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Amboró National Park

Amboró National Park

 

 

Location: Santa Cruz Department    Map

Area: 4,425 km² (1,709 sq mi)

 

Amboró Hotel

Tel. 591 (0) 9322054

 

 

 

 

Description of Amboró National Park

Amboró National Park is locate in Santa Cruz Department in Bolivia. Amboró National Park covers an area of 4,425 km² (1,709 sq mi). The elevation of the biosphere reserve ranges from 300 m to 3200 m above sea level. The average temperature in Amboró National Park is inversely proportional. It ranges from 12 C to 24C annually. There are over 700 species of birds that live in their niches at different elevation and different place in the park. The park lies just off the highway from Cochahamba to Santa Cruz. The closest hotel to the Amboró National Park is Amboró Hotel in Buena Vista.

 

 

Location: it is located in the department of Santa Cruz, Bolivia, bordering the department of Cochabamba in the west.
Protect the areas of great biodiversity representative of the Biogeographical Province of Yungas, its ecosystems, genetic resources and endangered and typical endangered flora and fauna.
Protect the geomorphological formations and unique landscapes of the sub-Andean mountains.
Protect the river basins, especially their headwaters, considering the high rainfall that the area receives and the topography characterized by steep slopes.
Contribute to local and regional development through ecotourism, nature recreation, interpretation and environmental education activities.
Promote scientific research, particularly that which contributes to improving the management of the Area and natural resources within the framework of current legislation.
Promote the monitoring of ecological processes.
Objectives of the Natural Area of ​​Integrated Management

Rational and sustainable use of natural resources by the populations that inhabit the ANMI, with a view to obtaining improvements in the quality of life through the benefits derived from the conservation and management of the Area.
Protect watersheds.

Protect soils subject to agricultural or agroforestry use, especially through traditional practices or appropriate new technologies.
Promote the recovery of natural vegetation and soils affected by erosive processes, in order to improve the quality of existing ecosystems.
Contribute to the protection of cultural heritage and the rescue of traditional techniques and systems of resource use of local inhabitants.
Promote productive activities that are framed in sustainable development policies and that prove to be experiences that are not attentive to ecosystems and their processes.
Provide opportunities for recreation in nature, ecotourism, interpretation and environmental education.
Provide opportunities for scientific research applied to the use and protection of natural resources and environmental monitoring towards productive and recovery activities.

History
The beginnings of the Amboro National Park date from the early 1970s, when a section of the Amboro Hill was declared "Tcnl. German Busch Nature Reserve" in 1973.

Subsequently, in 1984 the protected area is reassigned as Amboro National Park with an area of ​​180,000 ha. Subsequent expansions and readjustments caused an expansion of the protected area to 442,500 ha, surrounded by the Integrated Management Area.

Ecoregions
The main ecoregions covered by the protected area are the Mountainous Wet Forest of Yungas, Chaco, Dry Mountain Forests and the Cloud Forests.

On the other hand, the Park Management Plan (FAN-TNC 1997) the following regions:

Seasonal evergreen wet forest. Formation of alluvial origin, the topography is almost flat and the soils constituted by recent sediments of quaternary materials.
Wet forest at the foot of the mountain. The topography is undulating, forming some very low mountain hills of narrow aspect and narrow valleys.
Sub-Andean Rainforest Topographic variations are somewhat complex due to the marked inclination, being a transition zone between the plain and the mountains. The soils have good drainage.
Mountainous wet forest of Yungas. It has steep slopes, relatively wide alluvial valleys and deep gorges. It is the best represented area within the park.
Yunga eyebrow. Located in an area of ​​slopes, peaks and ridges of steep slope and deep gorges; It occupies only a minimal portion of the area in some mountainous edges exposed to clouds between 3000 and 3100 meters above sea level.
Dry Interandine Valleys. With partially flat topography and soils of quaternary material of colluvial and fluvio-lacustrine origin. They are located in the southern part of the area.

Flora
The area is characterized by having a great floristic diversity worldwide. There are approximately 3,000 species of plants registered for the area. Among the great diversity are numerous species of orchids, the giant tree ferns (Cyathea and Alsophyla) that form extensive patches. As well as economically important species such as the pacay (Inga velutina), the asaí (Euterpe precatoria) and the guitarist (Didymopanax morototoni). As well as timber species such as the mara or American mahogany (Swietenia macrophylla), the mountain pine (Podocarpus spp.) And the walnut (Bolivian Juglans).

 

Wildlife
In the Park there are more than 177 species of mammals, among which the 43 species of bats stand out. Among the large mammals we find the Andean bear or jucumari, the jaguar or American tiger, the flag bear (anthill), among others. There is a high level of endemism in the park, 135 species of reptiles and 173 species of amphibians among which 50 species are toads. There are 912 species of birds, the birds that arouse most interest are the tuft turkey, and the military stop. Many endemic and dawned bird species survive in the park in other regions.

Genetic resources
The area constitutes a natural reservoir of a great diversity of wild genetic resources typical of tropical ecosystems. And of species of economic importance such as fine woods that are in the process of commercial extinction.

Archeology
To the south of the protected area, in the area of ​​influence, are the pre-Columbian ruins of the Fort of Samaipata and the Tunal pictography.

 

 

 

 

 

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