Jozani Chwaka Bay National Park

Jozani Chwaka Bay National Park

Location: Zanzibar island Map

Area: 50 km2 (19 sq mi)


Description of Jozani Chwaka Bay National Park

Jozani Chwaka Bay National Park is a nature reserve located on the Zanzibar island that belongs to Tanzania. Jozani Chwaka Bay National Park covers an area of 50 km2 (19 sq mi). Jozani Chwaka Bay National Park is a protecte reserve that covers a total area of 50 square kilometers (19 sq mi). It is located in the North- East part of Tanzanian on the island of Zanzibar.


The forest of Jozani becomes a protected natural area in 1960, with the status of a simple forest reserve.
Starting in 1995, the protection extends to the Chwaka Bay lagoon, within the Jozani – Chwaka Bay Conservation Project (JCBCP) which aimed to reconcile the protection of the area's biodiversity with the needs of local populations for harvesting wood.

The act establishing the National Park is signed on January 27th 2003: with this act the commercial exploitation of the forest is terminated and the local populations maintain the right of collection limited to dry branches.


The protected area, extended for about 50 km2, protects the Jozani forest, located about 35 km south-east of Stone Town, on the road to Paje, close to the Chwaka Bay lagoon. It is one of the few remaining strips of Zanzibar forest, characterized by the alternation of evergreen bush, aquatic forest, coastal bush and mangrove forests.

The park is home to a population of about 500 specimens of the red colobus of Zanzibar (Piliocolobus kirkii) endemic to the island. Another primate present is the white-throated vervet (Cercopithecus albogularis). Among the mammals present there are also noteworthy the Ader cephalopha (Cephalophus adersi), a small endangered antelope, the suni (Neotragus moschatus) and the servalina genet of Zanzibar (Genetta servalina archeri), a small and elusive carnivorous viverride la whose presence in the area has been documented thanks to photographic traps. The Zanzibar leopard (Panthera pardus adersi) was once thought to be extinct in the park as throughout the island, but a video made with a video trap in the Jozani Chwaka Bay National Park in 2017 showed that it is still present.
Also well represented is the avifauna which includes endemic species such as the Fischer turaco (Tauraco fischeri subsp. Zanzibaricus), the greenish bulbul (Eurillas virens subsp. Zanzibaricus), the nettarinia chiazzerosse (Cyanomitra veroxii subsp. Zanzibarica), the western nettarinia olivacea ( Cyanomitra obscura subsp. Granti) (also present on the island of Pemba) and the bearded nightingale of Zanzibar (Cercotrichas quadrivirgata subsp. Greenwayi) (also present on the island of Mafia). Other species that can be observed in the park are: the testabruna parrot (Poicephalus cryptoxanthus), the kingfisher of the mangroves (Halcyon senegaloides), the ventrenero starling (Lamprotornis corruscus), the akelat of the east coast (Sheppardia gunningi) and the red bishop of Zanzibar (Euplectes nigroventris).
Among the amphibians, the endemic frog of Jozani (Kassina jozani) is worth mentioning.