Kenya

 

Kenya Destinations Travel Guide

 

Flag of Kenya

Language: English, Swahili

Currency: Kenyan Shilling (KES)

Calling call: +254

 

Kenya, officially the Republic of Kenya (in Swahili: Jamhuri and Kenya, in English, Republic of Kenya), is an East African country, which borders Ethiopia to the north, Somalia to the east, Tanzania to the south, Uganda to the west and South Sudan to the northwest, with the Indian Ocean batheing its southeast coast. Lake Victoria is located to the southwest and is shared with Uganda and Tanzania. Its capital is Nairobi. The country extends over 580 367 km² in area and its population is 39 million people with people from many cultures and origins. The name of the country is named after Mount Kenya, a traditional place in the country and the second highest mountain in Africa. Kenya is also known for its biodiversity in animals and a wide variety of ecosystems. Kenya has 47 districts, each with a semi-autonomous government with respect to the central government of Nairobi. Geographically, Kenya is divided into several areas with a very variable demography, with areas of savannas, arid and semi-arid, and a large coast with the Indian Ocean. The central regions and the west have forests and mountains, while the northern regions are more arid.

As part of East Africa, Kenya has been home to man since the Early Paleolithic. The Bantu expansion reached the area in the first millennium before our era, and the limits of the modern state include the steps of the linguistic and cultural areas of the Nile-Saharan, Afro-Asian and Bantu, so Kenya has been a multiethnic country from its origins. The European and Arab presence in Mombasa goes back to the principles of the Modern Age, but the exploration of the interior began in the 19th century. The British Empire established the East African Protectorate in 1895, known as the Kenya Colony since 1920. The Independent Republic of Kenya was established in 1963.

The capital of Kenya, Nairobi, is a city of great commercial importance in Africa. The economy of Kenya is also the largest gross domestic product in the East and Central Africa. The country has been a traditional producer of tea and coffee, and more recently has been dedicated to the export of cut flowers to Europe. More and more Kenya is devoting itself to the telecommunications industry. Kenya is also a world power in sport, giving the best athletes as the champion Paul Tergat and more recently David Rudisha.

 

Travel Destinations in Kenya

Amboseli National Park is situated 230 km (142 mi) South of Nairobi in Kajiado District, Rift Valley Province in Kenya.

Arabuko Sokoke National Park is located 110 km North of Mombasa in Kenya. This Kenyan national park covers an area of 6 km².

Chyulu Hills National Park were formed 1.4 million years ago due to volcanic activity. The last eruption occurred in the middle of the 19th century.

Fort Jesus was constructed in 1593 on the orders of king of Philip II of Spain also known as king Philip I of Portugal. It is located on the strategic grounds and served in defence of the ships stationed in the harbor.

Hell's Gate National Park is located 100 km (60 mi) West of Nairobi in Kenya. Hell's Gate National Park covers an area of 68.25 km².

Jumba la Mtwana is a located 15 km North of Mobasa in Kenya. Jumba la Mtwana is a an archaeological site of a fifteenth century slave trade port on the shore of an Indian Ocean.

Kakamega Forest is a large expanse of untouched biosphere located in a Western Province of Kenya. Kakamega Forest covers an area of 230 sq km.

Kimana Wildlife Sanctuary is a nature reserve located 30 km (19 mi) Southeast of Amboseli in Kenya.

Lake Baringo is a freshwater lake situated in a Rift Valley in Kenya. Lake Baringo covers an area of 50 mi² (130 km²).

Lake Chala is situated 8 km north of Taveta on the border between Kenya and Tanzania on the Eastern side of Mount Kilimanjaro.

Lake Magadi is situated in the Kenyan Rift Valley in Kenya. Lake Magadi covers an area of 100 km². It is famous for a large population of pink flamingos that nest here in great numbers.

The name of Lake Naivasha come from a local Maasai language as "rough water". This name is given due to sudden changes of weather that turn to violent storms.

Lake Nakuru National Park is a nature reserve situated 160 km (100 mi) North of Nairobi in Kenya. The name of the lake literally means "Dust or Dusty Place".

