Lauca National Park is a protected reserve in Arica-Parinacota
Region of Chile. Lauca National Park covers a total area of 1,379 km².
It rains summer and snows in winter. The climate is fairy dry with
280 mm of annual average precipitation and an average temperature
that oscillates between 12 and 20 ° C during the day and -3 to -10 °
C at night. In 1981, the park became part of the world list of
Unesco biosphere reserves. The Chilean government is studying the
disaffection of part of this national park to allow mining
exploitation by Codelco, Anglo American, BHP and Rio Tinto.
The relief of the park is, in general, irregular.
The Parinacota volcano reach and elevation of 6342 meters above sea
level; Pomerape stands at 6282 meters; Guallatiri, 6060 meters above
sea level, and Acotango 6050 meters above sea level.
Sites of greater scenic beauty The most
attractive places in this park are Lake Chungará (large emerald
green lake) with the snow-capped mountains of Payachatas, Tambo de
Chungará (archaeological site), Parinacota (colonial indigenous
architectural ensemble of the 17th century), the Cotacotani lagoons
(set of interconnected waters), Chucuyo (village of adobe houses
with thatched roofs), Rocky refuge and Chacus Incaico Las Cuevas
(archaeological sites), Las Cuevas hot springs (waters that emerge
from the bofedales at 31 ° C), Lauca river (in the vicinity of the
Chapiquiña and Milagro hills) and the Parinacota bofedal.