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Location: Mato Grosso do Sul  Map

Area: 76,400 ha

Serra da Bodoquena National Park

Serra da Bodoquena National Park

 

 

 

 

 

Description of Serra da Bodoquena National Park

Serra da Bodoquena National Park is a nature reserve situated in Mato Grosso do Sul State of Brazil. It covers an area of 76,400 ha. Much of the sediment in Serra da Bodoquena National Park were formed by dead algae that deposited at the sea floor for millions of years. Today these deposits keep reforming the appearance of the terrain in the region. Serra da Bodoquena National Park is famous for its beautiful clear waters full of aquatic life. Many tourists come here to do snorkelling in crystal clear rivers and lakes. Additionally there are numerous caves, pits and underground channels that dot the parks area.

 

 

 

 

 

The park is classified as IUCN Protection Area II (National Park). It aims to preserve natural ecosystems of great ecological relevance and scenic beauty, enabling scientific research, environmental education, outdoor recreation and ecotourism. Protected species include the blind husk (Ancistrus formoso), the jaguar (Panthera onca) and the puma (Puma concolor).

Geography
The park belongs to the cerrado biome. It covers an area of ​​77,022 hectares, was created on September 21, 2000 and is managed by the Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conservation. The park is located in the Pantanal Biosphere Reserve, which also includes the Pantanal, Chapada dos Guimarães and Emas national parks, as well as the Santa Bárbara Mountains, Taquari Springs and Rio Negro Wetlands. It covers parts of the municipalities of Porto Murtinho, Jardim, Bonito and Bodoquena, in Mato Grosso do Sul.

Geology
Modern and ancient calcareous tufts, the latter situated in abandoned drainage channels, have excellent leaf molds, which, together with studies of carbon and oxygen isotopes, enable paleoclimatic and paleohydrological interpretations. In addition to this scientific interest, limestone tufts form landscape sets of unusual beauty, much sought after by tourists, reasons that imply the need for preservation of these deposits and special attention to the water quality of their rivers, which depends on the continuity of the process. formation of these deposits

Hydrography
The rivers of the region are known for their very crystalline and bicarbonate waters of brackish taste. Such transparency is due to the following factors: the exit of the spring with very little turbidity, not acquiring clay in its movement, in the very pure limestone rocks prevent the presence of clay. This limestone present in the rivers that comes from such rocks present in the springs acts as a filter, depositing the impurities in the bottom, where rocks are in permanent dissolution and through fractures in the ground form caves, chasms and underground conduits.

Flora
In addition to the cerrado, typical vegetation of Central Brazil, it is found on the tops of hills, limestone soils and rocky outcrops where the Deciduous Seasonal Forest occurs, where the plants lose all leaves during the dry season. In other environments is present the Semideciduous Seasonal Forest, which loses only part of the leaves in the same period. Riparian forests present on riverbanks and streams lose few leaves, allowing moisture to be high throughout the forest. In addition, riparian forests play a great role in protecting the crystalline waters of rivers, protecting the soil from rain. strong and preventing the river from being silted by mounds of land carried by them.

Fauna
The fauna in the Bodoquena Plateau is interesting for its habits. In the dry season their agitation is a sign that to provide the birth of their puppies in the spring and grow when the food supply is greater. There is a very harmonious symbiosis between the Serra da Bodoquena species. Birds and capybaras are an example, after all fleas become food for birds and the capybara gets cleansed. The same is true of yellow-robin alligators, common in the region, and butterflies. So far more than 340 species of birds, 195 of mammals and 50 of fish are known.

Climate
The tropical climate, with average temperature ranging from 25 to 30 ° C in summer from 15 to 20 ° C in winter, can reach 0 to 40 º C. Summer is rainy, and dry winter are the two seasons present in the Bodoquena Plateau. . The average rainfall ranges from 1200 to 1500 mm per year and the dry period lasts 3 to 4 months with brief droughts from May to August. On the Bodoquena Plateau, located on the southeastern edge of the Pantanal complex, Mato Grosso do Sul State, numerous limestone tufa deposits are under development along the current drainage in the form of waterfalls and natural dams. The turbidity of the river waters is practically nil, and this is due to the fact that its headwaters, which cut through the plateau and end on the left bank of the Miranda River, are located in very pure limestone exposure areas.

 

 

 

 

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