Ruaha National Park

Ruaha National Park

Location: 130 km from Iringa Map

Area: 20,200 km²


Description of Ruaha National Park

Ruaha National Park is a protected area situated 130 km from a city of Iringa in Central Tanzania. Ruaha National Park covers a total area of 20,200 km². The name of the park is derived from a Great Ruaha river that flows along a South- eastern border of the nature reserve. Ruaha Park is a transit zone uniting representatives of eastern and southern flora and fauna on its territory. Hundreds of small, drying rivers, which are the natural routes of various animals, connect to the Great Ruaha River.

In the park, large and small kudu coexist with more northern species, such as the giant gazelle. In search of water, warthogs, impalas and giant gazelles go to the river, for which the region is the southernmost habitat. The banks of the river are a favorite hunting ground for predators: lions, leopards, cheetahs, jackals and hyenas. In addition, rare African wild dogs are found in the park. The elephant population is the largest in eastern Africa.

More than 1,500 species of plants grow in the park, 80 species of animals, 529 species of birds and 38 species of fish live.

The time from mid-May to December is suitable for observing predators and large mammals. Kudu males are best seen in their mating season in June. Birds, plant landscapes, and wild flowers are best seen during the rainy season from January to April.

In 1910, the administration of the German colony created the Saba River hunting reserve, which changed its name to Rungwa in 1946 under British control. The population living in the reserve was forced to leave it. The creation of the Ruaha Conservation Zone was published in 1964, three years after independence. The park is located in the southeastern part of the Rungwa hunting reserve.