Abu Ghurab or Abu Gorab (also Abu Gurob and Abu Jirab)
Archaeological Site is an ancient temple dedicated to the Egyptian
Sun god Ra. Abu Ghurab is situated not far from the ancient capital
of Memphis. Complex of Abu Ghurab Archaeological Site was
constructed in 2450- 2430 BC during reign of pharaoh of Nyuserre
Ini. Despite its similarity with other religious complexes Abu
Ghurab was never used as a burial chamber.
The temple consisted of two parts - dolny and forges. The first of
them is currently flooded and little accessible for archaeological
research. The hallmark of the temple was an obelisk and nine
reservoirs of unknown purpose (possibly used to collect sacrificial
blood). On the walls of the temple are depicted the cheb-sed of
Niuserra and the creation of the world by the god Ra. On the south
side of Abu Gorab, scientists discovered a sun boat.