Murchison Falls or Kabarega Falls is one of the largest water falls
on the White Nile river in Kabarega National Park in North- west
Uganda. Murchison Falls reached a height of 130 ft (40 m). Murchison
Falls is a natural geologic formation on the White Nile River
situated between Lake Albert and Lake Kyoga at the northern end of
the Albertine Rift Valley. Area around Murchison Falls is protected
by Murchison Falls National Park. It is first protected game reserve
in Uganda having been established in 1926. Today it houses over 70
species of mammals and over 450 species of various birds.
addition to spectacular rash of water of Murchison Falls through a
narrow crevice in the rocks, tourists can also enjoy aquatic
wildlife including hippos, Nile crocodiles and numerous aquatic
birds that come to nest here. Many large game also come here as this
is the only permanent source of water in the region.
waterfall was discovered in 1864 by the English traveler Samuel
Baker, who named it Murchison Falls in honor of the distinguished
Scottish geologist Roderick Murchison. In 1972, the waterfall was
renamed Kabarega in honor of the ruler of the state of Unyoro in
1870-1899, the leader of armed resistance to the English invasion,
the national hero of Uganda, Kabareg Chva II.