Lamu Archipelago is a group of islands in the Indian Ocean situated just off the coast of Kenya. It includes Lamu, Manda, Pate, Kiwayu islands.

Mara River is a river that flows through Kenya and Tanzania. It is famous as a crossing site of antelopes, zebras and many species of large game that migrate through the region.

Nairobi is the largest city Kenya as well as its capital. Kenyan capital became famous in 1998. On August 7th it became the site of a terrorist attack against American embassy that took lives of 223 people.

Nairobi National Park is a nature reserve situate 7 km (4 mi) South of Nairobi capital of Kenya. This protected biosphere is the first national park and protects an area of 117 km2 (45 sq mi).

Nguruman Escarpment is situated 140 km (87 mi) South of Nairobi in Kenya. Escarpment is a term that describes geologic formation of a long cliff that forms when two level plates move pass one another.

Olorgesailie Prehistoric Site is situated 65 km (40 mi) South of Nairobi in Kenya. It is famous archaeological site of ancient human settlements that date back to the Lower Palaeolithic Period (over 300,000 years ago).

Ruins of Gedi is an archaeological site situated 1 km (1/2 mi) North of Watamu in Kenya. Gedi is a medieval town was an important trade center along the ocean sea.

Shimba Hills National Reserve is a biosphere reserve situated 55 km (34 mi) South of Mombasa in Kenya. Shimba Hills National Reserve covers an area of 193 km2 (74.33 sq mi).

Shimoni Slave Caves are situated near Shimoni in South eastern Kenya on the border with Tanzania. It was an important port city on the shore of the Indian Ocean.

Tsavo National Park Tsavo East and Tsavo West National Parks are two protected areas situated 230 km (143 km) Southeast of Nairobi in Kenya. The line that divides these two expanses of protected biosphere is the road A109

 

Etymology

The country is named after Mount Kenya, which in the Kikuyu language is called Kere Nyaga ("mountain" or "white mountain").

 

History of Kenya

Antiquity
Kenya is located on the territory, which, according to many scientists, is the ancestral home of mankind. There, on the eastern coast of Lake Rudolf, tools and remains of the ancestors of people who supposedly lived about 3 million years ago in Lomekvi were found.

Much later, the territory of Kenya was inhabited by people close in their features to the current Ethiopian race. Also there lived tribes of the Khoisan (now South African) racial type. Later, the Negroid Bantu-speaking tribes came from the west, the ancestors of the modern Pokomo, Swahili and Mijikenda.

In the 7th-8th centuries, Swahili trading centers began to form on the coast of Kenya (Lamu, Manda, Pate (German), Malindi, Mombasa, etc.). They were engaged in intermediary trade between the hinterland of Africa with India and Arabia. Iron, gold, ivory, rhinoceros horn, slaves were exported from Africa, and metal weapons, handicrafts, fabrics were imported.

Middle Ages
In 1498, ships of the Portuguese expedition under the command of Vasco da Gama, who were looking for a sea route to India, sailed to the coast of Kenya. At the beginning of the 16th century, the Portuguese captured many port cities on the coast of Kenya to use them as waypoints on their way to India.

However, in the middle of the 17th century, the rulers of the Sultanate of Oman began to expel the Portuguese from Kenya. By 1699, the Omani Imam Sultan ibn Saif had finally taken possession of Mombasa and expelled the Portuguese from the entire coast. The rulers of Oman put in power their deputies from local residents who claimed to be of Arab origin.

19th century
By the beginning of the 19th century, the slave trade had become the backbone of Kenya's economy. One of the main routes of Arab slave traders in East Africa ran from Mombasa to the African state of Vanga.

At the beginning of the 19th century, separatist tendencies arose in Mombasa - the Swahili Mazrui dynasty sought independence from the sultans of Zanzibar and established its dominion over the entire coast of East Africa.

