Tarangire National Park is situated near town of Arusha in the
Northern Tanzania. Tarangire National Park covers an area of
2,850 km². The park is located in the Manyara region, it is 118
km from the center of the neighboring Arusha region and only 7
km from Lake Manyara. The Tarangire River flows through the
park, which almost completely dries in the dry years, however it
is the only source of moisture around. The river flows from
south to north and immediately outside the park flows into Lake
The park is located in the Masai steppe, which
is characterized by hilly terrain with swamps in the lowlands.
The park has a number of large hills, among them Loxisale 2132 m
high in the east and Kvaraha 2415 high in the west.
park is one of the elements of the northern safari in the
country and is often visited along with the Ngorongoro Crater
and Serengeti National Park.
The average rainfall is 600
mm per year.
The park is home to many animals, the number of
which is still increasing before the rainy season, when herbivores
come in large numbers to the last meadows. Animals flock to the
river from an area of 20 thousand km², including zebras,
buffaloes, impalas, gazelles, éland, water goats and others. Among
the permanent inhabitants of the park are elephants, as well as
gemstones and gerenuki. Trees are a favorite destination for lions,
leopards and pythons.
The park has more than 550 species of
birds, including the largest bird - the ostrich, and the heaviest
flying bird - the African Great Bustard. Many birds are endemic to
this part of Tanzania. Old termite mounds are the habitat of
fiery-headed trachyphonuses (African warts) and dwarf mongooses.