Ancient ruins of
pre Colombian city of
Tiahuanaco (Tiwanaku) are located in La Paz Department in
Archaeological Site is situated at an elevation
12,500 ft. First people came here
around 1700 BC. Capital of the ancient Tiwanaku Empire reached apogee of its
power between 500 AD and 900 AD. Residents of Tiahuanaco constructed several
pyramids, religious temples and other buildings with precision and
techniques unseen in other parts of the World. The city grew wealthy due to
copper mines found nearby. Additionally peasants used irrigational system
that used waters of Titicaca to feed fields around the city. Farms fed the
people and herds of domesticated alpacas provided the indigenous tribes with
Akapana Pyramid of Tiahuanaco (Tiwanaku)
Akapana Pyramid or Piramide de Akapana is the largest
structure in Tiahuanaco (Tiwanaku). It stood at least 15 meters above
plateau level. Some of the stones that make its base weight as much as
200 tons. How ancient people managed to construct this magnificent
structure is still a mystery. Archaeologists still dig on the site. They
managed to discover an underground subterranean temple. Additionally
Akapana Pyramid of Tiahuanaco (Tiwanaku) served as a mausoleum.
Archaeologists discovered a skeleton of high chief who was buried
with a sacrificial lama as well as gold jewellery, pottery and other
Gate of the Sun of Tiahuanaco (Tiwanaku)
Gate of the Sun in Tiahuanaco (Tiwanaku) is one of the
most famous monuments in Tiahuanaco (Tiwanaku) as well as Bolivia. It is
located near shores of the lake Titicaca in La Paz. They measure 3
meters high and 4 meters long. Gate of the Sun was constructed from a
single piece of stone with carved reliefs. The upper part of door
contain a sculpture of a mythical creature that combines features of a
human, snake, condor and a cat as a combination of various forces of
nature. Additionally there are inscriptions of 48 man- condors that face
the central figure and fancy characters. These hieroglyphs were
deciphered in 1949. It turned out to be a complex astronomical calendar.
Ancient year of residents of Tiahuanaco (Tiwanaku) contained 290 days.
The calendar also had 10 months, with eight months that contained 24
days and two months with 25 days.
In the ancient times the Gate of the Sun was covered by
gold leafs. Remains of gold stud were discovered still in place.
Additionally there is a Gate of the Moon situated nearby.
Pumapunktu or Puma Punku Tiahuanaco (Tiwanaku)
Pumapunktu is part of an expansive temple complex in
Tiahuanaco (Tiwanaku). It has an appearance of a terraced mound that
measured 167 meters long and 117 wide. Its most interesting find are
carved stones used in its construction. Historians and archaeologist
alike can not explain how did ancient residents of Tiahuanaco (Tiwanaku)
managed to achieve such precision.