Easter Island (in Rapanui language: Rapa Nui,
"Rapa Grande") is an island in Chile located in Polynesia, in the
middle of the Pacific Ocean at 3700 km from Caldera. It covers a
total area of 163.6 km², which makes it the largest of the islands
of Chile, and a population of 7,750 inhabitants, concentrated in
Hanga Roa, capital and only existing town on the island. The nearest
inhabited land is the British territory of the Pitcairn Islands.
The island is one of the main tourist destinations
of the country due to its natural beauty and its mysterious
ancestral culture of the Rapanui ethnic group, whose most notable
vestige corresponds to huge statues known as moái. To preserve these
characteristics, the government administers the Rapa Nui National
Park through Conaf, while Unesco declared this park a World Heritage
Site in 1995. Every statue was erected by a particular family
that lives on the island. Despite years of abandonment these
magnificent structures survive in near perfect condition.
Administratively, it forms, together with the
uninhabited island Salas y Gómez, the commune of Easter Island that
forms the province of Easter Island, belonging to the Valparaíso
Region. However, a constitutional reform - the 20193 law, published
on July 30, 2007 - established the Easter island as a "special
territory", so that its government and administration will be
governed by a special statute, contemplated in the constitutional
organic law respective, still to be dictated.