In 1824, the Mazrui took over the British protectorate over Mombasa. However, this did not help them. In 1828, the Sultan of Zanzibar sent a fleet to Mombasa and defeated the troops of Mazrui. The war continued until 1837, ending with the victory of the Sultan of Zanzibar. All members of the Mazrui family were sent as slaves to Oman.

Since 1846, Christian missionaries have appeared in Kenya, first on the coast, and then in the central regions.

Since the 1870s, East Africa has become the object of rivalry between the European powers, primarily Britain and Germany. In 1886, they concluded an agreement on the division of East Africa, according to which the territory of present-day Kenya entered the British sphere of influence.

In 1890, Britain and Germany concluded the so-called Helgoland Treaty, according to which the British gave Germany the island of Heligoland off its northern coast, recognized Germany's rights to Tanganyika (the mainland of modern Tanzania), and in return received rights to Kenya and Zanzibar.

Since 1890, the British began to intensively develop the fertile lands in the interior of Kenya, founding a "white" settlement colony. Already in 1897-1901, a railway and a communication line from Mombasa to Lake Victoria were built. The British settlers created large plantation farms, including for the production of export crops - tea, coffee, sisal. The British created enterprises for the processing of agricultural products, the production of consumer goods, infrastructure, and so on.

20th century
At the beginning of the 20th century, British immigration to Kenya intensified. In 1902, in the administrative center of the East African protectorate of Nairobi, British settlers created the first public organization - the Colonists' Association. In 1906, under the British governor, two councils were formed - the Executive and the Legislative, which included only whites.

In 1907, by order of the British governor in Kenya, slavery, traditionally practiced by local African tribes, was prohibited.

Since the 20th century, Islam began to spread on the coast of Kenya.

During the First World War, the British authorities mobilized about 200,000 Kenyans into the army, mainly as military cargo carriers, but several thousand locals (as part of the Royal African Rifle Corps) took a direct part in the hostilities against German troops in East Africa.

Since 1927, elected representatives of Arabs and Asians (mainly from South Asia) entered the Legislative Council, Kenyans received first place in the Legislative Council only in 1944, at the same time the Kenya Africans Association was created (since 1946 - the Union of Africans of Kenya, SAK) , the first mass political organization in the country to lead the liberation struggle. The SAC program contained the following basic requirements: the transfer of political power to Africans, the guarantee of the rights of all racial minorities and the elimination of racial discrimination, the satisfaction of Africans' need for land, the free activity of trade unions, and the immediate holding of elections.

 

In 1949, the East African Congress of Trade Unions (WAKP) was created, uniting Negro and Indian workers for the first time. The strike movement intensified. In May 1950, a general strike took place in Nairobi in response to the arrest of WACP leaders.

In October 1952, the Mau Mau rebellion broke out in Kenya. In this regard, a state of emergency was introduced in the country. The colonial authorities arrested 86 SAC leaders, including SAC chairman (since 1947) Jomo Kenyatta. On a false charge of leading the "terrorist organization" Mau-Mau "" Kenyatta and 5 other leaders of the SAC in April 1953 were sentenced to 7 years in prison each, in June the SAC was banned. In 1959, it was revealed that police had bribed witnesses to indict and convict Kenyatta and other SAC leaders.

The Mau Mau uprising was mainly attended by the Kikuyu, Embu, and Meru tribes. According to some estimates, the partisan army reached 30 or even 50 thousand fighters. This army was led by 32-year-old Dedan Wachiuri Kimati from the Kikuyu tribe, who had experience in the British army.

Mau Mau guerrillas, armed with small arms, as well as spears, bows and knives, attacked local police stations, killed blacks who worked for the British, looted and burned the farms of English settlers.

Even according to official figures, by 1955 more than 11 thousand Africans were killed, more than 60 thousand were in concentration camps. Fleeing from punitive expeditions, the population fled to the mountains and created partisan detachments. Hard-to-reach forest areas in the mountains of Kenya and Aberdare became the main centers of resistance.

In 1956, the Mau Mau partisans were defeated, most of their commanders were killed or captured, including the commander-in-chief Kimati, who was executed.

Also in 1956, Africans were granted limited voting rights.

