Ramesseum Archaeological Site

Ramesseum Archaeological Site

Location: Luxor, Luxor Governorate Map

Open: 6am- 4pm daily- winter

6am- 5pm daily- summer


Description of Ramesseum Archaeological Site

Ramesseum Archaeological Site is an ancient archaeological site constructed by Ramesses II the Great as a mortuary temple complex dedicated to the great pharaoh. Ramesseum stands on the opposite side of the Nile river across modern city of Luxor in Luxor Governorate, Egypt. Its construction began in 13th century BC and was continued by the subsequent generations.


The ancient complex is ruined, but its size is impressive. The architectural performance is similar to the late temple in Medinet Abu, but the scale is more impressive. The Ramesseum stood in the center of a residential block surrounded by a clay wall. To the left of the temple was the pavilion of the pharaoh, and to the right and behind were countless small buildings with semicircular roofs, which served as housing for workers, workshops and warehouses. A channel led to the Nile.

Memorial temples, like the pyramids, were built during the life of the pharaohs. The monarch himself compiled his biography, a list of virtuous acts and commanded them to be carved on the stone walls of temples. Ramses II apparently considered the battle of the Kadesh and the Hittites the main feat of his life, although, according to historians, it was not at all a triumph of the Egyptian army. On both pylons of the Ramesseum, scenes of this battle and the "Pentaurus Poem" are depicted, both in the Luxor and Karnak temples and in Abu Simbel.

In the first courtyard separating the pylons, on the ground lies the upper part of the statue of Ramses II. She, apparently, was 18 m high with a pedestal, and weighed about 1000 tons. In a huge hypostyle hall, 29 columns were preserved (originally there were 48) supporting the remains of the vaults. Behind the hall are two rooms. In the first of them is a ceiling with the image of heavenly bodies. Warehouses made of bricks behind the temple (they can be easily seen from the hillock near the road) served as barns. They are clear evidence that the Ramesseum was surrounded by vast lands.