Mount Kilimanjaro is an extinct volcano that is one of the most
recognized symbols in the Eastern Africa. Mount Kilimanjaro stands
in the North- eastern Tanzania is the tallest mountain in Africa
that reaches an elevation of 19,334 ft (5,893 metres). The first
documented ascent to the mountain peak was carried out in 1889 by
Hans Meyer and Ludwig Purtscheller. Today thousands of tourists make
their way to the top of picturesque peak of Mount Kilimanjaro.
The first mention of these snow-capped mountains
dates back to the 2nd century AD. e. They are indicated on the
geographical map of Ptolemy. But Kilimanjaro’s date of discovery by
Europeans is May 11, 1848, and German pastor Johannes Rebman is the
discoverer. In 1861, an altitude of 2500 m was reached, in 1862 -
4200 m, in 1883, 1884 and 1887 - a mark of 5270 m; all these ascents
were made by the Hungarian count Samuel Teleki. On October 5, 1889,
the German traveler Hans Meyer, together with the Austrian mountain
climber Ludwig Purtscler, first reached the summit. In 1996, their
comrade ascent from the Chaga people, Msee Lauvo (Lavo), who was
supposed to be over 120 years old, was still alive in Marangu.
Mawenzi was conquered only in 1912 by Ohler and Klut.
book Life, Travel and Work in East Africa, one can find a
description of how its author, Charles New, tried to conquer
Kilimanjaro in 1861 in tropical shorts and a light shirt, while his
13 porters were completely naked. It is not surprising that they
could not climb to the top, although they reached the border of
The name of the mountain originates from the Swahili
language and presumably means "the mountain that sparkles."
However, the exact origin of the name Kilimanjaro is unknown. There
are several theories on this subject. Many of the versions suggest
that the word is broken down into Kilima (Swahili “hill, small
mountain”) and Njaro, whose versions range from the ancient Swahili
word “white” or “sparkling” to the word of the Kichagga language
(English) jaro, meaning a caravan . The disadvantage of these
theories is that they cannot explain why the diminutive word kilima
is used instead of the appropriate word for mount mlima.
Another approach implies that the name comes from the word kichagga
kilemanjaare or kilemajyaro, meaning "one who defeats the bird /
leopard / caravan." However, this theory does not explain the fact
that the name Kilimanjaro itself was not used in the Kichagga
language until recently.