On January 12, 1960, the colonial authorities, seeking to impose pacification, lifted the state of emergency and allowed the formation of African political parties. In March 1961, elections were held (based on a constitution that came into force in February 1961) to the Legislative Council, which brought a majority to the National Union of Africans of Kenya - KANU (23 seats) created in 1960 and the Democratic Union of Africans of Kenya - KADU (16 places). Although both parties were in favor of granting independence, significant disagreements arose between them, primarily on issues of the state structure of the country after independence. KANU (enjoyed the support of the two largest ethnic groups of the population - Kikuyu and Luo) advocated a unitary state, and KADU (expressed the interests of the coastal peoples and the small pastoral population of the highlands) for a federal one. After the elections, the leaders of KADU, violating the agreement with KANU on the refusal to form a government until the liberation of Kenyatta, entered the new government.

In August 1961, under the pressure of mass demonstrations, Kenyatta was released (since 1959, after the end of his prison term, he was in exile in the north of the country), and at the end of October he took over as chairman of KANU.

In February-April 1962, a conference was held in London to consider the draft of a new constitution. During the work of the conference and subsequent negotiations, decisions were made to divide the country into 7 provinces with significant autonomy for the provincial authorities.

In May 1963, on the basis of a new constitution, elections were held for the National Assembly, which brought victory to the KANU party; the KADU party was defeated (in November 1964, its self-dissolution was announced). On June 1, 1963, the country received internal self-government. Jomo Kenyatta became Kenya's first prime minister.

At a conference held in London in September-October 1963, at the insistence of the KANU delegation, changes were made to the constitution that expanded the powers of the central government. The liberation struggle of the Kenyans forced the British government to agree to the granting of independence.

period of independence
In December 1963, Kenya became an independent state, and in December 1964 it was proclaimed a republic.

The first ruler of Kenya was a veteran of the struggle for independence, 72-year-old Jomo Kenyatta, who back in May 1963 put forward a program for building an "African democratic socialist Kenya." The main point of the program was "Africanization", that is, the displacement of non-Negroes from the sphere of government and the economy. In the field of agriculture, a policy was pursued of creating collective farms of Negroes on lands taken from whites.

On December 12, 1964, Kenya was declared a republic. The prerogatives of local government were curtailed and the country became a centralized state.

A plan was launched to buy 480,000 hectares of land from European settlers and settle more than 1 million Africans on this land. On part of the land, the first state farms and cooperatives were created.

 

After the death of 87-year-old Kenyatta in August 1978, Daniel arap Moi, who served as Minister of the Interior, became the ruler of Kenya. In 1982, he officially established a one-party regime in the country (in fact, it has existed since 1969).

The country has repeatedly experienced outbreaks of inter-ethnic conflicts, in 1963-1968 the insurgency of ethnic Somalis was on a large scale, in 1969 there were bloody wars between the Kikuyu and Luo, and in the 1990s there was a sluggish inter-ethnic conflict with political overtones. Overall, however, the country was considered very stable in this respect.

In 1969, the only opposition party, the Kenya People's Union, was banned. And the country de facto became one-party.

In the 1970s, Kenya faced a number of difficulties, inflation increased, crime exploded, and the flow of tourists sharply decreased.

On August 1, 1982, there was an attempted coup d'état organized by former Vice President O. Odinga, his son (Prime Minister since 2008) R. Odinga and junior Air Force officers led by H. Ochuka. The leaders were later executed.

In 1991, Moi, under internal and external pressure, agreed to the liberalization of the regime and the creation of opposition parties. However, he remained in power until the end of 2002, taking advantage of the fragmented opposition and ethnic disunity in the country.

Since 2003, the economy has been gradually improving. This growth continued until the end of 2007. But many of Kenya's recent achievements have been called into question by the new inter-ethnic crisis that began after the presidential elections at the end of 2007.

In September 2013, a major fire broke out in Nairobi.

