Language: Arabic

Currency: Moroccan dirham (MAD)

Calling code: +212


Morocco - officially called the Kingdom of Morocco - is a sovereign country located in the Maghreb, north of Africa, with coasts in the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea. It is separated from the European continent by the Strait of Gibraltar. It borders Algeria to the east - the border has been closed since 1994, to the southwest with Western Sahara, to the north with Spain, its main trading partner with which it shares both maritime and terrestrial borders -Ceuta, Melilla and the squares of sovereignty- and to the south with Mauritania. It occupies part of Western Sahara, after the green march of 1975, the signing of the Tripartite Agreement of Madrid, and the interruption of the process of decolonization and abandonment of Spain from the territory.

In 1984, the Assembly of the Organization for African Unity (OAU), predecessor of the AU and of which Morocco was a founding member, accepted as a member the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR). the organization. It is a member of the Arab League, the Arab Maghreb Union, the International Organization of la Francophonie, the Organization of the Islamic Conference, the Union for the Mediterranean, the European Broadcasting Union, the Group of 77 and the North-South Center. It is also a major non-NATO ally of the United States. It is also the country in the Arab world where the Spanish language is most studied, with more than 80,000 students according to the information provided by the Instituto Cervantes in 2015. From 1984 to 2017, it was the only African country that was not a member of the African Union. The Moroccan State was reinstated with an absolute majority on January 30, 2017, during the 28th Summit of the African Union, which took place in Ethiopia.


Travel Destinations in Morocco

Souss-Massa National Park is located in the South- west Morocco. This nature reserve covers an area of 33,800 hectares.

Toubkal National Park is situated 70 kilometres from Marrakech in Western Morocco. The nature reserve covers an area of 380 sq km.


Getting here

Entry requirements
Germans need a passport for Morocco, which must be valid for at least six months from entry. Children either need the child passport. Tourists automatically receive an entry stamp valid for a stay of up to 90 days. It is possible to extend your stay, but it can be very time-consuming. It is easier to leave and re-enter the Spanish exclaves of Ceuta or Melilla. Exceeding the length of stay has criminal consequences.

The validity of each individual ID card is checked upon entry; To do this, an A6 document must be filled out upon entry and exit. (Tip: take a ballpoint pen with you, there is a constant shortage of them!) In addition to personal data, information about the destination and address are required. The tour operators usually specify which address must be entered. The customs officer puts a stamp in the passport with a number, which is requested again at the hotel. Some tour guides therefore give out lists on the journey to the hotel in which you enter an entry number. This makes checking in a lot easier.

The entry form can be filled out and printed out here.

The border with Algeria is closed. The border with Western Sahara and further south with Mauritania is open.

See also: List of Morocco's diplomatic missions abroad

Customs regulations
A vehicle brought with you must be taken back; this also applies to vehicles that have been involved in an accident (see below under Car).

The import of flying drones is prohibited.

Foreign exchange regulations prohibit the import and export of the local currency, dirham. Failure to comply could result in criminal prosecution. When you leave the country, dirhams will be exchanged back upon presentation of an exchange receipt. Exports of up to Dh2,000 are tolerated.

By plane
Most European airports have connections throughout the country. Even low-cost airlines such as Ryanair and EasyJet now offer flights from Germany, e.g. T. under 100 euros. The state airline Royal Air Maroc also flies from Europe to the most famous cities in Morocco. It flies from many cities in Europe (e.g. Amsterdam, Düsseldorf (seasonal only), Frankfurt am Main) to Morocco. Air Arabia Maroc also flies from Europe to many cities in Morocco.

By train
There is a rail connection to and from Algeria, but due to disputes with Algeria the border has been closed for years and cannot be crossed. You can only get to Oujda by train.

In Spain there are trains that go to Algeciras (Frankfurt am Main - Paris - Barcelona - Algeciras, 29 hours), but from there you have to go to the ferry port and take the ferry to Tangier. From Tangier you can then travel to all major cities that are connected to the rail network. These include Rabat, Casablanca, Fes and Marrakech. Overcrowded trains are to be expected, especially in summer.

It is best to take a taxi from the port in Tangier to the new train station (Gare Tanger Ville). From Tanger Med ferry port, take the city bus (45 min.).

On the street
Entry via Algeria is not possible. But you can take a car ferry, e.g. B. translate from Algeciras in southern Spain to Tangier or Ceuta. Entry from Mauritania is now possible without any problems.

If you enter the country with your own car, it must be declared at customs. You can do this directly on site or via the Internet.

The green insurance card is required. It is important to ensure that MA for Morocco is not crossed out. If you enter the country with a vehicle that is not registered in your own name, you must have a power of attorney from the vehicle owner. The easiest way to get this is from the ADAC before you arrive.

When leaving the country by car, difficulties can arise if a different person takes the car out than the person who brought it in.

GPS devices must be registered with customs.

Some distances (road km)
Tangier - Rabat 250 km, 3 h
Tangier - Casablanca 340 km, 4 h
Tangier - Marrakech 580 km, 6:45 h
Tangier - Agadir 800 km, 9 h
Tangier - Souk-el-Arba-du-Rharb - Fes 306 km, 5 h
Rabat - Fes 205 km, 2:30 h
Fes - Beni Mellal - Marrakech 495 km, 6:50 h

By boat
There are ship connections to Morocco, especially from Spain. The main destinations are the ports of Tangier, Nador and the Spanish exclaves of Ceuta and Melilla. Ferries run from Algeciras, Tarifa, Málaga and Almería in Spain, from Sète near Montpellier and Port Vendres near Perpignan in France, from Genoa and Naples in Italy. An express ferry runs between Tangier and Algeciras. There are no ferry or boat connections to the Canary Islands.

There is the possibility of sailing with a sailboat from southern Spain (Estepona) for a few days in northeastern Morocco (Smir).

Via Ceuta without your own car
If you take the ferry to Ceuta, you should know that there is no direct bus connection from there to the interior of Morocco. There is a city bus near the ferry port that goes directly to the border. This then has to be crossed on foot. There are already a large number of taxis waiting directly behind the border, which, depending on your negotiating skills, can take you to the next village, Fnideq, for €2-5. There is a bus station in Fnideq with connections to Chefchaouen and Tetouan, among others. The trips are not always posted, but rather the bus drivers walk around the bus station area and announce their destination. There is a train connection from Tanger-Ville.

There is also the first ATM behind the border in Fnideq.


