Dahshur Archaeological Site is an ancient archeological site
located 40 km South of Cairo in Egypt. The unique architecture of
pyramids presented here made this site an UNESCO World Heritage
Site. The most notable structures of the site is Bent (South)
Pyramid and Red (North) Pyramid that were constructed during rule of
Sneferu of the 4th dynasty. These magnificent tombs are easily
accessed by roads. You have to take in consideration that hiking
around a desert carries its dangers. Take plenty of water with you,
cover your head and take plenty of sun screen if you don't want to
burn under unforgiving Saqqara sun.
Bent Pyramid is
considered to be the first true pyramid in the ancient Egypt
constructed by Sneferu (father of Khufu) in 2613- 2589 BC. This
impressive structure became a traditional way to bury the royals
during the period of the Old Kingdom. Most of its interior was
preserved by the dry and hot climate of the desert. The walls of the
structure have an angle of 55 degrees from usual 60 degrees. It was
changed to accommodate cracks that appeared in the structure of the
building during its construction.
Red Pyramid derives its
name from a color of the brick that covers its smooth, perfect side.
It is the first classic Egyptian pyramid constructed in the land.
This will become the model for construction of all other great tombs
that were erected in the ancient Egypt. Other pyramids include
pyramid of king Amenemhat II, Amenemhat III, Sesostris III and many
others. Wives of historic rulers are also buried here alongside
their spouses, but in much more modest structures.