Shimba Hills National Reserve is a biosphere reserve situated 55
km (34 mi) South of Mombasa in Kenya. Shimba Hills National
Reserve covers an area of 193 km2 (74.33 sq mi). Shimba Hills
National Reserve is particularly famous for its high African
elephant population. About 700 of these magnificent animals roam
savannahs, jungles and woodland of the protected reserve. In
fact their population grew so high that it became an issue for
the plants and trees that grow in the region. Elephants eat and
damage them in record numbers. In fact the situation became so
threatening that government of Kenya ordered construction of
neighbouring Mwaluganje elephant sanctuary to the North of
Shimba Hills National Reserve to provide more area for these
In Shimba Hills, there is the only black antelope
population in Kenya (there are about 100 individuals in the park),
which was the main reason for the creation of the national reserve.
According to various estimates, about 700 elephants live in the
reserve. Their population is very high and causes significant damage
to vegetation. The conflict between humans and elephants has also
reached a critical level, and in order to provide elephants with a
way to leave the park, the Mwaluganje elephant reserve was
established in the north of Shimba Hills. The rest of the park's
border is fenced to prevent elephant invasion of farmland. Kenya’s
Wildlife Service plans to transport up to 400 elephants from Shimba
Hills to East Tsavo in 2005.
Also in the reserve there are a
giraffe, leopard, geneta, steppe cat, hyena, common water goat,
shrub pig, African buffalo, bushbuck, coastal colobus, blue ducter,
bushy ducter, red ducter, large halo, vervet, white-throated monkey,
serval, shrew .
111 bird species were registered, among them
a spike guinea fowl, a crested kite, a large honey pointer, a crown
From reptiles there are real python, cobra, gecko
and lizards, from insects butterflies, mosquitoes, bees.