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Location: Afar Region  Map

Area: 756 km²

Awash National Park

Awash National Park








Description of Awash National Park


Awash National Park is a protected reserve in Afar Region in central Ethiopia. It is situated 225 km South of Addis Ababa, capital of Ethiopia. Awash National Park was designated as UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1980. It covers an area of 756 km² around picturesque dormant Fantale volcano that reaches an elevation of 2007 meters. Awash National Park is named after Awash river that flows through its territory. Its magnificent water falls (especially Awash waterfall) draw thousands of tourists annually here. Kudu Valley in the north part of the park contains several hot springs or Filwoha surrounded by minor groves of palm trees. Natural biosphere is inhabited by over species of 400 birds as well as 46 species of mammals. This include hippos, caracals, zebras, hyenas, leopards, several species of baboons, Soemmerring's Gazelle, East African Oryx, Warthogs and many more.





Awash National Park is located in the Lady and Awash River Basin in central Ethiopia, in the southern part of the Afar region, 225 kilometers east of Addis Ababa. To the east of the park is the largest city closest to it - Awash. The southern border of the park runs along the Avash River and Basaka Lake. In the reserve, the Avash River forms waterfalls.

The reserve area exceeds 756 km². Its territory is covered with acacia groves and grass savannah, and is divided into two parts by the Addis Ababa-Dyre-Daua highway laid here. In the north it is the plain of Illalah-Sakha, in the south - the valley of Kidu.

Awash National Park was founded in 1966. Among the animals living here, the following antelopes should be noted - East African oryx, Somali gazelle, dikdi, kudu. About 350 species of birds live here. In the Kidu valley, located on a hill, there are hot springs around which palm oases have formed.

Discovered at the location of Lee Adoyta in the Ledi-Geraru region, the jaw LD 350-1 is either the oldest fossil of the genus Homo (2.8 Ma) or a transitional form between Afar Australopithecus and humans of the species Homo habilis and Homo rudolfensis.




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