Area: 1100 km2
Saadani National Park is a protected
area on the shores of the Indian Ocean in the Eastern Tanzania.
Saadani National Park covers an area of 1100 km2. The park is
located 100 km northwest of Dar es Salaam and at the same distance
southeast of Tanga. 40 km east of it is the island of Zanzibar.
Saadani National Park is the country's only coastal park. The main source of fresh water is the river You. The climate of the park is hot and humid.
In 1969, the Saadani hunting reserve was created. When it was established, consultations were held with the elders of local villages and compensation was paid for the loss of farms. When the national park was created in 2005, a number of lands were attached to it, including the Vasa River and the Zaraninge Forest. There are several villages on these lands, as well as a large cattle ranch with many dams, which worked from 1952 to 2000. Zaraninge Forest was previously managed by the World Wide Fund for Nature.
The park is dominated by evergreen mangroves. They can grow both on the ocean and in depth, in the valley of the river by you. Near the water there are hippos (Hippopotamus amphibius), Nile crocodiles (Crocodylus niloticus). Elephants (Loxodonta africana), leopards (Panthera pardus), large kudu (Tragelaphus strepsiceros), Neotragus moschatus live in the forest. In addition, the park has many monkeys and birds. Poorly studied coastal forests are characterized by a high level of endemism. On the coast you can meet one of the largest turtles Chelonia mydas, which goes ashore to lay eggs.
The savannah in the park belongs to three types: savannah with tall grass (up to 2 meters high) and palm trees, savannah with low grass (there used to be sesal plantations in its place) and scarce clay soils. There are buffaloes (Syncerus caffer caffer), Liechtenstein buboes (Alcelaphus lichtensteinii), water goats (Kobus ellipsiprymnus), redunks (Redunca redunca), Phacochoerus aethiopicus, giraffes (Giraffa camelopardalis) and many.