 

Physical and geographical characteristics

Geographical position
The state borders with Ethiopia in the north, Somalia in the east, Tanzania in the southwest, Uganda in the west and South Sudan in the northwest. The total length of the state border is 3477 km: with Ethiopia - 861 km, with Somalia - 682 km, South Sudan - 232 km, with Tanzania - 769 km and with Uganda - 933 km. From the southeast it is washed by the waters of the Indian Ocean, in the west by Lake Victoria, the length of the coastline is 536 km. The area of ​​Kenya is 582,650 km², of which 11,230 km² is water surface. The maximum length is 1131 km in the direction from southeast to northwest and 1025 km - northeast to southwest. The equator runs roughly through the center of the country.

Relief, inland waters, minerals, soils
Kenya is divided into the following geographical areas: the Lake Victoria Basin, the East African Rift Valley and its associated highlands, the eastern plateaus, the semi-arid and arid areas in the north and south, and the coast.

The largest lake is Victoria in the western part of the country.

The country is rich in various minerals. The bowels of the country contain reserves of gold, barites, rubies, limestone. In March 2012, the British oil exploration company Tullow Oil plc announced the discovery of oil reserves in the northwest of the country.

Animal world
Almost all the main classes of animals living in Kenya are distinguished by diversity. As of the beginning of the 21st century, 465 species of mammals, 633 species of birds, 57 species of butterflies, more than 450 species of reptiles and more than 11 species of amphibians have been recorded here. At the same time, 39% of mammals and 36% of birds are endemic.

Of particular interest is the famous African "big five" - ​​5 animals that the continent is famous for. Among them: a lion, an elephant, a rhinoceros, a buffalo and a leopard. Hunting them is strictly prohibited.

Many animals are endangered, and the populations of some species are declining at a very rapid pace.

 

State structure

Fundamentals of the state system
Kenya is a unitary presidential republic. The basic law of the state is the constitution adopted in 2010.

The main institutions of Kenyan statehood were formed in the first years of the country's independent development. At the same time, significant changes were made to the legal basis for their functioning during the large-scale liberal democratic reforms of the late 1990s and early 2000s. The main results of the reforms were the withdrawal of the armed forces from political activity, the introduction of a real multi-party system and direct presidential elections in the country, and an increase in the role of the legislative authorities.

According to the Economist Intelligence Unit, the country in 2018 was classified on the Democracy Index as a hybrid regime.

executive branch
The head of state is the president. Since March 2013, the President of Kenya is Uhuru Kenyatta.

The first Prime Minister of the Republic of Kenya, Jomo Kenyatta, was in office from June 1, 1963 to December 12, 1964, after which the post of Prime Minister in Kenya was abolished until 2008. On February 28, 2008, Kenyan President Mwai Kibaki and Raila Odinga signed an agreement to form a coalition government in which Odinga became the second prime minister in Kenya's history.

In March 2013, presidential elections were held in Kenya, in which Uhuru Kenyatta won the first round (50.07%). Rival Uhuru Kenyatta in the elections was Prime Minister Raila Odinga, who received more than 40% of the vote.

Legislature
The legislative body of the Republic of Kenya is the unicameral National Assembly (until 2010). With the adoption of the new Constitution in 2010, Parliament became bicameral, consisting of an upper house, the Senate, and a lower house, the National Assembly.

 

Foreign policy

Kenya has diplomatic relations with the Russian Federation (established with the USSR on December 14, 1963).

From the first years of statehood, independence and activity, as well as equidistance from confrontational blocs, have been declared as the main principles of Kenya's foreign policy. Since the mid-1980s, regional cooperation has occupied the most important place in Kenya's scale of foreign policy priorities. The main goal of the government's international activity at present is to create favorable external conditions for the socio-economic development of Kenya, its formation as a democratic country, as well as to promote the construction of a multipolar world order.

 

Administrative division

The territory of Kenya until 2013 was divided into 8 provinces and 71 districts. Since March 2013, it has been divided into 47 districts.

 

Population

Number, resettlement
The population is 46 million (2016 estimate).