Transportation around the country

By train
The main cities such as Marrakesh, Meknes, Fes, Tangier, Rabat, Casablanca, etc. are all connected by a reliable route network. On most routes there is a connection every 60-90 minutes.

Train travel in Morocco is comparatively cheap. A one-way ticket from Tangier to Marrakech costs around Dh200 in second class or Dh300 in first class.

Trains offer a good alternative to the often overcrowded buses, which take significantly longer to cover the same route. Of course, trains do not connect all cities and towns in Morocco. Moroccans are generally friendly and approachable on the trains, and travelers are often drawn into conversations about their trip. This is often a good opportunity to get more good tips for your trip.

Information can be obtained from the Moroccan Railway website.

The Al Boraq high-speed train (modeled on the French TGV Duplex) has been running on the Casablanca-Rabat-Tanger route since the end of 2018. The journey time from Tangier to Rabat has been reduced to 1:20 hours; from Rabat to Casablanca it takes 50 minutes. There are nine pairs of trains running every day.

On the street
The main streets were renumbered in 2018, which is not yet visible on all maps and signs.

If you are traveling in your own car or a rental car, you should definitely familiarize yourself with local traffic practices beforehand. Travelers who are only familiar with the traffic in their home country should avoid driving in larger cities in Morocco! Here are a few relevant observations:

Traffic rules, especially right-of-way rules, are often only observed when a police officer is in sight.
Overtaking happens wherever the opportunity arises, whether from the right or the left. Turning maneuvers are also usually carried out spontaneously.
Red lights are often run through: less often during the day, but almost always at night.
Road users include not only cars, trucks and mopeds, but also bicycles, horse-drawn carriages, handcarts, pedestrians and donkey carts.
Hardly any vehicle has proper lighting, so it is not uncommon to encounter completely unlit objects at night.
Although the police seem powerless to deal with the chaotic conditions on the streets, you still have to be careful about violating the rules. If you get caught, you have to pay. Mobile radar measurements are commonplace, especially on arterial roads. In addition to speed restrictions, you should also take parking bans seriously if you don't want to find a claw on your bike when you return. When accidents result in personal injury, things get really serious: even if you are not at fault, the vehicle is initially immobilized and you often end up in a cell until the case is resolved.

In conclusion, it should be said that with a decidedly defensive driving style and a little experience you can navigate the city traffic of Morocco quite well.

City streets are now equipped with an enormous number of bollards to force drivers to slow down. Often every 100 meters. However, many bollards, especially on side streets, are not adapted to the speed limit and can only be passed without damage at walking speed.

You can find car rental companies everywhere in the big cities. If you rent from small companies, you should inspect the car thoroughly beforehand and check, for example, whether there is a spare wheel and jack on board. You should also consider whether the contract allows the use of unpaved roads, especially if you want to drive to remote areas.

The road network is largely fine. The main cities are connected by toll highways, which are still being expanded. The A1/A3 leads from Tangier via Rabat and Casablanca to El Jadida. The A2 leads from Rabat to Fes. From Casablanca south the A7 leads via Marrakesh to Agadir. Further information can be found on the Moroccan Highway Administration website.

Street signs are in Arabic and French. The traffic rules are broadly the same as those in Europe, but are often not followed (see above). There are frequent police checks on major roads, especially speed checks, including in urban areas. Unless otherwise stated, the maximum permitted speed here is 40 km/h. Grande taxis, buses and trucks sometimes seem to follow their own right-of-way rules, and it's better not to insist on your right. In roundabouts, the rule is right before left, unless there are appropriate “give way” signs. To the attentive Central European tourist, it seems as if the red-yellow-green traffic lights only contribute to the color of Moroccan road traffic, not to traffic regulation or safety. It is also noticeable that there is a lot of honking - apparently for no reason. A tour guide once said that this was done "so that the person in front of them would wake up."

Fuel supplies are sufficient throughout the country. You can get super unleaded and diesel as well as Eurodiesel practically everywhere on the main roads and in the cities.

By bus
Morocco has a fairly dense bus network. Actually every place has a bus station where you can buy tickets. There are direct connections between almost all major cities. The bus stations can be very confusing, especially if you don't speak or read Arabic. Many timetables are exclusively in Arabic. You will find a lot of helpful people, but they almost always want a tip for their help. In smaller towns there are no timetables or anything similar. It's best to ask the bus drivers directly. It is also common for bus drivers to walk through the building and announce their destinations and leave when the bus is full.

You often have the choice of taking the more touristy buses with air conditioning and television or the much cheaper and less comfortable buses that most locals use. In the latter you get to see more of the country and its people. In some cases the buses also run other routes, away from the tourist routes. It can be an interesting adventure to take the cheap buses.

The state-run CTM and Supratours have air-conditioned and “Comfort” buses between the big cities. The latter is a subsidiary of the railway and sees its network as an extension of the railway lines, which is why people always stop at the train station if there is one. The company is about a quarter more expensive than others, but you get reliability and well-maintained vehicles. You pay a small amount for luggage depending on the route. You can either register it at the counter at the large stations and receive a sticker, or you can tell the driver at small stops. The liability is limited to Dh100 unless a higher value is stated. limited!

It is common to take a taxi in Morocco. A distinction is made between small taxis (petite taxi) for inner-city journeys and large taxis (grande taxi) for longer journeys out of town. The prices are comparatively cheap and the law stipulates that inner-city taxis have a taximeter. But that doesn't necessarily mean that they will be turned on. In big cities, the petite taxis have a uniform color, e.g. B. ocher in Marrakesh or turquoise with a yellow stripe in Tangier.

On long journeys it is common for the taxi to stop and pick up additional passengers like a bus. The price usually depends on the number of passengers, the length of the route and whether you are going back. Grande taxis (almost all painted in old white) are now mostly of Japanese or Korean production. A beautifully presented car often indicates a good driver. Grande Taxis are sometimes the cheapest way to get from place to place.

Mini and grand taxis do not always correspond to the latest technical standards. When you drive into the country, you occasionally wonder why the vehicles can still move at all. However, there is now also a “TÜV” (Control Technique des Véhicules) in Morocco.

It is advisable to insist that the taximeter is switched on. Even if the night tariff is on, this is often still cheaper than a negotiated price. It is also advisable to ask the hotel about taxi prices.



The official languages are Arabic and Tamazight, although French is widely used as a business and educational language and is understood almost everywhere. Official signage is generally in three languages: Arabic, Tamazight and French. Anyone who speaks French will have no problems getting along in Morocco.



