Ruaha National Park is a protected area situated
130 km from a city of Iringa in Central Tanzania. Ruaha National
Park covers a total area of 20,200 km². The name of the park is
derived from a Great Ruaha river that flows along a South- eastern
border of the nature reserve. Ruaha Park is a transit zone uniting
representatives of eastern and southern flora and fauna on its
territory. Hundreds of small, drying rivers, which are the natural
routes of various animals, connect to the Great Ruaha River.
In the park, large and small kudu coexist with more northern
species, such as the giant gazelle. In search of water, warthogs,
impalas and giant gazelles go to the river, for which the region is
the southernmost habitat. The banks of the river are a favorite
hunting ground for predators: lions, leopards, cheetahs, jackals and
hyenas. In addition, rare African wild dogs are found in the park.
The elephant population is the largest in eastern Africa.
More than 1,500 species of plants grow in the park, 80 species of
animals, 529 species of birds and 38 species of fish live.
The time from mid-May to December is suitable for observing
predators and large mammals. Kudu males are best seen in their
mating season in June. Birds, plant landscapes, and wild flowers are
best seen during the rainy season from January to April.
1910, the administration of the German colony created the Saba River
hunting reserve, which changed its name to Rungwa in 1946 under
British control. The population living in the reserve was forced to
leave it. The creation of the Ruaha Conservation Zone was published
in 1964, three years after independence. The park is located in the
southeastern part of the Rungwa hunting reserve.