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Area: 33,800 hectares
Description of Souss- Massa National Park
Souss-Massa National Park is located in the South- west Morocco.
Souss-Massa National Park covers an area of 33,800 hectares. Souss-
Massa National Park is a nature preserve that covers 33,800 hectares
of untouches bioreserve on the Atlantic coast of Morocco. It was
recently created in 1991.
The park occupies 33,800 hectares on the edge of
the Atlantic Ocean, south of Agadir and north of Aglou, in Tiznit
province. Its territory is divided between this province, those of
Inezgane-Aït Melloul, Chtouka-Aït Baha and Agadir Ida-Outanane
The park is the lower part of the Suz valley, a
large triangular watershed extending between the High Atlas and
Anti-Atlas Mountains and the Atlantic Ocean. The surface of the area
is undulating and the Suz and Massa rivers form shallow valleys that
flow into a relatively straight coast.
The land is mostly of
Quaternary sedimentary origin, with live or fixed dunes, sandstones
and alluvial deposits with limestone crust outcrops at various
points in the park.
Due to upstream dams, the flow of both
rivers is generally low, which means that the amount of sand brought
by the sea is greater than the river's ability to clear the mouth,
so there is a tendency for the formation of coastal bars. , which in
the case of Massa form a lagoon without communication with the sea.
When heavy rains occur, there is a growing need to alleviate the
dams, which is why the coastal bar breaks, as occurred in 1996 and
The coast is steep, except for some beaches, mainly to
the north, between the mouths of the rivers. In these areas there
are coastal dune cords, which are sometimes artificially fixed by
planting plant species.