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Noel Kempff National Park

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Location: Santa Cruz Department    Map

Area: 15,234 km²

 

 

 

Description of Noel Kempff National Park

Noel Kempff National Park is located in Santa Cruz Department in Northeastern Bolivia. Noel Kempff National Park covers an area of 15,234 km². The large area of this Bolivian park covers several ecosystems including wooded savannah, the mountains and Amazon rain forest. Noel Kempff park contains over 4,000 species of plants, 130 species of mammals, 620 species of birds and 70 species of reptiles and many more. Many of these species are considered rare and are on the verge of extinction due to deforestation and hunting. National park is named after famous Professor Noel Kempff Mercado who devoted his entire life to study the ecosystem of the preserve. In 2000 Noel Kempff National Park was added to UNESCO World Heritage list.

 

 

 

The national park has a high level of biological diversity, which is directly related to the extraordinary degree of habitat diversity. The northeast of the Department of Santa Cruz is located in an area of ​​climatic tension in which the Amazon is interspersed with the dry forests and savannas of the Cerrado ecoregion. Habitats can be grouped into five units:

Highland wet forests
Flooded and riverside forests.
Dry forests.
Highland sheets.
Savannah wetlands.

The park is important as a biological reserve in global terms due to the surface area of ​​the protected area and its pristine state, giving protection to dry forests, closed forests and savanna wetlands9 that in other parts of the continent are being destroyed at an accelerated rate for conversion in agricultural and livestock lands.

Flora
The floristic records show that the flora of the park is rich in diversity of vegetative formations extremely interesting because of the endemisms, adaptations and uniqueness of some communities, it has approximately 4,000 species of vascular plants.

There are several species of orchids, bromeliads, passionflower, heliconias, araceae and palm trees in the park. Highlights species of economic importance such as the Mara, the Oak, the Cedar (Cedrela odorata), the gum, several species of palms such as asaí or palmito, in addition to an important diversity of species of orchids typical floristic communities of the phytogeographic province of the closed .

Wildlife
Mammals: in the park about 149 species of mammals are registered to date including species such as: jaguar, puma, anta, troop pig, marimono, deer and rare species such as the Monte puppy, borochi, 10 range, deer of the swamps, bufeo, londra and many others. The park gives protection to a total of 33 mammals.

Birds: 677 species have been registered in the park with 20% of the birds in South America, but this number is estimated to increase when all migrants and occasional visitors are added to the list. Some of the most common birds are: Pava, paraba, parrot, toucan, hawk, partridge, duck, duck, heron, kingfisher and others. Small endemic birds of the region are found, such as Sporophila nigrorufa, outstanding rare birds, such as the harpy eagle, the piyo and many others. The park has a total of 29 species that have been classified as threatened or endangered.

Reptiles: about 74 reptile species are recorded in the park including the black alligator, land turtle, sicurí, tataruga, rattlesnake, chonono cascable, iguana and many others. Recent studies have produced 7 new records for the country, of which 3 are new species for science and therefore endemic to the region.

Amphibians and fish: the park has a total of 62 species of amphibians, all of the order Anura, toads and frogs. Fish are the least studied vertebrates in the area, but they are very important due to the dependence of the human population on this resource as food. A recent expedition has registered a total of 250 species of fish.

Invertebrates: invertebrates are the most abundant organisms in the park. But they are the least studied groups of animals. There is a list of 347 species of insects.

Archeology
The Piso Firme region has archaeological sites. In the area of ​​influence there are, on the other hand, sites of great historical value such as the colonial churches of the Jesuit Missions of Bolivia in the towns of San Ignacio de Velasco, Concepción, Guarayos and San Javier.

Population
There are no settlers inside the park. In the area of ​​influence there are traditional Chiquitano and Guarasug´we indigenous communities and peasants, and on the other side of the river there are Brazilian populations of peasants and merchants.

Threats
Along the border with Brazil and the western limit of the area, there are incursions of Brazilian chainsaws and loggers who exploit mara and palm hearty asaí. There are also poaching of wildlife.

In the vicinity of the town of Santa Rosa de La Roca (on the road between Concepción and San Ignacio de Velasco) and entering more than 100 km by neighborhood roads, there are various communities of both people from the place and immigration from the west and South of the country, which are mainly dedicated to agriculture, and forest use. In the medium term, settlements could affect large areas of the national park, changing from protected areas to agricultural production areas. The residents of surrounding areas have denounced deforestation and irregular settlement in this sector.

 

Activities
Ecotourism
The package for tourists includes accommodation and three meals per day. The Flor de Oro and Fierros camps have tourist infrastructure. The main camp is located in Flor de Oro. There is a community ecotourism venture, called "Lost World", led by the community of Florida adjacent to the PNNKM. The community offers basic services and local guides.

Landscape values and visual quality
Scenic values
The park covers a large part of the Caparú or Huanchaca plateau, which rises up to 1,000 meters above sea level, determining a slope of approximately 600 m above the surrounding plain. This formation contains important habitats of great biological diversity and forms a spectacular setting for its waterfalls such as the Rainbow Falls among others, it is believed that these spaces were the inspiration of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle to write his novel "The Lost World".

 

 

 

 

 

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