Cangandala National Park

Cangandala National Park

Location: Malanje Province  Map

Area: 600 km²


Description of Cangandala National Park

Cangandala National Park is a protected reserve situated in Malanje Province of Angola. It covers a total area of 600 square kilometers. Cangandala National Park that is located in Malanje Province and covers 600 square km is the smallest national park in the country. Yet it is fairly well developed comparing to the rest of the country. You can buy supplies that you might need in the towns of Techongolola and Culamagia. Although it is not advisable to buy locally prepared food. It is not much different from playing Russian Roulette with a semi- automatic pistol.
Cangandala National Park was found in 1963, while Angola was under Portuguese control in order to preserve Giant Sable Antelope that was discovered here the same year. Additionally it was intended to protect the habitat of this rear and beautiful animal. On June 25th 1970 Cangandala National Park was officially established. During the Civil war in Angola the park was closed and its services suspended. Only in 2006 the administartion of the Cangandala National Park was returned to park.

The park is located in the north of Malange province. The northern border runs along the Cuije River, while the eastern and western borders are two unnamed tributaries of the Kwanza River. To the east of the park is the city of Culamagia, and to the south is Techongolola. The park is located in a flat area at an altitude of 1000 meters above sea level. The area of ​​the park is 630 km², it is the smallest national park in Angola.

The basis of the park is sparse forest, gallery forests can be found along the rivers, part of the park is represented by flooded meadows and swamps. Woodland Park has thicker undergrowth than miombo. The flora of the park is mainly represented by Brachystegia wangermeeana, Brachystegia boehmii and Julbernardia, there are also Piliostigma, Burkea, Monotes, strychnos, sterculia and Dombeya. In the area between meadows and woodlands, you can find lone trees Uapaca benguelensis, Piliostigma, Annona, Entadopsis and Erythrina abyssinica. Papyrus is widespread in the marshy part.

A large number of birds live in the park. During the observation period from August to September, the researchers noted more than 170 species. Due to the nature of the woodland, the typical inhabitants of the miombo are not typical for it. A large endangered herbivore species, the black antelope (Hippotragus niger variani), lives in the park. From 1982 to 2005, there was no direct evidence that antelopes still existed. In April 2005, an expedition from the Catholic University's Center for Scientific Studies and Investigation managed to photograph animals in the park. In September 2014, there were 35 of them. In addition, 15 species of mammals, 3 species of reptiles and one species of amphibians live in the park.

The park was formed in 1970, its main task is to preserve the black antelope (Hippotragus niger variani). During the war, the administration of the park was abolished and only in 2006 the administrative building was restored on the territory of the park. In 2014, equipment for monitoring the animal population was delivered to the park.