The Moroccan currency is called dirham. One dirham (MAD or Dh) is divided into 100 centimes (c). Coins are available in 5c, 10c, 20c, ½ Dh, 1 Dh, 2 Dh, 5Dh and 10 Dh. You rarely see the centime pieces anymore, only ½ Dh as change from the bread seller.

Notes are denominated in Dh20, Dh50, Dh100, Dh200 and Dh1000. The exchange rate (March 2021) is approximately 1 euro = 11 Dh, 10 MAD = 0.90 €, in everyday life you change to a 1:10 rate.
Large bills can cause problems with change in markets, taxis or cafés. Brazenly, the dealer will often say “that’s right”. If you are unsure of the true price, it is better to offer a relatively small bill and accept the change. If you offer too little, the person concerned will complain.

Since the currency is not traded outside Morocco, you have to meet your needs at money exchange offices (gold logo) or at the hotel reception. You will receive a receipt for the free exchange, which you should keep until you leave the country to ensure that money that is no longer needed can be exchanged back, as export is prohibited. The official tolerance limit is Dh2,000. Foreign currencies with an equivalent value of 100,000 dirhams or more must be declared.

ATMs can be found in every town - often in modern urban areas. They are rare in souqs and old towns. Most ATMs accept foreign cards. However, incorrect bookings have occurred more frequently recently.

Cash exchange is often offered by locals. You should be very careful and never exchange larger amounts. It is always safer to exchange money at a bank or hotel.

You should spend as many dirhams as possible before traveling back. Remember the final tip to bus drivers, hotel staff and tour guides! (Giving tips only with the right hand, with the left is offensive!) Dirhams are only used in Morocco and are not allowed to be exported. Returns are generally not possible abroad.

Credit cards from major international institutions are accepted in larger hotels, restaurants and shops.

There are more and more supermarkets in big cities. You can also buy alcohol there, including international brands. The locals buy almost everything they need for their daily needs at markets and small kiosks, shops and bakeries. These can be found in every city and everywhere. The ban on plastic bags has made a significant contribution to improving the waste situation. You only get reusable bags.

You can find particularly beautiful handicrafts in most medinas. From dishes to vases, lamps, shishas, chests, cupboards, doors and windows, you can get an incredible amount here, often beautiful, often ugly, but with a little patience and skill for a fraction of the price you would pay in Germany .

Anyone interested in fossils, rocks and minerals can find them in many tourist places in Morocco.

Cigarettes cost Dh33-40 for branded products after two sharp tax increases in 2019 and 2022. Cigars are very expensive, if they can be found at all.



Price labels are not common. The concept of a “fair” fixed price is alien to Moroccans. You ask for the price and then bargain. The price suggested by the seller is definitely at least 150% of the reasonably reasonable price, and sometimes much higher. If you don't act, you're basically paying way too much, especially as a foreigner. You don't have to feel guilty about offering 20% of the seller's price. He will then laugh and walk down with his prize. At some point you will meet somewhere in the middle. If you pay less than 60%, that's usually a good value. If the seller doesn't go deep enough, you can simply walk away without feeling guilty. If you're lucky, the seller will come after you and lower your price further. Then you can be sure that his price was significantly too high. If he doesn't do it, the last price was realistic.

If you buy expensive goods, e.g. For example, for handicrafts, you can find out the average price in a city by bargaining several merchants down until they give up. Good trading takes a few days of practice, but it pays off as it's a good way to strike up a conversation with the locals. When an agreement is reached, the sellers are always happy about it and very talkative.



Moroccan cuisine has a good international reputation and is known for the countless dishes that combine Arabic and colonial influences. Unfortunately, the cheap restaurants often only offer a smaller selection of the rich cuisine that seems to be similar everywhere.


Traditional cuisine

Tagine is probably the most popular Moroccan dish. This is a spicy meat stew that is simmered for hours in a special clay pot of the same name. Different variations are often offered, such as chicken tagine with honey and dates, chicken tagine with lime grass and olives or shrimp tagine with a spicy tomato sauce. In cheap restaurants, dishes cost around Dh25.
Couscous is a very common dish in North Africa.
Kaliya is a Berber dish made from lamb, tomatoes, peppers and onions. Bread or couscous is usually served as a side dish.
Pastilla is a popular delicacy: thin layers of dough alternate between layers of sweet, spiced meat (usually lamb or chicken, pigeon is particularly recommended) and layers of almond paste. The dough is folded to the size of a plate and sprinkled with powdered sugar after baking.
Harira, French soupe marrocaine, is a delicious soup made from lentils, chickpeas, lamb, tomatoes and vegetables. You usually eat bread with it. The dish costs around Dh2.5-5.
Besara is a traditional soup served for breakfast. The porridge, which consists of green beans and a good dash of olive oil, is available almost everywhere in the morning at markets and in the old towns. For 3-5 Dh you can get a bowl of besara and some bread.

Many cafés and restaurants offer breakfast (petit déjeuner), which usually consists of tea or coffee, orange juice and a croissant or bread with jam. You should pay around Dh10 for this.


Snacks and fast food

A common fast food chain in Morocco is Rôtisserie chicken, where you can get a fried chicken quarter with fries and salad for around Dh20. You can also get sandwiches there for around Dh10, which are also often offered at small stalls. These are crispy baguettes that are available with various fillings: including tuna, chicken and various salads. Then there are French fries in the sandwich and mayonnaise on top. You are often approached by street vendors offering small bags of nuts, broad beans or popcorn. The patisseries usually offer excellent pastries, both in European and Moroccan traditions.

Sardines mariées are called Sardines m'joujine (السردين المتزوجات) in the Moroccan dialect. The "married sardines" can be fried or grilled. These are sardine fillets stuffed with chermoula

Chermoula is a marinade that is as much a part of Moroccan cooking heritage as couscous. It accompanies all types of fish but is also suitable for many other recipes, from hot to cold. In the classic version, chermoula is a mixture of cumin, coriander, paprika, parsley, garlic, lemon and olive oil. Turmeric and chili are also added to make them more colorful or spicier.

If you can't help it, you can find a McDonald's or other international chains in all major cities.



Larger supermarkets - have a special section where you can buy alcoholic beverages. There are also special alcohol shops on the main arteries of larger cities, e.g. B. in Meknes or Tétouan.

