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Chapada dos Guimarães National Park (Parque Nacional da Chapada dos Guimarães)

Chapada dos Guimarães National Park






Description of Chapada dos Guimarães National Park

Chapada dos Guimarães National Park is a Brazilian conservation unit, located in the state of Mato Grosso, in the municipalities of Chapada dos Guimarães and Cuiabá, which received the federal den through Decree 97.656, of April 12, 1989. It has an area total of 33,000 hectares. It is administered by the Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conservation (ICMBio).





The origins of the park date back to September 13, 1910, when the vice president of Mato Grosso, Colonel Pedro Celestino Corrêa da Costa, worried about the devastation of vegetation at the headwaters of the Coxipó-açu, Manso and Cuiabá rivers, declared that the area it was one of public utility. In 1984, a coalition of state environmentalists, artists and intellectuals launched a petition to protest the government's act of creating a nearby tourist complex. In February 1986, a national campaign was launched by NGOs to ask President Jose Sarney to create the national park.

The park was finally created on April 12, 1989 by Law 97,656, with 32,630 hectares (80,600 acres). It is found in the municipalities of Cuiabá and Chapada dos Guimarães. The objective is to protect significant samples of local ecosystems and to ensure the preservation of natural and archaeological sites by supporting appropriate use for visits, education and research.

The park is in the Pantanal Biosphere Reserve, which also includes the Pantanal, Emas and Serra da Bodoquena National Parks, as well as the Santa Bárbara Mountains, Taquari Springs and the Negro River Wetlands. The park is in the Paraguay River basin, protecting the headwaters of the Cuiabá River, one of the main feeders of the Mato Grosso Pantanal.

The geographical center of South America, formerly considered in the city of Cuiabá (where it is marked by a white marble obelisk), is in fact located in the park near the town of Chapada dos Guimarães, in the Geodesy Lookout.

The climate is tropical, with temperatures ranging from 12 to 25 ° C and annual precipitation from 1,800 to 2,000 millimeters. Rain falls mostly in spring and summer, with some rain in fall and winter. The park's terrain is characterized by large hills and red sandstone cliffs ranging from 600 to 800 meters in height. Visitor attractions include mountain peaks, waterfalls and caves.

Wildlife includes the jaguar, pampas deer, howler monkey, tapir, giant anteater, giant armadillo, maned wolf, rhea and seriema. Parrots, swallows and macaws nest on sandstone cliffs. The park is threatened by fires in the cold, dry and windy period of the year, often caused by human activities near or in the park. Lightning does not seem to be a major cause as it is usually followed by rain.




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