Bahariya Oasis is located near Cairo. It is also known after a small
village of Bawiti where most of buses will take you. Black desert
that surrounds Bahariya Oasis once was a home for a largest land
carnivore spinosaurus. Wahati that live here derive their name from
an Arab word that means "oasis". They are predominantly Muslims and
minarets define the landscape in the area around Bahariya Oasis. A
temple in Bahariya Oasis was dedicated to Alexander the Great
commemorating the conqueror who is said to pass the oasis on his way
to oracle of Ammun during his conquest. Besides a huge cache of
Greco- Roman mummies are found here.
The Baharia oasis consists of several villages,
the largest of which (the administrative center of the district) is
called Baviti. In the neighborhood is the village of Qasr. To the
east, about ten kilometers, lie the villages of Mandishah and
Ez-Zabu, between which the small village of Aguz is located. A few
kilometers to the east is the easternmost village, Harra. The last
village is called Khiyaz, but it is not considered by all to be part
of Baharia, as it is too remote from all other villages, about 50 km
south of Baviti.
The population of the oasis, or Wahati
people (from the Arabic word waha, that is, an oasis), are the
descendants of the ancient people who inhabited the oasis, the
Bedouin tribes from Libya and the northern coast, as well as other
peoples of the Nile Valley, who settled in the oasis.
Wahati people are Muslims. There are many mosques in Baharia. The
social structure in the oasis is strongly influenced by Islam.
Traditional music is very important for wahati. At public
gatherings, especially at weddings, they play music with the help of
flutes, drums and simsimia (an instrument like a harp). Traditional
rural songs are passed down from generation to generation, and new
songs are composed. Contemporary Arabic music is also popular in the
The ruins of the temple of Alexander the Great
remained in Baharia. Some archaeologists believe that the commander
passed through Baharia, returning from the oracle of Amun from the
oasis of Siwa. In 1996, excavations of the Greco-Roman necropolis,
known as the Valley of the Golden Mummies, began. About 34 tombs of
that era were excavated.
In the ancient rocks of the oasis,
scientists discovered the remains of skeletons of a
carcharodontosaurus, bachariasaurus and dentosuchus dating back
about 95 million years ago.