It's easier with the "Moroccan whiskey", as the mint tea (French thé de menthe, Arabic atay nanna) is jokingly called by the locals. The tea is made from Chinese green tea with some mint leaves and an incredible amount of sugar added. The tea is a national drink and is drunk by locals everywhere and at any time of the day. A glass costs around Dh5.

Another national drink is coffee, which you can get in every cafe or restaurant. Coffee is usually served with lots of milk and sugar. A cup costs around Dh5. The French coffee names are usually understood: e.g. B. café au lait, café casse, café noir, café américain, etc.

Fruit juice stands where you can get various freshly squeezed fruit juices are also very common in Morocco. A glass of freshly squeezed orange juice costs around Dh2.50.

A lot of interesting information about Moroccan cuisine can be found at Koch-Wiki.



Morocco is a strictly Muslim country. The local population does not normally drink alcohol. In most medinas (e.g. in Marrakesh) serving alcohol is generally prohibited, so bars that serve alcohol are almost only found in the modern suburbs. However, it is very expensive there. However, there are some restaurants in Marrakech that have alcohol available upon request. However, this cannot be found on the menu. There are no cocktail bars or clubs in the country, you can only go to a tea room. Shisha bars, which are commonly found in the Middle East, are strangely completely absent. Liquor and alcohol shops can only be found in larger cities.



In Morocco you can find hotels of all price ranges and requirements. International hotel chains with higher standards, such as the Hyatt or Sheraton, can be found in the modern districts of the larger tourist cities. In small towns you can often find exquisite inns, usually palatial Moroccan townhouses (riads) that have been converted into boutique hotels, often with a magnificent courtyard with a fountain or pool.

At the other end of the price scale are youth hostels, which are available in all major cities. A bed in a dormitory costs around Dh50. The cheapest hostels offer single rooms from Dh65 and are often in the old and historic city centers. These houses can often be very basic and sometimes do not have a shower or hot water. Sometimes you have to pay extra for this (around Dh5-10). If there is no shower, you can often use a nearby hamman (public bathhouse).

New, clean and slightly more expensive hostels and small hotels can usually be found outside the historic city centers. A single room here starts at Dh75.

The hotels in the medinas often have beautiful roof terraces where you can also sleep. This is particularly useful when it gets too hot in the unair-conditioned rooms. If you don't need a room, you can rent a mattress on the roof for around Dh25.

Morocco also offers alternatives to hotels and hostels in many cities and towns for camping enthusiasts. The campsites have very different standards, often have water and electricity and occasionally have a small café. In rural areas, locals often have no objection to camping on their property. But you should always ask for permission beforehand.

Many municipalities charge tourist taxes per overnight stay. These vary and can also depend on the quality of the accommodation. They are often not properly shown in relevant booking portals. In Marrakesh, for example, you have to expect between 3 and 6 euros a day in 2022.



Anyone who wants to study or learn in Morocco will usually be interested in an Arabic or French language course. There are such courses in all major cities, and some programs even give you the opportunity to live with an Arab host family for a while.

The Institute for Language Communication Studies, 29, Oukaimeden Str., 10 080 Rabat-Agdal. Tel.: +212 (37) 67 59 68, Fax: +212 (37) 67 59 65, Email: The institute in Rabat offers intensive courses starting from Dh3,000.
The Arabic Language Institute in Fez, B.P. 2136, 30,000 fez. Tel.: +212 (55) 62 48 50, Fax: +212 (55) 93 16 08, Email: At this institute in Fes you can take various courses in Moroccan Arabic and modern standardized Arabic.
Dar Loughat, 8, Place Moulay el Mehdi. Tel.: +212 66 68 77 88, Email: The Dar Loughat, which translates as “House of Languages”, offers language courses in Arabic in a friendly and academic atmosphere. The school is located in the center of Tetouan.


Practical tips

In Morocco the metric system is used for weights and distances. Newer buildings have a 220 V/50 Hz power supply, while older buildings sometimes only offer 110 V/50 Hz connections. In some cases the connections are mixed, so if you are unsure you should ask.

Important criminal law provisions
In Morocco, possession of even the smallest amounts of drugs (e.g. cannabis) is punishable by prison sentences of up to ten years as well as high fines and customs fines. Particular caution should be exercised when driving through the Rif Mountains, the world's largest cannabis growing region. But people are also discreetly asked to buy drugs at popular tourist meeting points in big cities. The attentive observer also occasionally notices staggering people who are not drunk but have consumed the drug in large quantities. If they attract attention in traffic, they are arrested and taken away by the omnipresent police. The author does not know whether they face punishment or just a sobering-up cell.



As with any trip, you should always use common sense:

Avoid dark alleys
Whenever possible, travel in groups if you have little travel experience
Keep money and ID in a secured inner pocket or hotel safe
Always carry backpacks and bags with you. Always make sure there is nothing important in the outside pockets.
Women traveling alone sometimes face harassment. Usually this is limited to whistling and unfriendly hissing. You shouldn't feel compelled to remain friendly. A Moroccan woman would never tolerate such behavior. Dark sunglasses make it easier to avoid eye contact. If someone doesn't want to leave your side, you should look for families and busy shops or, if necessary, ask a local woman for help. If you want, you can wear a headscarf, but this is generally not necessary. However, women should pay more attention to conservative and closed clothing than men. Additionally, women who go to nightlife and bars alone are often mistaken by locals for prostitutes looking for clients. However, they are just ladies who are supposed to encourage drinks sales.

In the towns surrounding the Rif Mountains, particularly Tétouan and Chefchaouen, travelers are occasionally offered kif (marijuana). However, the consumption and trafficking of hashish and pot is also punishable in Morocco!

In tourist areas there are also countless fake tour guides who offer tours of the old town, directions to "cheap" craft shops or even to a drug dealer. Often these men are harmless, but of course you should never accept drugs or other products. You should make it clear that you are not interested in their services. If they get too pushy, you should look for a taxi, enter a tea shop or any shop - then the owner will usually scare the guide away. If you hire such a guide for a tour - they are often cheaper than the official guides - you should definitely agree on the price in advance and write it down. You should also make it clear that you are not interested in shopping.