Annual growth - 3.88% (2016);

Birth rate - 35 per 1000 (fertility - 4.4 births per woman, infant mortality - 53 per 1000);

Mortality - 9 per 1000;

Nairobi is the capital and largest city of Kenya with a population of over 3.1 million.
Average life expectancy - 58.8 years (58 years for men, 59 years for women);

Infection with the immunodeficiency virus (HIV) - 6.7% (2003 estimate).

National composition
According to the CIA Fact Book, the following ethnic groups are represented in Kenya: Kikuyu - 22%, Luhya - 14%, Luo - 13%, Kalenjin - 12%, Kamba - 11%, Kisii - 6%, Meru 6%, other Africans - 15 %, non-Africans (Indians, British, Arabs) - 1%.

Languages
The official languages ​​are English and Swahili, local languages ​​are spoken. English is taught in schools and all government documents are drafted. Most of the population knows Swahili - the language of interethnic communication based on Bantu dialects with a large number of Arabic borrowings. According to Ethnologue, 69 languages ​​are spoken in Kenya.

Literacy: 90% male, 80% female (2003 est.).

Religious composition
Religions: Christians - 82.5%, Muslims - 11.1%, aboriginal cults - 1.7%, other - 2.2%, atheists - 2.5%.


Cathedral in Mombasa
The majority of Kenyans are Christians (82.5%), of which 47.4% consider themselves Protestants, 23.3% - Catholics, 1.4% - Orthodox. Other Christian organizations (including the New Apostolic Church, Seventh-day Adventist Church, Jehovah's Witnesses, United Pentecostal Church) account for 10.4%. Notably, Kenya has the largest number of Quakers in the world, at around 133,000. Other Protestant groups include Pentecostals (Pentecostal Assemblies of God and Kenya Assemblies of God), Anglicans, Lutherans, Salvation Army, Presbyterians, Methodists, and others.

 

Economy

Kenya is the regional center of trade and finance in Africa. GDP per capita, calculated at purchasing power parity (in 2011) - $ 1,750 (151st in the world). The unemployment rate is 40% (in 2008).

Agriculture (75% of employees, 22% of GDP) - tea, coffee, corn, cereals, sugarcane, fruits, vegetables. Meat and dairy farming, pigs and chickens are also bred.

Industry (16% of GDP) - consumer goods (batteries, fabrics, soap, cigarettes) are produced in small quantities, agricultural products are processed. Several oil refineries, cement production, and ship repair shops have survived from colonial times.

Services - 62% of GDP.

Kenya is an agrarian country with a relatively high level of diversified agriculture, so the mining industry is underdeveloped and plays a minor role in the economy and the overall structure of the country's economic activity, although the country is rich in minerals. Gross domestic product (GDP) in 2006 amounted to 21.2 billion dollars. (604 dollars per capita), with agriculture providing 28% of GDP, services - 55%, and industry - 17%. The mining industry can mainly be characterized by the extraction of soda (in the area of ​​Lake Magadi), fluorite, table salt, gold and rubies. At the initiative of the large and wealthy European community in Kenya, the development of the manufacturing industry began in the late 1940s and 1950s. As a result, in the early 1980s, Kenya was the most industrialized country in East Africa. The main manufacturing industries: food, textile, printing, clothing, car assembly, oil refining, chemical, mechanical engineering, production of alcoholic beverages, automotive spare parts, cement, paper and metal products. The main industrial centers are Nairobi and Mombasa. Large industrial enterprises are located in different parts of the country, for example, a paper mill in Webuya and an oil refinery in Mombasa, which runs on imported oil.

 

International trade

As of 2017, exports amounted to $6.17 billion, imports - $17.1 billion.

Main export commodities: tea (22%), flowers (11%), oil products (4.8%), coffee (4.3%), as well as fruits, vegetables, tobacco and other agricultural products; re-export

Main buyers: USA - 8.7%, Uganda - 8.2%, Pakistan - 8.2%, Netherlands - 7.5%, UK - 6.7%.

