Saadani National Park is a protected
area on the shores of the Indian Ocean in the Eastern Tanzania.
Saadani National Park covers an area of 1100 km2. The park is
located 100 km northwest of Dar es Salaam and at the same distance
southeast of Tanga. 40 km east of it is the island of Zanzibar.
Saadani National Park is the country's only coastal park. The
main source of fresh water is the river You. The climate of the park
is hot and humid.
In 1969, the Saadani hunting reserve was
created. When it was established, consultations were held with the
elders of local villages and compensation was paid for the loss of
farms. When the national park was created in 2005, a number of lands
were attached to it, including the Vasa River and the Zaraninge
Forest. There are several villages on these lands, as well as a
large cattle ranch with many dams, which worked from 1952 to 2000.
Zaraninge Forest was previously managed by the World Wide Fund for
The park is dominated by evergreen mangroves. They
can grow both on the ocean and in depth, in the valley of the river
by you. Near the water there are hippos (Hippopotamus amphibius),
Nile crocodiles (Crocodylus niloticus). Elephants (Loxodonta
africana), leopards (Panthera pardus), large kudu (Tragelaphus
strepsiceros), Neotragus moschatus live in the forest. In addition,
the park has many monkeys and birds. Poorly studied coastal forests
are characterized by a high level of endemism. On the coast you can
meet one of the largest turtles Chelonia mydas, which goes ashore to
The savannah in the park belongs to three types:
savannah with tall grass (up to 2 meters high) and palm trees,
savannah with low grass (there used to be sesal plantations in its
place) and scarce clay soils. There are buffaloes (Syncerus caffer
caffer), Liechtenstein buboes (Alcelaphus lichtensteinii), water
goats (Kobus ellipsiprymnus), redunks (Redunca redunca),
Phacochoerus aethiopicus, giraffes (Giraffa camelopardalis) and