No specific vaccinations are required for Morocco, but you should still check before departure if there have been any outbreaks of illness that require vaccination. It is generally recommended to have a vaccination against tetanus (tetanus), diphtheria, polio (polio) and hepatitis A (jaundice, which is acquired through impurities in the water), and for long-term stays of more than three months also hepatitis B (transmitted through blood contact). If there is a particular risk (e.g. stays in the country, hunting, backpacking with changing accommodations), additional vaccination protection against rabies and typhus can be useful. It is best to consult with a travel doctor well in advance (some vaccinations require three injections at specific intervals to ensure protection).

The German-Moroccan social security agreement only covers costs for determining incapacity to work; for all other purposes, foreign health insurance is required.

There are a few things you should keep in mind when consuming food and drinks: Fruits or vegetables that have not been peeled should not be eaten raw. Cooked or fried food is usually not a problem. It is best to only drink water from bottles and not from the tap.



Women in particular, but also in general, should dress conservatively and modestly. Skimpy clothing should be avoided away from the beach. The armpits and knees should be covered. Because of the heat, we recommend wearing long sleeves and loose, loose pants anyway. With a bikini, swimsuit or swimming trunks you can swim undisturbed anywhere, nude bathing and toplessness for women is strictly forbidden throughout Morocco.

As a greeting, friends and family kiss each other twice on the cheek. If you haven't seen the other person for a long time, kiss each other on the cheek four times. However, this only applies to the same gender! Otherwise you shake hands. If you want to express respect and warmth, bring your right hand to your mouth or heart after shaking hands. The same rules apply to the farewell.

The left hand is considered unclean in the Arab world. Therefore, you should carry out all activities with your right hand if possible, even if you are left-handed. In particular, handing out money (e.g. "baksheesh") with the left hand is considered offensive.

In Moroccan society, loyalty and a submissive attitude towards the royal family are expected. You come across photos and images of the king everywhere, be it in public life or in private. lese majeste is a crime punishable by imprisonment. So you should save any resentment you may have towards the Moroccan monarchy or monarchy in general for after the trip.


Practical tips

Public telephones are rarely found in city centers anymore. In addition, there are fewer and fewer private telephone shops (also called teleboutiques or telekiosques) from which you can make calls. For connections abroad you have to dial 00, followed by the country code. International calls are expensive. It may be worthwhile to go to the Spanish exclaves if you have to make a lot of international calls. Or you can get e.g. B. the prepaid card from Maroc Telecom, called Carte Jawal, which is already available for under 100 Dh. to have. This means you can call anywhere in Morocco virtually for free (passport is required when purchasing). This means you can then be reached on a Moroccan cell phone number.

Important telephone numbers in Morocco are:
Police: ☎ 19.
Fire department: ☎ 15.
Road emergency number: ☎ 177.
Information: national ☎ 160, international ☎ 120. Telegrams and telephone: ☎ 140. Intercity: ☎ 100.
Numbers with ☎ 080… are free, 089… premium services. Both cannot be accessed from abroad.

Mobile phone numbers start with a “6” i.e. 06… or internationally +212-6…
The mobile phone network in Morocco is covered by three operators: Orange Maroc (previously Meditél), Maroc Telecom and Inwi.

Prepaid cards are offered for all networks (for Orange Maroc 30 Dh, including 10 Dh credit). Further information about network coverage and roaming partners can be found at GSM-World. Nevertheless, 2G and 3G usually work without problems, 4G is well covered. Internet speed is usually good.

When it comes to SIM cards, you have to keep in mind that credit is only valid for a comparatively short time. The more you charge, the longer. For example, at Maroc Telecom you get 1 G data for 10 Dh, which is only valid for 3 days, if you buy the scratch strip with top-up code available in many stores for 20 Dh. This way you get 2 GB for a week. With this company you top up by texting 555. Then send the scratch code as a message. If you don't want voice credit but data, then you have to add “*3” to the code. Credit for special international tariffs requires “*4”. A confirmation indicating the period of validity will arrive within a few minutes.

Basically, the Moroccan postal service is reliable. In larger cities it is possible to receive postal items for a small fee. An ID is then required to collect the mail.

Parcels and freight shipments are first examined at the post office counter before a shipment can be sent. Only after the check should you seal the package.

Email and Internet
There will still be few internet cafes in cities and tourist resorts in 2022. The internet cafés are usually open late in the evening. An hour costs around Dh6-10. They are often located next to a Telekiosque. They can often be recognized by the Cybercafé sign. In the north, cafes are generally better equipped and have faster connection speeds than in rural areas. You can also print or burn CDs in most internet cafés.

The ban on internet telephony (e.g. via Skype or WhatsApp) was lifted in 2016. Even “dirt and trash” will no longer be blocked. (As of: Oct 2022)



The country is officially called Arab. المملكة المغربية‎ al-Mamlakatu l-Maghribiyatu, literally - “the kingdom of the Maghreb”, in addition, there are self-names Arab in the country. المغرب الأقصى‎, El-Maghrib el-Aqsa - "Far West", and Arabic. مراكش‎ - Marrakish, the name from the oikonym of the city, which in the Middle Ages was one of its capitals. In Europe at the end of the 19th century, the French form of the name of the country Maroc became widespread, used in various spellings: Morocco, Marok, Morocco, etc. The exception is Spain - in Spanish the country is called Spanish. Marruecos.


History of Morocco

People inhabited the territory of Morocco from the early Paleolithic. In the area of ​​Casablanca (Thomas I) and Sale, instruments of the Acheulean and Mousterian cultures were discovered. The finds of the early Homo sapiens from Jebel Irhud date from 240 ± 35 thousand years to 378 ± 30 thousand years of age. In the most ancient era, the climatic conditions of the region were more favorable for the life of people. Venus from Tan Tan dates back over 300 thousand years ago. The age of 108 thousand years is dated to the skeleton of a child of 8 years old, found in 2010 in Temara.

Ancient history
See also: Prehistoric North Africa and Carthage
In the first millennium BC, Moroccan lands belonged to Carthage. From the II century BC e., after the conquest of Carthage by the Romans, Roman rule began in North Africa. In 429, the territory of modern Morocco (the Roman province of Mauritania of Tingitan) was captured by the Vandals, but after a hundred years it was returned to the empire by the Byzantines.

Medieval history
In 682, the Arab conquest of North Africa began. The first Arab state in Morocco was founded in 784 by Imam Idris ibn Abdallah, who fled from Arabia. The Arab state reached its peak during the dynasties of the Almoravids and Almohads in the 11th-12th centuries. Under the Almoravids, Morocco was the center of a vast empire that occupied the territories of modern Algeria, Libya, Tunisia and the vast territories of Spain and Portugal. However, with the fall of the Almohad dynasty, the empire collapsed.

