Lafayette is a city and county seat of Tippecanoe County,
Indiana, United States, 101 kilometers (63 miles) northwest of
Lafayette had a population of 67,140 as of a 2010 census. Along with its sister city, West Lafayette, on the opposite side of the Wabash River, it forms Greater Lafayette.
In addition to the agricultural sector and Purdue University in West Lafayette, a Subaru automobile plant is one of the largest employers in the region.
Lafayette is the seat of the Diocese of Lafayette in Indiana.
Fort Ouiatenon was a French fort built in the 18th century in New
France. Fort Ouiatenon was built in 1717 at the confluence of the Wabash
River and the Tippecanoe River in Illinois Country. The fort was three
miles from present-day West Lafayette, Indiana.
The fort was baptized with the Native American name of Ouiatenon, which in Algonquian languages designates the territory of the Wea tribe, a Native American people related to the Miamis tribe who had two of their main communities not far from the fort in Lafayette and Terre Haute. French explorers and French-Canadian trappers and trappers roamed this region in search of fur and beaver skins.
Officer François-Marie Picoté de Belestre, accompanied by a few traveling companions, decided to set up a fortified trading post which was under the command of another officer, François-Marie Bissot de Vincennes. Fort Ouiatenon had an important role in a line of defense against English expansion. On the other hand, the governor of New France, Philippe de Rigaud de Vaudreuil, wanted to make sure that the Wea people would only trade with the French.
During the 18th century the fort would house up to 3,000 people and would be the focal point for several villages of the Wea and Kickapous tribes.
In 1760, the French defeat led to the eviction of French troops from the fort with the arrival of Robert Rogers at the head of a British detachment. The English troops will not arrive until a year later in 1761.
On June 1, 1763, Native American forces from Pontiac, allied with the French, captured the fort during the Pontiac Rebellion. The fort will never again be used as a cantonment or garrison.
During the American War of Independence, General George Washington ordered the destruction of Fort Ouiatenon, which served as a base for the British allies.
In 1930, a replica of Fort Ouiatenon was built by a local doctor named Richard Wetherill. The Daughters of the American Revolution had placed a memorial near this location in 1909. Doctor Wetherill's blockhouse was copied from those more typical of British fortifications (using horizontal pieces) and does not match the style or type of construction of the original Fort Ouiatenon (with the vertical pieces). This replica is now the focal point of a county park. The original site of Fort Ouiatenon, located one mile from the replica site, was discovered and confirmed by archaeological excavations in the 1960s. In 1970, the site was listed on the National Register of Historic Places by the US Department of the Interior.
Since 1967 is held in autumn the festival of the "Feast of the Hunters' Moon" (The Feast of the Hunters' Moon) which traces and brings to life the main highlights and historical events of Fort Ouiatenon. Artifacts from the original site of Fort Ouiatenon are displayed during the holiday by the Tippecanoe County Historical Association. The Fort Ouiatenon Blockhouse Museum is open to tourists in summer.
Purdue University Airport
Airport Purdue University Airport (English: Lafayette Airport, West Lafayette Airport) in the United States. Purdue University Airport is located in the county of Tippecanoe County and the state of Indiana, in the eastern part of the country, 900 km west of the capital city Washington, D.C. Purdue University Airport is located 181 meters above sea level.
The land around the Purdue University Airport is flat. The highest point in the area has a height of 204 meters and is 1.7 km north of the Purdue University Airport. There are about 116 people per square kilometer around the Purdue University Airport is quite densely populated. The nearest larger town is West Lafayette, 2.9 km northeast of the Purdue University Airport. The Purdue University Airport is surrounded by fields. In the region around the Purdue University Airport, canals are incredibly common.
The climate is continental. The average temperature is 11 °C. The warmest month is June, at 23 °C, and the coldest is January, at −5 °C. The average rainfall is 1,284 millimeters per year. The wettest month is April, with 166 millimeters of rain, and the driest is March, with 59 millimeters.
The area of what is now Tippecanoe County was inhabited by a tribe of
Miami people known as the Ouiatenon or Wea. The French government
established Fort Ouiatenon in 1717 over the Wabash River and 3 miles
south of present-day Lafayette.
Like many small border towns, the city was named after French General Lafayette, who fought on the side of the colonists against the British during the American Revolutionary War and was a key military adviser to the insurgents. Since then he has been revered as a war hero in the USA.
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