Location: 100 km (60 mi) West of Nairobi Map
Area: 68.25 km²
Tel. 050 50407
Open: 6am- 6pm daily
Hell's Gate National Park is located 100 km (60
mi) West of Nairobi in Kenya. Hell's Gate National Park covers an
area of 68.25 km². The national park got its name because of the
narrow passage in the rocks, which was once a tributary of a
prehistoric lake in the rift valley. This name was given to the
place back in 1883 by researchers Fisher and Thomson. In the early
1900s, Longonot volcano woke up and ashes are still found throughout
the park. In 1981, the Olkaria geothermal station was created, the
first of its kind in Africa, generating geothermal energy from hot
springs and geysers. The park was officially established in 1984.
Gates of Hell National Park covers an area of 68.25 square kilometers and is relatively small by African standards. The park is located in Nakuru County, Rift Valley Province near Lake Naivasha, about 90 kilometers from Nairobi at an altitude of about 1900 m above sea level. The park has a warm and dry climate. There are two extinct volcanoes in the park - Olkaria and Khobli. There you can also find obsidian forms from cooled molten lava. In the park there is a gorge “Gates of Hell”, consisting of red rocks, in which there are two volcanic extrusive bismalites: the Fisher Tower and the Central Tower. Starting from the Central Tower, a smaller gorge begins, which extends south and descends to the hot springs.
Flora and fauna
The park has a wide variety of species of large animals, although many of them are present in small quantities. Small species include lions, leopards and cheetahs. Damans, African buffalo, zebras, canna antelopes, congonis, Thomson's gazelle and baboons are widespread in the park. The park is also the habitat of the serval and a small number of springbok antelopes and mountain redunks. The park has more than 100 species of birds, including vultures, Kaffir eagle, rock buzzard and swifts. Historically, the park was the habitat of a rare bearded man.
The park is popular because of its proximity to Nairobi and lower fees compared to other national parks. The Gates of Hell is one of two Kenyan national parks where hiking, cycling and motorbiking are allowed. Kenyan newspaper Daily Nation describes mountain climbing in the park as "very exciting." She also recommends the Joy Adamson Center and boating on Lake Naivasha. Masai Cultural Center conducts educational activities about the culture and traditions of the Masai tribe.
Entrance fee to the park (2013):
Citizens of States
East Africa 300 KSh
Students and children of states
East African 200 KSh
Citizens of others
states $ 25
Students and children
other states $ 15
less than 6 places (for 1 day) 300 KSh