From the beginning of the 15th century, Portuguese and then Spanish expansion began in Morocco, when several port cities were captured by Europeans (the first expedition was carried out by the Portuguese to Ceuta in 1415). However, in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, a new rise of the Moroccan state began to be observed, which reached its highest power under the Sultan Ahmad al-Mansour, whose reign is called the "golden age" of the country. At this time (1591), Moroccan troops led by Dzhudar Pasha captured the Songai Empire, a state in Western Sudan, taking control of the trans-Saharan trade in salt and gold. Also during the heyday of the 16th century, the Moroccan sultans managed to expand the territory of the state to the maximum extent, having captured the majority of the captured cities from the Spaniards and Portuguese, capturing the western part of Algeria and pushing the border in the south to Guinea.

After the death of Ahmad (around 1603), the state began to weaken as a result of constant internal wars, so that Mulei-Sherif, a descendant of Ali and Fatima, was easy to overthrow in the middle of the XVII century. dynasty of the first sultans and found a new, still ruling, dynasty of Alids, or Joseini. The most famous of these is Mulei Islam, who ruled from 1672 to 1727 as the greatest despot. Under his successors, feuds and strife over the throne increased, leading the country more and more to decline, before Mulei-Sidi-Mohammed (1757-1789), who was distinguished by gentleness and desire to introduce European culture, entered the throne. After his death, the period of internal conflicts and wars began again. Under the Sultan Mulei-Suleiman (1794-1822), a period of relative prosperity began again.

In the XVII-XIX centuries, Morocco was considered a pirate state, since in many cities the actual power was in the hands of sea pirates. It is interesting that this did not prevent Morocco from exercising diplomatic functions; in 1777, Morocco was the first state to recognize US independence.

Morocco in modern times
During the Spanish-Moroccan War of 1859-1860, the Kingdom of Spain occupied part of the land of the Sultanate.


At the end of the 19th century, Morocco (ruled since 1894 by Moulay Abd al-Aziz) became the object of rivalry between Spain, France, Britain, and in the 20th century also Germany. France’s capture of all of the Sahara and part of Sudan, which made her sovereign of almost all of West Africa, provoked her desire to prevail in those neighboring states that still retained their independence. By the Anglo-French agreement on April 8, 1904, Morocco was recognized as falling within the scope of French influence; but this agreement aroused protest from Germany. Wilhelm II visited Morocco in 1905, and after that the German resident in Fez Tattenbach (German) and Chancellor Bülow launched a campaign against French influence in Morocco. They demanded that the reform project in Morocco, developed by France, be considered at a conference of representatives of interested powers, and not be carried out by France alone. Delcasse's sharp refusal to enter into negotiations with Germany on the issue of reforms in Morocco nearly brought France to an open break with the German Empire. The intervention of Ruvier and the resignation of Delcasse helped to settle the conflict, and on July 10, 1905, an agreement was convened between France and Germany to convene the conference. This agreement left a whole series of questions open - about the reorganization of the Moroccan police, the establishment of a bank in Morocco, the provision of Germany with the port of Mogador in the Atlantic Ocean, etc. The issue of reorganization of the police brought France and Germany into conflict. Germany insisted that the reorganization of the police be entrusted to all interested powers. France strongly protested against this. As a result, all controversial issues were referred to the international conference, which met in February 1906 in Algeciras (Spain) and was supposed to decide the fate of Morocco.

As a result of the Moroccan crises of 1905 and 1911, France acquired most of the territory of Morocco. During World War I, a large number of Moroccans were drafted into the French army. About 8,000 of them died on the fronts.

The modern period of the history of Morocco
After a three-year period of mass protests in a number of areas of the country that turned into insurgent anti-French action, and the political crisis caused by attempts to change the king, France recognized Morocco's independence in March 1956, and Spanish Morocco gained independence in April, although several cities remained with the Spaniards. Morocco becomes a member of the UN, ILO, IMF, WHO, the League of Arab countries. In 1984, Morocco withdrew from the African Union in protest against the adoption of Western Sahara, which Morocco considers its territory. In July 2016, the king of Morocco officially announced the country's desire to return to the African Union, and the next year the kingdom was re-accepted into this organization. Morocco is considered the traditional ally of the United States and France in the region. In June 2004, Morocco received the status of the main non-NATO ally of the United States. At the same time, trade agreements were signed with the US and the EU.


State structure

Morocco is a dualistic monarchy, which is enshrined in the constitution. Exclusive power is concentrated in the hands of the king and his council of ministers. The King signs all laws, his veto can be overridden by a two-thirds vote of both houses of the National Assembly. He is the spiritual head, a symbol of the unity of the nation, appoints all judges by his decrees, approves changes to the constitution, declares war and commands the armed forces. The government, headed by the prime minister, is appointed by the king, who can remove individual ministers at the request of the prime minister.

The constitution provides for three types of courts: civil, religious and special. The Royal Armed Forces are also under the control of the King.

The highest body of legislative power is a bicameral parliament. The lower house - the House of Representatives (325 deputies) is elected by direct vote for 5 years, the upper house - the House of Councilors (270 deputies) is elected for 9 years by indirect vote. Every 3 years, its composition is updated by a third.

According to the Economist Intelligence Unit, the country in 2018 was classified on the Democracy Index as a hybrid regime.



The population is 36.91 million (June 2020 est.). It is the fourth most populous Arabic-speaking country in Africa after Egypt, Sudan and Algeria. About 60% of the population are Arabs, 40% are Berbers. Europeans make up 60,000 people (mostly French, Spaniards and Portuguese), Jews about 3,000.

The annual population growth is 1.5% (2009).

Birth rate: 20.96 newborns / 1000 people (2009).

Mortality rate: 5.45 deaths/1000 people (2009)

Average life expectancy is 69 years for men, 74 years for women (2009).

Literacy - 60% of men, 40% of women (according to the 2004 census).



It is washed in the north by the waters of the Mediterranean Sea and in the west by the Atlantic Ocean. The Strait of Gibraltar separates Morocco from Europe. In the east and southeast it borders on Algeria, in the south - on Western Sahara (according to the Moroccan authorities, who consider Western Sahara their territory, the country borders on Mauritania in the south). The southeastern border in the Sahara desert is not exactly defined.

The total area of ​​the country is 446,550 km². According to this indicator, Morocco ranks 57th in the world.