The main imports are petroleum products (14%), palm oil (3.2%), cars (2.9%), medicines (2.5%) and unrefined sugar (2.4%), as well as other industrial products. products and agricultural raw materials.

Main suppliers: China - 23%, India - 9.8%, UAE - 7.4%, Saudi Arabia - 6.1%, Japan - 4.6%, South Africa - 4.5%.

 

Consumption and trade of mineral resources

The level of consumption of mineral resources in the country is low - for example, gas is not consumed at all, and, accordingly, is not imported. Oil fields have also not yet been found, so Kenya's need for oil and oil products is met through imports. In 2006, about 2.2 million tons of oil and about 1.1 million tons of oil products were imported. There is almost no demand for lead in the country, and therefore it is not imported. About 15 thousand tons of zinc is used in the country per year, which does not exceed 0.1% of its world consumption. Kenya also imports steel semi-products to ensure the operation of rolling mills. So, in 2001, their imports amounted to 344 thousand tons. In general, we can say that Kenya mainly imports industrial products from economically highly developed countries, such as oil, machine tools, cars, rolled ferrous and non-ferrous metals, synthetic resins, medicines and equipment. Their predominance in imported products can be arranged as follows: oil - 24%, industrial equipment, agricultural machinery and vehicles - 25%, ferrous metals - 7%. Export of finished petroleum products from the country amounted to about 0.4 million tons. Their apparent domestic consumption amounted to about 2.9 million tons (taking into account the bunkering of ships in international sea and air ports). The main exported mineral resources are fluorite, soda, cement, oil products. The main buyers are: Great Britain - 10.2%, the Netherlands - 9.4%, Uganda - 9.1%, Tanzania - 8.9%, USA - 6.4%, Pakistan - 5.7%. Main suppliers: UAE - 11.9%, India - 11.8%, China - 10.3%, Saudi Arabia - 8.3%, South Africa - 5.9%, Japan - 5.3%.

 

Tourism

Tourism is one of the main sources of government revenue.

The wild nature of Kenya attracts tourists from all over the world. Here you can see a lion hunting for antelope, hippos family bathing and the world's largest colony of pink flamingos. The vast territory of Kenya has been a national park for more than 15 years, so any hunting is strictly prohibited here.

Fans of extreme recreation come to climb the extinct volcano Kenya.

Internet
A little more than 20% of the population has access to the Internet, mainly in large cities. The Internet is being censored.

 

Culture and art

Music
Kenya has an assortment of popular musical forms in addition to many types of folk music based on the diversity of over 40 regional languages.

Museums in Kenya
National Museum of Kenya
Loiyangalani
Cabarnet Museum (Kabarnet)
Museum of Kapenguria

Theaters in Kenya
National Theater of Kenya

Cuisine of Kenya
Kenyan cuisine is exotic and varied, ranging from traditional African dishes to European traditions brought by the colonists. So, the tribes living along the coast prefer seafood: fish, shrimp and lobsters, fried on coals. The high cost of meat forces the local population to eat mainly fruits and vegetables, which grow in abundance in this region.

National parks and reserves of Kenya
The most famous and visited national parks and reserves in Kenya:
Nairobi (Nairobi National Park);
Masai Mara (Maasai Mara National Reserve);
Lake Nakuru National Park;
Amboseli (Amboseli National Park);
East Tsavo (Tsavo East National Park).

In total, there are 59 national reserves and parks in Kenya.

 

Sport

The spread of European sports among Kenyans began during the period of British colonization - mainly at the elite level. The authorities of independent Kenya, as a rule, attached great importance to the development and popularization of sports, implementing relevant state programs, in particular, through the structures of the Ministry of Youth and Sports.

By the 21st century, almost all summer sports, both men's and women's disciplines, have become widespread in the country to one degree or another. At the 2008 Summer Olympics, the Kenyan team won 14 medals, including 6 gold, 4 silver and 4 bronze. Traditionally, the most successful are Kenyan runners, especially men.

Kenya hosts the world-famous Safari Rally, which has long been part of the calendar of the World Rally Championship and was considered one of the most difficult, both for racers and cars.