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Emas National Park

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Location: states of Goiás & Mato Grosso do Sul   Map

Area: 1320 sq km

 

 

Description of Emas National Park

Emas National Park is a protected park in thestates of Goiás & Mato Grosso do Sul and Brazil. It covers an area of 1320 sq km. Emas National Park is a Brazilian nature conservation unit located in the southwest of the state of Goiás. The park covers an area of 132,000 ha, distributed by the municipalities of Mineiros, Chapadão do Céu, and part of Costa Rica. (Mato Grosso do Sul).

Created through Decree No 49.874, issued 11th The first parameter is required, but it was supplied incorrectly! [[1980]] by the then President of the Republic, Juscelino Kubitschek, had its limits later revised by Decree 70.375 of April 6, 1972. The park preserves the various springs of the Jacuba and Formoso rivers, tributaries of the Paranaíba river of the basin. of the Paraná river.

Access to the park can be made by Serranópolis, Chapadão do Céu, or by Miners. It is currently administered by the Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conservation (ICMBio).

 

 

 

Climate
The UC region is characterized by the Tropical Climate , which includes almost all of the Midwest Region , with a warm climate, ranging from humid to semi-arid , with up to five months of drought.

According to the Köppen classification , the region fits into the AW type, characteristic of tropical humid climates, with two well-defined seasons: dry in winter and humid in summer.

Annual precipitation ranges between 1,200 and 3,000 mm and the duration of the dry period between 5 and 6 months. The rainfall total annual ranges 2000-3000 mm north of Mato Grosso , decreasing to West and South, where this value reaches levels around 1,500 mm west of Goiás and 1,250 mm in the Pantanal .

Despite this inequality, the region is well stocked with rainfall. Its seasonality is typically tropical, with maximum in summer and minimum in winter. More than 70% of the total rainfall accumulated during the year rains from November to March. In winter, rainfall is very rare, having at least one excessively dry month. To the south and northeast of Mato Grosso, July is the driest month. As one moves inland, the dry season increases, reaching up to four months. In the northwest and south of Goiás the drought is four months, while in the northeast increases to five months.

Hydrography
The hydrographic network of the PNE's catchment area is comprised of the Paranaíba river basins , one of the Paraná river tributaries , the Araguaia / Tocantins river basin and the Paraguay basin .

The PNE is located in Alto Paranaíba, in the Corrente river basin with about 7,300 km², has a predominantly elongated shape, with an average width of about 20 km, except for its headlands, in the PNE, where the dividers move considerably, reaching about 60 km wide.

Due to the peculiar shape of its basin, the Corrente River does not present any other relevant tributary (besides its formators, the Formoso and Jacuba rivers), along the 450 km of its course. Part of the contribution area of ​​the Araguaia river springs is located in the PNE, as well as in its Buffer Zone, where the Taquari springs , a tributary of the Paraguay River , are included .

Geology
The geology of the southern region is represented by a pile of relatively homogeneous sediments and associated volcanic rocks , deposited in the Paraná Synéclise or sedimentary basin .

The PNE area is supported by sandy sediments of the Bauru Group ( Adamantina Formation ), exposed in its northeast portion, due to the notch of the Jacuba river valley.

The relief and geomorphology of the PNE is inserted in the Northern Plateau of the Paraná Sedimentary Basin, comprising residual tabular forms in the elevated portions, partially eroded and dissected along the largest valleys.

The elevated portions are large plateaus covered by latosols and quartz sands, originally occupied by a mosaic of vegetal physiognomies characteristic of the Cerrado biome. Small forms of river accumulation complete the landscape, dominated by relatively high flat land.

The soils result from the weathering action on the pre-existing rocks and are associated with the relief forms established therein.

 

 

 

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