The total length of land borders is 2018 km. Including with such countries as: Algeria - 1559 km, Western Sahara (occupied by Morocco) - 443 km, Spain (Ceuta) - 6.3 km, Spain (Melilla) - 9.6 km. In fact, Morocco controls most of Western Sahara, therefore it borders on the Free Zone of Western Sahara - 2200 km.

Coastline of the country: 1835 km.

On the northern coast of Morocco are the Spanish exclaves of Ceuta and Melilla. The country is divided into four physiographic regions: Rif, or mountainous region, which lies parallel to the Mediterranean coast; the Atlas Mountains, stretching across the country from the southwest to the northeast from the Atlantic Ocean to Rif, from which they are separated by the Taza depression; the region of the vast coastal plains of the Atlantic coast; valleys south of the Atlas Mountains, merging into the desert. The highest point of the country - Mount Toubkal (4165 m) - is located in the High Atlas ridge. Rif rises to (2440 m) above sea level, Sebha Tah is the lowest located place in Morocco - 55 meters below sea level. The main rivers of the country are the Muluya, which flows into the Mediterranean Sea, and the Cebu, which flows into the Atlantic Ocean.

In general, territories suitable for agriculture occupy 12% of the country's area (9 million hectares), the same amount is occupied by forests, 25% of the territories are occupied by mountains, the rest is arid semi-desert and desert (mainly in the south and southeast of the country).



The climate when moving through the territory of Morocco changes somewhat. At the same time, the temperature is positive almost throughout the territory.

On the Mediterranean coast of the country, the climate is mild, subtropical. The average temperature here in summer is about +24…+28°С (sometimes reaching +30…+35°C and higher, in the case of the shergi wind blowing from the Sahara), and +10…+12°С in winter. Moving south, the climate becomes more and more continental, with hot (up to +37°C) summers and cool (up to +5°C) winters. The daily temperature difference can reach 20°C.

The northwestern part of the country is greatly influenced by air masses from the Atlantic Ocean. Because of this, the climate here is cooler, and daily temperature fluctuations are much stronger than in the rest of the country. In the mountainous regions of the Atlas, the climate is highly dependent on the altitude of the place. Precipitation falls from 500-1000 mm per year in the north and less than 200 mm per year in the south. The western slopes of the Atlas occasionally receive up to 2000 mm of precipitation, even floods of a local scale are not uncommon, while in the southeast of the country there are years when precipitation does not fall at all.

Beginning in the 1960s, at the initiative of King Hassan II, a program was adopted to build reservoirs and develop water resources, which made it possible to provide drinking water to the population, as well as agriculture and other sectors of the economy, while preserving the country's water resources. This initiative received high marks from international experts and is still in operation. Thanks to this policy, in 2014-2015, the kingdom has more than 139 large reservoirs with a total capacity of more than 17.6 billion cubic meters and more than a hundred small dams. On average, 2-3 large reservoirs are put into operation per year. Construction is carried out mainly by local contractors.


Administrative-territorial division

The territory of the country is divided into provinces and prefectures, which are combined into 12 regions, of which one region is completely, and the second is partially located on the territory of the disputed territory of Western Sahara.

Land boundaries
1559 km - with Algiers (with the exception of the northern section, its line is not officially recognized). Due to political differences, the land border between the countries has been closed to crossing since the mid-1990s (air traffic remains)
443 km - with Western Sahara (in fact, it is not a border: the country in the south borders Mauritania)
16 km - with Spain (semi-enclaves of Ceuta - 6 km and Melilla - 10 km)

Islam is the state religion of Morocco. Moroccans are 98.7% Sunni Muslim, 1.1% Christian, and 0.2% Jewish.

The official languages ​​are Arabic and Berber. The spoken Moroccan dialect is lexically and grammatically very different from both the Arabic literary language and from other (non-Maghreb) dialects of Arabic and is practically incomprehensible in the Arab countries of the Middle East.

Widespread: French, Berber and Spanish (in the north of the country).

Approximately 12 million (40% of the total population), especially in rural areas, speak the Berber language, which exists in Morocco in the form of 3 dialects. French, which is not the official language, but is actually regarded as the second language of Morocco, is widely used in business and economics. It is also widely used in educational and government fields. The use of Spanish is also common (especially in the north of the country).

Customs regulations
The import and export of foreign currency is not limited, but its circulation in the territory of the Kingdom is prohibited. When exporting unspent currency, you must have a bank exchange certificate. It is forbidden to export objects and things of historical and artistic value without special permission. There is a restriction on the import of professional photo and video equipment (this does not apply to amateur equipment), as well as on the import of alcohol - no more than one bottle of spirits and one bottle of wine, no more than 200 cigarettes, 50 cigars and 250 g tobacco.

national holidays having a fixed date;
religious holidays, the date of which changes annually and depends on the lunar calendar;
holidays regional

National holidays
January 1 European New Year
January 11 Independence Day
May 1 Labor Day
May 23 national holiday
July 30 Throne Feast
August 20 Revolution Day
August 21 youth holiday
November 6 is the memorial day of the Green March
November 18 Independence Day - the anniversary of the return from exile of King Mohammed V

Religious holidays
Muslim New Year
Birthday of Prophet Mohammed
End of Ramadan
Feast of the Sacrifice

Regional holidays
Almond Blossoms - Tafraout - February
Roz - El Kelaa M'Gouna - May
wax candles - Sale - May
Meda - Immouzzer - May
Desert Symphony - Ouarzazate - June
(Festival) of music HANUA - Essaouira - June
Cherries - Sefrou - June
(Festival) Popular Art - Marrakesh - June
Camels - Guelmim - July
Horse riding - Tissa, Fez - September
Finikov - Erfoud - October
(Festival) Sacred Music - Fez - June
(Festival) Agadir - Agadir - December


Armed Forces of Morocco
This is the military organization of the Kingdom of Morocco, designed to protect the freedom, independence and territorial integrity of the state. Consists of ground forces, naval and air forces.


Foreign policy

On February 27, 1976, the Polisario Front, waging a guerrilla war against Moroccan troops with the support of Algeria, proclaimed Western Sahara an independent state called the Saharan Arab Democratic Republic (SADR).

2005 year
From June 15, 2005, the Kingdom of Morocco unilaterally switched to a visa-free regime for Russian citizens arriving in the country.

