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Caparaó National Park





Location: Espírito Santo and Minas Gerais   Map



Description of Caparaó National Park

Caparaó National Park is protected area situated in Espírito Santo and Minas Gerais states in Brazil. The park is located on the border between the states of Espirito Santo and Minas Gerais and occupies seven cities on the side of Espírito Santo and four on the mining side. About 80% of the park is in the state of Espírito Santo. Pico da Bandeira, with 2,891 meters, the highest point of the park, is located on the border of the states. Pico do Cristal, with 2,769 meters is exclusively in Minas Gerais territory. The park also houses other peaks, smaller in size but also of considerable altitude, such as Cruz do Negro Hill (2,658 meters), Pedra Roxa (2,649 meters), Cabritos or Treasury Peak (2,620 meters), Tesourinho Peak (2,584 meters), and Pedra Girl (2,037 meters) all in Espírito Santo territory.

This park is one of the most representative areas of Atlantic Forest in the state of Espírito Santo, which covers much of the Serra do Caparaó, and is also found on the slopes of the Serra do Castelo, Forno Grande and Pedra Azul. Serra do Caparaó is a branch of the Serra da Mantiqueira, interconnecting with the Serra do Brigadeiro and Pai Inácio in Minas Gerais.





Around 1859, the emperor Dom Pedro II ordered that an empire flag be placed on the highest peak of the Caparaó Mountain. The name Pico da Bandeira is believed to be due to this fact.

Serra do Caparaó was still the scene of the Guerrilha do Caparaó, political instability that occurred in 1964. In 1967, the Guerrilha do Caparaó was defeated by the Minas Gerais Military Police and not by the Armed Forces, which arrived after a statement from the Military Police reporting the arrest. of the revolutionaries.

The guerrillas, already weakened and ill due to the weather and the difficulties of survival in such an inhospitable place, were reported by a pharmacy owner from Espera Feliz, at the time belonging to the municipality of Carangola. The police reported the fact to the command of the battalion, which sent only one small troop, who went to the scene and arrested them. Several wounded in Guerrilla were reportedly taken to the Casa de Charidade hospital in Carangola.

It is located on the border of the states of Minas Gerais and Espírito Santo, and 79.4% of its area is within the state of Espírito Santo. Its coordinates are between 20º19 'and 20º 37' S latitude and between 41º43 'and 41º53' O longitude.

The region of the park is located 300 km from the state capital of Vitória, with access through the locality of Pedra Menina in Dores do Rio Preto, and 340 km from the mining capital Belo Horizonte, with access through the municipality of Alto Caparaó.

Caparaó National Park covers five municipalities on the Capixaba side of the Park and four on the mining side. The municipalities of Espírito Santo are: Jerônimo Monteiro, Iuna, Ibatiba, Ibitirama (where is the Pico da Bandeira), Irupi, Pains of Rio Preto, Divine of St. Lawrence, Guaçuí and Alegre; while the municipalities of Minas Gerais are: Alto Caparaó, Caparaó, Alto Jequitibá and Espera Feliz.

The average elevation is 997 meters at its lowest level, reaching 2,891 meters at Pico da Bandeira, which is the third largest gap in Brazil.

The climate of the park region is tropical in altitude, Cwb variation and has mild temperatures, with annual averages between 19 ° C and 22 ° C, but this mountainous region has lower average annual temperatures in areas of higher altitude.

The ridges of the parks are very cold places, being some of the coldest points of Brazil, in them the temperature can vary from 25 ° C to -10 ° C, and in winter, the peaks register frosts and temperatures of -4 ° C daily, but there is a park guide who claims to have recorded the temperature of -14 ° C at Pico da Bandeira (not considered an official marking). At the foot of Pico do Cristal there is a lake where it is registered at least one day a year with ice cover on site.

The park attracts many tourists, especially during winter holidays. Tourists come mainly in search of the cold weather, and to reach the summit of Pico da Bandeira because of its well-known sunrise view on the summit of Pico do Cristal. There are also those who come in search of tranquility.

The municipalities have untouched landscapes, both on the mining side, as on the capixaba side.

Its main accesses are the Pedra Branca Portal in the municipality of Dores do Rio Preto (ES) through which Casa Queimada is reached, beginning of the trail via Caparaó-Capixaba to Pico da Bandeira, and the Alto Caparaó Portal in the municipality of Alto Caparaó ( MG) with road to the lookout of the camp Tronqueira, origin of the trail through the mining slope to the referred flag.

Inside the parks
The park has areas for environmental education, camping, climbing to Pico da Bandeira, visitation, studies and research. Not the entire park is open to the public, as there is recovery of degraded areas and areas intended for wildlife. The park is an interesting visitation point, with beautiful views from many points.




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