisner (1867–1942), Egyptologist
Booth Tarkington (1869–1946), writer
Johnny Aitken (1885–1918), automobile racer
Norman Scott (1889–1942), two-star admiral in World War II
John Dillinger (1903–1934), bank robber
Robert Emhardt (1914–1994), actor
Steve McQueen (1930–1980), film and television actor
Anthony W England (born 1942), astronaut
David Letterman (born 1947), talk show host
Dan Quayle (born 1947), politician and 44th Vice President of the United States of America
Bart Peterson (born 1958), politician and mayor of Indianapolis from 2000 to 2008
Babyface (Kenneth Brian Edmonds, born 1959), R&B and pop singer, songwriter and producer
Brendan Fraser (born 1968), film actor
Lamon Brewster (born 1973), heavyweight boxer
Jonas Talkington (born 1976), actor and casting director
Alison Bales (born 1985), basketball player
Jack Johnson (born 1987), ice hockey player
Conner P Kelley (born 1994), actor