On September 7, Russian President V. Putin visited Casablanca. As a result of the meeting between the President of Russia, King Mohammed VI of Morocco and Prince Moulay Rashid, the following agreements were signed:
convention on the transfer of persons sentenced to deprivation of liberty;
an agreement on cooperation in the field of marine fisheries;
an agreement on cooperation in the field of tourism;
an agreement on cultural and scientific cooperation;
agreement on cooperation in the field of mass communications;
agreement on cooperation in the field of plant quarantine.

Muhammad VI paid a working visit to Russia on March 15-16, 2016. During the visit, he met with Russian President Vladimir Putin and Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev. A number of Russian-Moroccan documents were also signed on cooperation in the field of investment development, countering terrorism, protection of classified information, transport, ecology, tourism, and in the humanitarian sphere.

On October 11, 2017, Prime Minister of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev, together with a large delegation, paid an official visit to Rabat, during which the previously expressed intentions to develop mutual relations in various fields were confirmed. Dozens of documents and agreements were also signed in the field of agriculture, the fuel and energy complex, cooperation between law enforcement agencies, the development of peaceful atom and alternative energy, arms exports, engineering, culture and education.

On November 24, 2021, Israel and Morocco signed a memorandum of understanding in the defense field in Rabat.



Benefits: Economic stimulus policies and cheap labor attract investment. Already, the developed tourism industry has even more significant potential; phosphate mining and agriculture.

Weaknesses: high unemployment (23%) and large population growth. dry periods. Cultivation of hemp (mainly for the European market) complicates relations with the EU.

Foreign economic relations
The Moroccan economy is characterized by an outward orientation. Several free trade agreements have been concluded with foreign countries:

Free Trade Agreement with the European Union with the aim of joining the European Free Trade Area by 2012.
Agadir Agreement signed with Egypt, Tunisia and Jordan to create an Arab Free Trade Area.
Free Trade Agreement with the UAE.
Free trade agreement with Turkey.

The main export commodities are phosphates and fertilizers, clothing and textiles, electrical components, inorganic chemicals, transistors, minerals, petroleum products, citrus fruits, vegetables, fish; imports - crude oil, textiles, fabrics, machinery and equipment, wheat, gas, electricity, transistors, plastics.

The main trading partners in 2017: in terms of exports ($24.57 billion) - Spain - 23.2%, France - 22.6%, Italy - 4.5%, USA - 4.2%; imports ($44.13 billion) - Spain 16.7%, France 12.2%, China 9.2%, USA 6.9%, Germany 6%, Italy 5.9%, Turkey 4.5% .

The trade turnover between Russia and Morocco in 2016 amounted to $2.5 billion (for comparison, in 2001 the trade turnover between the countries was $300 million), the positive balance in favor of Russia amounted to about $1.5 billion; 70% of Russian exports to Morocco are oil and refined products (the rest is grain, chemical industry and engineering products). Russia imports mainly Moroccan citrus fruits, to a lesser extent tomatoes, fish and canned fish. In 2014, a little over 32,000 Russian tourists visited Morocco.



Rail transport in Morocco is operated by the national operator ONCF (Fr. Office National des Chemins de Fer du Maroc).

Of the total length of 2,120 km of railway lines in 2014, 1,022 km were electrified with direct current (3 kV). Track width 1435 mm. The locomotive fleet includes diesel locomotives and electric locomotives. For 2012, the sections of Marrakech - Casablanca - Rabat - Kenitra - Meknes - Fes are double-tracked and electrified throughout.

There are plans to create high-speed rail lines in Morocco - the first of which Kenitra - Tangier (180 km) should be opened in 2018.

Morocco has a developed road network, one of the best in Africa - the total length of roads in 2015 was over 58,000 km, of which 41,000 km were paved roads and over 1,500 km were high-speed toll roads.

Roads that are part of the Trans-African Highway Network pass through Morocco.

Morocco has a well-developed intercity bus service, represented by numerous carriers (CTM, Supratours, Satan, etc.).

Morocco has oil and gas pipelines of local and regional (from Algeria to Spain) significance.

Morocco has 31 airports with paved runways and 33 airports with unpaved runways. 10 airports have international status.

Several major airlines operate in Morocco: Royal Air Maroc (national carrier), Atlas Blue (ceased operations in 2009), low-cost airline Air Arabia Maroc and regional airline Royal Air Maroc Express.

Several ferry lines link Morocco with Spain, France and Italy. The main passenger port is the port of Tanger-Mediterane (Tanger-Méd) in the north of the country.

Morocco has two major trading ports, Casablanca and Tanger-Méd (which is one of the largest in the region, and 46 in the world (Total tonnage 39 Mt + 3 million TEU (Twenty Foot Equivalent) in container traffic (2015).


Мass media

The state television and radio company - SNRT (Société nationale de radiodiffusion et de télévision - "National Corporation for Broadcasting and Television"), includes radio stations Radio Marocaine (launched on February 15, 1928), Radio Amazigh (a radio station for Berbers in Berber languages), Casa FM ( launched 1984), Radio Mohammed VI du Saint Coran (launched 16 October 2004), Chaîne Inter (launched 23 March 2009, broadcasting in Arabic, French, English and Spanish), regional radio stations, Al Aoula TV channels (launched 3 March 1962 as TVM, current name since 2007), Laayoune TV (launched November 6, 2004, broadcasts in Western Sahara), Al maghribia (launched November 18, 2004, broadcasts in Arabic, Berber, French and Spanish), Assadissa (launched November 3, 2005, religious TV channel, broadcasts in Arabic, French and one of the Berber languages), Arryadia (launched September 16, 2006), Aflam TV (launched May 31, 2008, broadcast broadcast in Arabic, Berber and French), Tamazight TV (launched 6 January 2010, broadcast in one of the Berber languages). Created February 15, 1928 as Radio Maroc, from October 22, 1966 as Radiodiffusion Marocaine. Terrestrial television operator - Tdm (Télédiffusion Multimedia Du Maroc). Media laws are enforced by the Higher Council for Audiovisual Communication (Conseil supérieur de la communication audiovisuelle) (until 2012, the High Authority for Audiovisual Communication (Haute Autorité de la communication audiovisuelle)), appointed by the King, the Prime Minister, the President of the Chamber of Deputies and the President Chamber of Councilors.

International classification
In 2002, the international organization Reporters Without Borders ranked Morocco 119th out of 167 in its press freedom index.
The Economist's Quality of Life Index ranks Morocco's standard of living 65th out of 111 countries in 2005.